Extinct Animals/Haiwan Yang Telah PupusEnglish Wolf
The wolf became extinct in England in 1486, Scotland in 1743, and Ireland in 1770.
Quagga, Equus burchelli quagga, of the Karoo Plains and southern Free State of South Africa were a subspecies of the Burchellís Zebra, although their unique appearance wouldn't necessarily make this apparent. Some thought incorrectly that the Quagga was the female of Burchell's Zebra, probably because the natives gave both zebras the same name.
In the wild, Quaggas, Ostriches and Wildebeests often grazed together in what was termed the "triple alliance". The Quagga's hearing, the Ostrich's eyesight and the Wildibeast's keen sense of smell comprised excellent defense from predators for the entire herd. However, its limited range made it all the more vulnerable and Quaggas were hunted to the brink of extinction in the mid 19th Century by settlers razing sheep, goats and other livestock. The last Quagga died in in 1883 in an Amsterdam Zoo.
Turanian Tiger, Caspian Tiger
Caspian Tigers lived in China, Tajikistan, Iran, Afghanistan and Turkey. They were hunted for their furs and to protect livestock. A ban on hunting the Caspian Tiger in the USSR in 1947 followed their greatest destruction in the 1930s. The last Caspian Tiger reported shot was in 1957.
[ Last edited by sephia_liza at 20-6-2006 10:46 AM ]
The Arsinoitheriumnamed for the Egyptian Ptolemaic (Greek) queen, Arsinoe, from the order of Embrithopoda looked much like a rhinoceros with two horns, but is today extinct. Originally, they were thought to have existed only in the ancient Fayoum forest (during the Lower Oligocene 25 to 45 million years ago), but examples of this mammal appear to have now been found elsewhere, including Romania and Turkey.
The original Arsinoitherium was about the size and shape of a modern rhinoceros at about 3.4 meters (11 feet) in length. The animals had five toed hooves, forty-four high crowned teeth and was probably semi-amphibian living in marshy areas. This animal, discovered by Beadnell in 1902, was named Arsinoitherium zitteli after one of the members of the Rohlfs expedition. In 1903, Andrews and Lankester discovered Arsinoitherium andrewsi, a similar animal though about one third the size of the Arsinoitherium zitteli. While research continues and many questions remain unanswered about these animals, it is almost certain that the two types of Arsinoitheriums could not have existed at the same time.
Steller's Sea Cowhttp://www.50birds.com/extan/images/extstellersseacow13b.jpg
Steller's Sea Cow was discovered in the Aleutian Islands by George Steller while exploring with Vitus Bering in 1741. They grew as large as 35 feet long and weighed up to three-and-a-half tons. Sailors ate their meat and used their leather. They were easily killed and vanished from their only home within 30 years after Steller's discovery.
Spectacled Cormorant, Pallas' Cormorant
Also discovered in the Aleutian Islands by George Steller while exploring with Vitus Bering in 1741. The Spectacled Cormorant was extinct within about a century.
In 1505, Portuguese explorers discovered the island of Mauritius and the 50 lb flightless Dodos which supplemented their food stores. Imported pigs, monkeys and rats fed on the Dodo's eggs in their ground nests. The last Dodo was killed in 1681.
Moeritherium lived in North Africa about 50 million years ago in the Miocene. They stood little more than two feet tall and likely ate water plants in ponds similarly to hippopotamuses
Trilophodon Four tusked Mastodon
The Trilophodon stood over 8 feet tall and lived in Africa, Europe, Asia and North America from the Miocene (26 million years ago) to the Pleistocene epoch (2 million years ago) .
Tetrabelodon lived in North Africa, Europe and Asia during the Miocene (24 million to 5 million years ago) and the early Pliocene (5 million to 1.8 million years ago). Tetrabelodons had four tusks and one species stood more than 15 feet tall.
The Dinotherium lived in Europe, Africa and Asia from around 20 million years ago to around just a few million years ago in the Miocene and the Pliocene periods.
Long Jawed Mastodon
Long Jawed Mastodons stood about 4 1/2 ft high, had four tusks and lived in the Oligocene epoch (from about 33.7 to 23.8 million years ago), part of the Tertiary Period in the Cenozoic Era.
During the Oligocene epoch, the first Mastodons lived in Africa and their larger descendants spread over Asia, Europe and finally to Northern America about 15 million years ago in the Miocene (23.8 to 5.3 million years ago.) The last Long-jawed Mastodons lived in North America and became extinct near the end of the Pleistocene (1.8 million to 11,000 years ago)
American Mastodons lived about 15 million years ago and became extinct about 6,000 years ago. They stood about 10 feet tall, ate grass, leaves and water plants of the lowlands and swamps which they roamed.
