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[Komunikasi] Italiano

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Author: TipinTakTipu       Show all posts   Read mode

Author
 Author| Post time 3-5-2007 10:31 PM | Show all posts
Italian is the language for lovers and the mother tongue of the renowned seducer Casanova.
Learn how to whisper sweet nothings to your sweetheart in Italian!

Difficulty: Easy

Time Required: Eternity


Here's How: (only for man to woman)

  • Find that special someone.
  • Create the right romantic atmosphere.
  • Whisper these phrases into your lover's ear:
  • Ti penso sempre - I always think of you.
  • Mi manchi - I miss you.
  • Come sei bella - How beautiful you are.
  • Voglio vederti stasera - I want to see you tonight.
  • Tu sei una stella... la mia stella - You are a star...my star.
  • Cara mia, ti voglio bene - My darling, I want you badly.
  • Ti amo! - I love you!


[ Last edited by  TipinTakTipu at 14-8-2007 06:42 PM ]
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Author
 Author| Post time 3-5-2007 11:50 PM | Show all posts
Mari membaca ...   ... Let's read

Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana)


Flag


Coat of arms

Italy (Italian: Italia, officially the Italian Republic; Italian: Repubblica Italiana), is a country located in Southern Europe, that comprises the Po River valley, the Italian Peninsula and the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia. Italians also refer to it as lo Stivale ("the Boot", due to its boot-like shape), il Bel Paese ("the Beautiful Country") or la Penisola[1] ("the Peninsula" as an antonomasia). Italy shares its northern alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclaves within Italian territory, while Campione d'Italia is an Italian exclave in Switzerland.



Capital : Rome

Government : Parliamentary Republic
President : Giorgio Napolitano
Prime Minister : Romano Prodi

Unification : 17 March 1861
Republic : 2 June 1946

Total Area : 301,318 km2 (Malaysia :329,847 km2)
Population (July 2006) : 58,883,958 (Malaysia : 26,909,000)
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 Author| Post time 3-5-2007 11:53 PM | Show all posts
Italy is subdivided into 20 regions (regioni, singular regione). Five of these regions enjoy a special autonomous status that enables them to enact legislation on some of their specific local matters, and are marked by an *. It is further divided into 109 provinces and 8,101 municipalities (comuni).

Region         -  Capital  - Area  -       Population1AbruzzoL'Aquila10,794 km1,305,0002BasilicataPotenza9,992 km594,0003CalabriaCatanzaro15,080 km2,004,0004CampaniaNaples13,595 km5,790,0005Emilia-RomagnaBologna22,124 km4,187,0006Friuli-Venezia Giulia*Trieste7,855 km1,208,0007LazioRome17,207 km5,304,0008LiguriaGenoa5,421 km1,610,0009LombardyMilan23,861 km9,475,00010MarchesAncona9,694 km1,528,00011MoliseCampobasso4,438 km320,00012PiedmontTurin25,399 km4,341,00013ApuliaBari19,362 km4,071,00014Sardinia*Cagliari24,090 km1,655,00015Aosta Valley*Aosta3,263 km123,00016TuscanyFlorence22,997 km3,619,00017Trentino-Alto Adige/Sdtirol*Trento13,607 km985,00018UmbriaPerugia8,456 km867,00019Sicily*Palermo25,708 km5,017,00020VenetoVenice18,391 km4,738,000



Largest cities
City       InhabitantsRomec. 2,547,000Milanc. 1,308,000Naplesc. 984,000Turinc. 900,000Palermoc. 670,000Genoac. 620,000

Other major cities with populations in excess of 250,000 inhabitants are Bologna, Florence, Bari, Catania, Venice and Verona.

Metropolitan area  InhabitantsMilan7.4 millionRome3.7 millionNaples3.1 millionTurin2.2 million
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Post time 4-5-2007 12:49 PM | Show all posts
molto molto grazie cikgu Tipin...:clap: :clap:

bertambah gak ilmu aku....
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 Author| Post time 4-5-2007 07:39 PM | Show all posts
Cardinal Numbers / Numeri Cardinali

0 = zero
1 = uno
2 = due
3 = tre
4 = quattro
5 = cinque
6 = sei
7 = sette
8 = otto
9 = nove
10 = dieci

11 = undici
12 = dodici
13 = tredici
14 = quattordici
15 = quindici
16 = sedici

17 = diciassette
18 = diciotto
19 = diciannove

20 = venti
21 = ventuno
22 = ventidue
23 = ventitre
24 = ventiquattro
25 = venticinque
26 = ventisei
27 = ventisette
28 = ventotto
29 = ventinove

30 = trenta
31 = trentuno

40 = quaranta
50 = cinquanta
60 = sessanta
70 = settanta
80 = ottanta
90 = novanta
100 = cento
101 = centouno
110 = centodieci
200 = duecento
1,000 = mille  ( Grazie mille )
10,000 = diecimila
100,000 = centomila
1,000,000 = un milione
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 Author| Post time 4-5-2007 07:47 PM | Show all posts
Ordinal numbers / Numeri ordinali

1st = primo
2nd = secondo
3rd = terzo
4th = quarto
5th = quinto
6th = sesto
7th = settimo
8th = ottavo
9th = nono
10th = decimo
11th = undicesimo
20th = ventesimo
21st = ventunesimo
30th = trentesimo
40th = quarantesimo
50th = cinquantesimo
100th = centesimo
1,000th = millesimo
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Author
 Author| Post time 6-5-2007 11:39 AM | Show all posts
Italian National Anthem



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZIgMOqGj3U

Il Canto degli Italiani (The Song of the Italians) is the Italian national anthem.
It is best known among Italians as Inno di Mameli (Mameli's Hymn) and sometimes referred to as Fratelli d'Italia.


Fratelli d'Italia,
l'Italia s'
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 Author| Post time 6-5-2007 12:46 PM | Show all posts
Lihat Perbezaan


For Man (l'uomo)

Buongiorno!
Io mi chiamo David. Io sono italiano. Io sono un uomo molto bello e famoso. Io abito in Italia. Io lavoro a Firenze.

Good morning. My name is David. I am Italian. I am a very handsome and famous man. I live in Italy. I work in Florence.



For Woman (la donna)

Buongiorno!
Io mi chiamo Venere. Io sono italiana. Io sono una donna molto bella e famosa. Anch'io abito in Italia. Anch'io lavoro a Firenze.

Good morning.
My name is Venere. I am Italian. I am a very beautiful and famous woman. I also live in Italy. I
also work in Florence.

[ Last edited by  TipinTakTipu at 6-5-2007 09:35 PM ]
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 Author| Post time 6-5-2007 12:50 PM | Show all posts
Parole Nuove (New Words)

Male

bambino - child
ragazzo - boy
uomo - man
italiano - italian
simpatico - pleasant/appealing
famoso - famous
buono - good, kind
bello - handsome
bravo - good (in performance), kind
carino - nice
americano - american
alto - tall, high
magro - skinny
giovano - young
brutto - ugly
antipatico - obnoxious, unpleasant
cattivo - mean, nasty
basso - short, low
piccolo - small, little
grasso - overweight
vecchio - old person
anziano - old person, senior (polite)



Female

bambina - child
ragazza - girl
donna - lady
italiana - italian
simpatica - pleasant/appealing
famosa - famous
buona - good, kind
bella - beautiful
brava - good (in performance), kind
carina - nice
americana - american
alta - tall, high
magra - skinny
giovana - young
brutta - ugly
antipatica - obnoxious, unpleasant
cattiva - mean, nasty
bassa - short, low
piccola - small, little
grassa - overweight
vecchia - old person
anziana - old person, senior (polite)


* ARTICLES and ADJECTIVES must agree in gender (masculine or feminine) with the NOUN they are associated with.


Example :

un ragazzo bello e simpatico.
una ragazza bella e simpatica.

un bambino brutto e cattivo.
una donna giovana e magra.
una bambina americana.