Southern Mammoth Mammuthus meridionalis
The Southern Mammoth lived in Europe and Asia in the late Pliocene from about 2.5 to 3 million years ago and migrated to North America in the early Pleistocene around 1.8 million years ago. It stood about 14 ft at the shoulder
The Hairy Mammoth stood about 12 feet tall, lived in Europe and Asia during the Pleistociene and became extinct as recently as from 5,000 to 10,000 years ago. Mammoths were hunted during the stone age and Cro-Magnon people painted Mammoth images on cave walls.
The Woolly Mammoths were about 11 feet tall and lived in the Arctic Regions of Europe, Asia and North America in the Pleistocene (1.8 million to 11 thousand years ago) and became extinct between 5000 and 10,000 years ago.
Giant Australian Marsupial Diprotodon
The Giant Australian Marsupial, Diprotodon, looked like a giant Wombat and lived from 1,600,000 to 40,000 years ago during the Pleistocene. It was the largest marsupial that ever lived, the size of a hippopotamus, 9 feet long and 6 feet high at the shoulders. It probably ate tree leaves, shrubs and grasses.
Giant Ground Sloth
The Giant Ground Sloth, Megatherium americanum, was 18 feet long, as big as an elephant, and lived in South America during the Pleistocene until just a few thousand years ago. Other species from the size of a cat to that of the the giant ground sloth lived from the Arctic to Antarctica. They were hunted by humans and some believe humans may even have farmed them.
The extinct bird, Phororhacos lived in South America during the Miocene
and stood eight feet tall. Imagine running away from this carnivore!
Archelon, Archelon ischyros
The Giant Turtle Archelon was a slow moving creature of the ancient seas during the Cretaceous (65 to 146 million years ago). Some remains measure over 15 feet long. Like many of today's turtles it ate jellyfish and expired drifting fish as well as plants, buried its eggs in sandy beaches, and may have lived more than 100 years.
The Baluchitherium was an early rhinoceros which lived in Asia about 20 to 30 million years ago during the late Oligocene (24 to 38 million years ago )and and early Miocene (5 to 24 million years ago)
Pterodactyls lived in Antarctica, Australia, Africa, Europe, Asia and the Americas during the Jurassic (205 million to 138 million years ago) and were extinct by the end of the Cretaceous (65 million years ago). Their wings consisted of skin stretched between their bodies and long fourth "fingers" of their "hands". Three additional much smaller fingers of each hand had claws. They laid large eggs. They were not dinasours.
There were 29 pterodactyl species ranging from the size of a small bird up to the size of a Quetzalcoatlus which was 20 feet long and weighed 500 lbs. The largest Quetzalcoatlus wingspan measured over 36 feet. They probably soared over long distances. Another Pterodactyl species, the Pterodaustros, had one thousand teeth.
Pteranodons lived in Europe and North America during the Cretaceous around 75 million years ago. They stood 6 feet tall and had wingspans of over 20 feet, sometimes greater than 30 feet. The Pteranodons were descendants of the earlier pterodactyls. They ate fish, crabs, mollusks, insects and also scavenged, but had no teeth. They were likely able to soar for long distances with may have even walked well.
Rhamphorhynchus, one of the first vertebrates to fly, was an early pterosaur in Africa and Europe in the late Jurassic around 150 million years ago. They ranged in size, the largest having a wingspan of almost 6 feet. It had a large head, a long neck, long jaws with outward pointing teeth, a throat pouch, small legs and a long tail with a diamond shaped flap. It likely hunted or scavenged for fish. Their fossils are often found near ancient seabeds.
Another Pterodactyle, the Dimorphodon, lived in Europe during the early Jurassic. It had a 4 feet wingspan, deep, wide jaws and a diamond-shaped flap at the end of its long tail, probably used to maneuver and often imitated in science fiction illustrations. The few Dimorphodon fossils which have been found show large voids in its skull which lightened its huge head.
The Tylosaurus was a large marine lizard, 20 to 45 feet long, which lived during the Cretaceous about 88 to 78 million years ago. It had lots of teeth and ate other marine creatures. Fossils have been found in North America and New Zealand.