[ Last edited by  TipinTakTipu at 6-5-2007 01:10 PM ]
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Author
 Author| Post time 6-5-2007 01:50 PM | Show all posts
Perbualan antara David (Italian) dengan Statue of Liberty (American)

D : Buongiorno. Io mi chiamo David. Come ti chiami tu?
L : Io mi chiamo Liberty
D : Tu sei italiana?
L : No, non sono italiana, sono americana.
D : Tu sei famosa?
L : Certemente. Io sono molto famosa.
D : Dove abiti tu?    (where do you live?)
L : Abito a New York.
D : Dov'e' New York?
L : New York e' in America. E tu, dove abiti?    (and you, where do you live?)
D : Abito a Firenze. Firenze e' in Italia.
L : Dove lavori?    (where do you work?)
D : Lavoro in un museo.
L : Di dove sei?
D : Sono di Firenza.



CONJUGATING A VERB

When you conjugate a verb, each person ("I", "You" etc.) has a different ending.
Regular Verbs , such as ABITARE, LAVORARE and CHIAMARE follow a standard pattern.

All verbs ending in the infinitive with - ARE are conjugated following the same pattern.

.
Example
......................1.
ABITARE"TO RESIDE, TO DWELL, TO LIVE"
Io abito("I live")
Tu abiti("You live")
Lui abita("He lives")
Lei abita("She lives" or FORMAL "you live")
Abita  ("It lives")  NOTE: The subject pronoun for "IT" [Esso - Essa] is usually OMITTED
.
Example
......................2.
LAVORARE"TO WORK"
io lavoro("I work")
Tu lavori     
("You work")
Lui lavora
("He works")
Lei lavora
("She works" or FORMAL "you work")
Lavora("It works")
.
Example
......................3
CHIAMARSI "TO CALL ONESELF, TO BE NAMED"
Io mi chiamo("My name is". Literally: "I call myself")
Tu ti chiami     
("Your name is". Lit.: "You call yourself")
Lui si chiama
("His name is". Lit.: "He calls himself")
Lei si chiama
("Her name is". Lit.: "She calls herself" or FORMAL "your name is")
Si chiama("Its name is". Lit.: "It calls itself")
CHIAMARSI is the "reflexive" form of CHIAMARE ("to call, to name").

..........................................

Verbs such as ESSERE and other irregular verbs have each a different conjugation pattern and must be memorized individually.
ESSERE"TO BE"
Io sono"I am"
Tu sei"You are"
Lui "He is"
Lei "She is"or FORMAL "you are"
E'"It is"
REMEMBER :  IT IS is simply e'
.
................
IMPORTANT
Since each person has a different ending, the subject pronoun ("io," "tu," etc.) is understood and therefore can be left out. Thus, you will hear and read "abito" or "abiti" instead of the full form "io abito", "tu abiti". In other words, the use of the SUBJECT PRONOUN is OPTIONAL. As explained above, when we introduced the verb ESSERE, the subject pronoun for IT ("esso" and "essa") is practically always omitted.


[ Last edited by  TipinTakTipu at 6-5-2007 01:53 PM ]

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Author
 Author| Post time 6-5-2007 10:23 PM | Show all posts
Informal  &  Formal
(Formal means talking to stranger / superior / respectable person / younger to older etc.)
.

INFORMALFORMAL
To a man:  "Tu sei italiano?" "Lei e' italiano?"
To a woman:"Tu sei italiana?" "Lei e' italiana?"

The INFORMAL mode is expressed with the pronoun "TU"  ("YOU" singular in English)
and the corresponding form of the verb
("sei").


The FORMAL mode is expressed with the the feminine pronoun "LEI"  (literally "SHE" in English) and the corresponding form of the verb ("e' ").

"LEI" thus means both "she" and "formal you".
To distinguish between the two the INFORMAL is written with a small 'l' (lei,) while the FORMAL is written with a capital "L" (Lei).



Come ti chiami tu?What is your name?Formal:

Come si chiama Lei?
Tu sei italiana? Are you Italian?Formal:

Lei e' italiana?
No, io non sono italiana.
Io sono americana.
No, I am not Italian.
I am American.

Tu sei famosa? Are you famous?Formal:

Lei e' famosa?
Certamente.
Io sono molto famosa.
Certainly.
I am very famous.


Dove abiti tu? Where do you live?Formal:

Dove abita Lei?
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Author
 Author| Post time 6-5-2007 10:38 PM | Show all posts
ASKING A QUESTION
.
There are no rigid "grammar rules" to follow when it comes to asking a question.
The crucial aspect is the intonation (or, if you are writing, the question mark "?")
.
You will hear and read:
Dove abiti? Tu dove abiti? Dove abiti tu?
Come ti chiami? Tu come ti chiami? Come ti chiami tu? Sei italiana? Tu sei italiana? Sei italiana tu?