Ichthyosaurs were reptiles (not fish) that lived during the Triassic (208 to 248 million years ago) and became extinct during the Cretaceous (65 to 146 million years ago) about 95 million years ago. They measured up to 40 feet long, had strong jaws, sharp teeth and big eyes to see their prey.
Dunkleosteus "terrible fish"
Dunkleosteus, a voracious carnivorous fish, lived about 400 million years ago. It measured up to 11.5 ft long and had huge jaws with scissor-like cutting serrated, razor-sharp bones instead of teeth. Its skull was was over 2 feet long. They were not sharks. They ate sharks!
Dinichthys lived about 400 million years ago. It was about 30 feet long and weighed over 2 tons. It probably was not agile and waited in the plants of the sea floor to ambush its prey. ermmm kalau diorg wat klon benda nie kan besh
hidupkan smula haiwan2 nie
cam dodo ... harimau .. badak ....... aper efek kat dunia kalau haiwan ni masih ader lagi.... contoh yang saiz raksasa Emow Emow Emow...
kepupusan haiwan nie pun untuk menyeimbangkan ekosistem...but faktor² pembalakan, pemburu haram adalah punca penyebab kepupusan haiwan nie...jika kerajaan Malaysia tak pantau atau buat dono jer abis ler animal kat Malaysia nie... clon ler binatang yg kecik jer
cam burung dodo ker ...
comey lak tgk burung dodo nie ..... terdapat 2 spesisi harimau lagi yang telah pupus selain harimau caspian iaitu :-
1. harimau bali-harimau terakhir ditembak mati pada tahun 1937
2. harimau Jawa-kali terakhir dilihat pada 1972
Note: terdapat quote yg mengatakan harimau jawa masih wujud dan penyelidik ada terjumpa kesannya (termasuk najisnya)..tapi gambarnya masih belum dapat di rakam sehingga kini.. tu ler kite manusia selalu menyebabkan byk haiwan pupus ler.
paling aku sakit hati biler dgr harimau and sharks yg dh pupus atau nk pupus ler.
sekarang nih nk carik white shark yg bersize besar hingga boleh dipanggil submarine pon susah ler.
The Dawn Horse, Eohippus, Hyracotheriumhttp://www.50birds.com/extan/images/extaneohippus.jpg
Hyracotherium, the earliest known horse, lived in the early Eocene, about 50 million years ago in Asia, Europe and North America, was less than 20 inches long and stood less than 10 inches tall at the shoulder. This tiny horse was preyed on by early dog and cat like predators and even giant carnivorous birds!
Hypohippos a Miocene Horse inhabitated heavy undergrowth in North America.
Early North American Horses were not the ancestors of present day horses.
A Pleistocene Horse That Lived in North America.
Saber Toothed Tiger Preys on an Early Horse Eohippus
Horned Gophers, R. Bruce Horsefallhttp://www.50birds.com/images/nsthornedgopher-hlmwh-rbh13.jpg
Epigaulus hatcheri, extinct since the Pliocene, lived in Nebraska
Elothers and Moropus
Titanotheres and Tortoises
Cave Painting of the Wooly Rhinoceros
Found in the cavern Font de Gaume Dordogne Mosas
Carolina Parakeet, Gustav Mutzelhttp://www.50birds.com/images/extCarolinaParakeetMutzelBrehmsTierleben340.jpg
Once abundant, this extinct species nested in large colonies in the cypress swamps in the South Atlantic and Gulf States. They migrated up the Mississippi, and Missouri Rivers to the Platte and regularly to Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin and Nebraska, and in the east to Pennsylvania. Hunted for their feathers and slaughtered as pests, the last reported sighting in the wild was a small flock in Florida in 1920. http://www.saczoo.com/3_kids/11_earth/images/bali_tiger.jpg
The last Bali Tiger was recorded to
have been killed in1937 somewhere
in the forest of western Bali.
The only known photograph of a Bali Tiger, one of three subspecies driven to extinction by humans. Of the five remaining, the most threatened is the South China Tiger, which has fewer than 100 living individuals total.
Once lived on Bali, where the last tiger was believed to have been killed in 1937. As far as we know, no photos of a live Bali tiger exist. One photo of a dead Bali tiger was taken in 1925.
[ Last edited by sephia_liza at 5-7-2006 11:29 AM ]
CASPIAN TIGER Panthera Tigris Virgatahttp://www.wildtigers.bravehost.com/caspian.jpg
Once found in Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Mongolia, and the Central Asiatic area of Russia and probably went extinct in the 1950s.