All these are perfectly "correct". The variations often reflect the particular emphasis of the question, as well as the context.

.
.
DOVE = Where               and             COME = How
.
In front of "
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 Author| Post time 6-5-2007 11:14 PM | Show all posts
Parole Nuove (New words)

Io abito (I live..)

Io abito in una casa. La casa e' semplice
(I live in a house. The house is simple/ordinary/modest).

Io abito in un appartmento con un amico. L'appartmento e' confortevole. Io sono socievole.
(I live in an appartment with my friend. The apartment is comfortable. I am sociable).

Io abito in una villa. La villa e' grande. (big)

Io abito in un condominio. Il condominio e' elegante. Io amo il silenzio (I love peace and quiet).

Io abito in una castello. Il castello e' antico.
(I live in a castle. The castle is ancient).


Maschile/Femminile
.
Adjectives like  "buono," "italiano," "famoso"  when are associated with feminine nouns change the final vowel from  " - o " to " - a " ,  becoming "buona," "italiana," "famosa".

THESE ADJECTIVES belong to the "First class" of adjectives.
.
.
Other adjectives that end in " - e " DO NOT CHANGE  whether associated with masculine or feminine nouns.
Example: "elegante," "grande," "tradizionale."

For the sake of classification, these are called "Second Class" adjectives.
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Post time 8-5-2007 09:57 AM | Show all posts
aku dah dekat 7 tahun kerja dgn italianos, tapi tak gak tau cakap italian nih.. dulu masa memula masuk ada gak gie kelas free punya kat italian embassy, tapi rasa susah bebenor nak paham .... rasanya kalau nak belajar bahasa nih kena terpaksa... i mean there is no way for you to avoid talking the language .. misalnya ko kena dok kat negara tu and speak their language to communicate and that is the only way.
if you go there, memanglah tak ramai yg tau berbahasa english, so nak tak nak ko kena gak tau sepatah dua ... i went there for 10 days masa first join company ni dulu, can survive with a phrase book dulu la ... kalau ada rezeki, insyallah, gie lagi this july... still berbekalan itu phrase book gak ler nampaknyer ...
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Post time 8-5-2007 09:59 AM | Show all posts
tipin, syabas for all the effort....

i love their songs ... but as you said, we have very limited selection of italian cds here ... unfortunately, italians kat tempat i ni very the kedekut... i dah banyak kali pesan belikan cd kat sana, heh.. tak de nyer ...
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Post time 8-5-2007 06:08 PM | Show all posts
syabas inspector sahab!!! bersemangat haku nak belajar. aku tengok orang itali ni lawa2 dan hensem2.. tukang naikkan bendera pun hensem gilerr!! jatuh chenta jap.

Tipin, tambah lagi banyak2. kalau boleh buat topik2 macam makanan sebab itali kan famous dengan pizza dan pasta.
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Post time 10-5-2007 01:02 AM | Show all posts
i love this thread
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Post time 10-5-2007 08:18 AM | Show all posts
ciao tutti..
io ho parlo italiano poco - poco
per me italiano lingue molto-molto dificile..

io ho abita qui alle chique anni fare..
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Post time 11-5-2007 02:03 AM | Show all posts

Reply #58 FARINATA's post

aku try nak paham maksud berdasarkan pengalaman aku baca forum bola dlm italian, dimana selalu kena translate ke english.. tp ni bukan direct translation la, aku tak reti..

hi all
i speak a bit of  italian (farina kenapa poco-poco yer.. mmg italian repeat perkataan ker?)
for me italian is quite difficult (motto-motto  - mmg italian suka repeat ek?)
i have lived here... err tak tau apa dah tapi anni tu year kan?   fare - make.. :hmm:

sekian pemahaman rojak drpd saya..
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Post time 11-5-2007 05:04 AM | Show all posts
aku tau buon giorno, arrivederci, grazie  n prego je

berkat pegi rome n milan aritu

series bahse ni cm best

tp xsmpt kalo nk blaja kt cni
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