JAWA TIGER Panthera Tigris Sondaica
The Jawa tiger, Panthera tigris sondaica, formerly ranged on the Indonesian island of Jawa and was last seen in 1972 and has become extinct in the last 30 years. Three tiger subspecies have been declared to be extinct in the past 70 years, the Bali, Caspian and Jawa tigers.
Scientific Name: Panthera tigris sondaica
Range: Indonesian Island of Jawa
Female: 75-115kg (165 - 253 pounds)
Male: 100-141kg (220 - 310 pounds)
Male: 2480mm (8'-3")
Diet: All tigers are carnivorous. Tiger prey consists mostly of pigs, deer, antelope, buffalo and other large mammals, although tigers have been known to hunt smaller mammals and birds.
Gestation Period: 100-100 Days (Averaging 103 Days)
Cub Maturity: 18 months - 2 Years
Cubs Per Litter: (Usually 2-3 cubs) Cubs are born blind and weigh 2-3 pounds.
Lifespan: Tigers live for 10-15 Years
Predators: Unknown, Man
Social Structure: Solitary (except during Mating Season)
Territory Size: Unknown. Today tigers occur in parts of India, Manchuria, China, Indonesia and Russia (Siberia).
Conservation Status: Extinct since the 1970's.
[ Last edited by sephia_liza at 5-7-2006 11:39 AM ] Bigfoot tak termasuk dalam kategori nie ke...? Dah lama extinct nie. http://img206.imageshack.us/img206/9663/124564jn.jpg
"The passenger pigeon needs no protection. Wonderfully prolific, having the vast forests of the North as its breeding grounds, traveling hundreds of miles in search of food, it is here today and elsewhere tomorrow, and no ordinary destruction can lessen them, or be missed from the myriads that are yearly produced." Report of a select committee of the Ohio Senate in 1857 on a bill proposed to protect Passenger Pigeons. One of the most noted of extinct animals, passenger pigeons were reduced from numbers in the hundreds of millions for food.
Heath Hen, Chester A. Reed
The Heath Hen was established as distinct from its relative, the Prairie Chicken in 1885. Correllus State Forest on Martha's Vineyard was created in 1908 as a Heath Hen Reserve to prevent the bird's extinction. The last Heath Hen was sighted in 1932 shortly after a grassland fire. kesan yg dah manusia buat sejak beribu2 thn dulu,
sikit lagi kucing pun leh tgk kat tv je
tak pun wat patung mainan je
yg idup semua nya pupus Originally posted by fly_in_d_sky at 21-6-2006 06:50 PM http://forum.cari.com.my/images/common/back.gif
clon ler binatang yg kecik jer
cam burung dodo ker ...
comey lak tgk burung dodo nie .....
dulu aku penah tgk kt Discovery Channel / Nat. Geo...
dorg buat dokumentari psl sepasang sejenis burung yg mmg mcm burung dodo kt mauritius....
dorg (org yg buat dokumentari tu) rasa itu la pasangan burung dodo yg terakhir di dunia...
pasangan dodo tu ada dua ekor anak yg baru menetas dari telur tp sekor mati sbb x cukup mkn...
bila anak yg sekor lg tu dh besar, ia pun ikut pindah ke tmpt lain bersama mak ayahnya..
semcm rasa sedih je tgk nasib 3 ekor burung tu...
x tau idup lg ke x skrg...
Found above the tree line and near permanent snow in central Asia'sdry mountainous country, the snow leopard has been prized as a hunter'strophy, destroyed as a predator of domestic flocks, and sought as asource of valuable fur. Complete information as to its numbers is notavailable, but almost everywhere it is considered to be rare or indecline. Currently, the most serious threat to its survival is loss ofhabitat due to human expansion.
More than 150 snow leopards live in zoos where theyhave been bred successfully. The snow leopard is now listed as anendangered species and is legally protected by the Convention onInternational Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Insome places, however, enforcement of regulations is difficult. Reserveshave been set aside for both the cat and its prey species.
Black Footed Ferrethttp://www.animalport.com/img/Black-Footed-Ferret.jpg
Last noted in Saskatchewan in 1937, this weasel is now considered to beextirpated in Canada. It has fared little better in the United States.An animal of North Americaís arid, shortgrass prairies, it livedprimarily with, and on, prairie dogsWide-scale poisoning programs to eradicate prairie dogs and thedestruction of grassland habitat also killed off the ferret. It nowsurvives in a few places in the western United States where ranchersare compensated for not molesting prairie dog towns and wheremanagement programs for the prairie dog and the ferret are beingdeveloped.
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