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[INFORMASI] [LUBUK KREDIT] HARI INI DALAM SEJARAH

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Author: novelloverzz       Show all posts   Read mode

Post time 15-5-2013 10:00 PM | Show all posts
15 may 1958-U.S.S.R launced Sputnik III


It was orbited at an angle of 65 degrees to the equator. Initial reports place its apogee at 1,880 kilometres. It takes 106 minutes to circuit the Earth. It was detached from the carrier rocket, which is travelling along a similar orbit.

At 1.41 p.m. (Moscow time) on May 15 it passed over Moscow from the south-west to the north-east.

Soviet Sputnik 3 is in the form of a cone 1.73 metres in diameter at the base and 3.57 metres in height, excluding the protruding antennae.

It weighs 1,327 kilogrammes. The weight of the instruments for scientific research, the radio measuring apparatus and the sources of electric power aboard weigh 968 kilogrammes.

Instruments are installed in the sputnik to study the pressure and composition of the atmosphere in its upper layers; the concentration of positive ions; the magnitudes of the electric charge of the sputnik and the tension of the Earth's electrostatic field; the tension of the Earth's magnetic field; the intensity of the Sun's corpuscular radiation; the composition and variation of primary cosmic radiation, the distribution of the photons and heavy nuclei in cosmic rays; micrometeors; the temperature in the sputnik and on its surface.

The programme planned for the sputnik will make it possible to study a number of geophysical and physical problems with the aid of the instruments taken up by the sputnik to great heights.

A multi-channel telemetering system with a high selectivity has been installed on the sputnik to transmit the data to recording stations on the Earth. The sputnik is equipped with special transmitting devices which enable the co-ordinates of its trajectory to be measured.

With the aim of enlisting broad scientific circles in the observation of Soviet Sputnik III, a radio-transmitter has been installed in it which constantly emits powerful telegraph-beats on a frequency of 20.005 megacycles lasting 150-300 milliseconds.

A programme device controls the operation of the scientific and radiotechnical instruments aboard the sputnik. Apart from electro-chemical batteries the sputnik is equipped with solar batteries.

A thermal regulating system which, with the aid of special devices, changes the coefficients of radiation and reflection of the sputnik's surface serves to ensure a temperature regime for the normal operation of the apparatus on board.

Observations of the sputnik, registration of the scientific data and the measurement of the co-ordinates of its trajectory are being carried out by specially organised stations equipped with great quantities of radiotechnical and optical instruments. The data on the sputnik's co-ordinates received by the radar stations are processed automatically, reduced to a standard astronomic time and transmitted by communication lines to a co-ordinating and calculating centre.

The measurements received by the calculating centre from the various stations are automatically fed into high-speed electronic computers which determine the basic parameters of the sputnik's orbit and the calculations of its ephemerides. A great number of optical observation posts, astronomical observatories, radio clubs and radio amateurs are engaged in the observation of the sputnik.

The sputnik and its carrier rocket will be visible in the rays of the rising and setting sun.

Soviet Sputnik 3 - a new stage in the extensive research of the upper layers of the atmosphere and in the study of cosmic space - is a major contribution by Soviet scientists to world science.



Sumber: Youtube & http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Sputnik/Sputnik3.php


Last edited by day2 on 15-5-2013 10:03 PM

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Post time 16-5-2013 08:42 AM | Show all posts

May 16, 1929 - First Academy Awards Event

The first Academy Awards ceremony, Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel (1929) | Photo courtesy of Wikipedia

The first Academy Awards honored the best films of 1927 and 1928 and were presented at a private dinner on May 16, 1929 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. Named for President Theodore Roosevelt, the hotel opened in 1927 and was financed by a group that included Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford and Sid Grauman. The ceremony was held in the hotels Blossom Ballroom, where 270 guests each paid five dollars per ticket to attend the dinner and watch the presentation. Winners were announced three months before the ceremony, which was not broadcast on radio or television. The event was hosted by Academy President Douglas Fairbanks, who presented all of the golden statuettes in fifteen minutes.

Sumber : http://www.discoverlosangeles.co ... ademy-awards-venues

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Post time 16-5-2013 09:21 AM | Show all posts
ciksurie posted on 16-5-2013 08:42 AM
May 16, 1929 - First Academy Awards Event

The first Academy Awards ceremony, Hollywood Rooseve ...

vavava tahun 1929 udah ada award.. kelas gitu.. hiasan pon simple2 aje kan..


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Post time 16-5-2013 09:35 AM | Show all posts
Japan 2010 Japan Couple Married by Robot 16th May, 2010 : Japan conducts the first wedding in which the couple was married by a robot. The couple had a connection to the robotics industry and wished for the robot, the I-Fairy, to officiate their wedding in Tokyo.

Japan has hosted the world's first wedding to be conducted by a robot.
The automated creature, known as the I-Fairy, oversaw the wedding of Tomohiro Shibata and Satoko Inoue in the capital, Tokyo.
The couple decided to use the robot as they are both connected with Japan's thriving robotics industry.
Since robots had brought them together in the first place, they said, having one officiate at their wedding was a natural choice.
During the ceremony, I-Fairy - which has flashing eyes and plastic pigtails - instructed the groom to lift the bride's veil for the kiss.
The wedding took part in a rooftop restaurant in the Japanese capital.
sumber: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8685184.stm



Almost everyone stood when the bride walked down the aisle in her white gown, but not the wedding conductor, because she was bolted to her chair.
The nuptials at this ceremony were led by I-Fairy, a 4-foot tall seated robot with flashing eyes and plastic pigtails. Sundays wedding was the first time a marriage had been led by a robot, according to manufacturer Kokoro Co.

Please lift the brides veil, the robot said in a tinny voice, waving its arms in the air as the newlyweds kissed in front of about 50 guests.

The wedding took place at a restaurant in Hibiya Park in central Tokyo, where the I-Fairy wore a wreath of flowers and directed a rooftop ceremony. Wires led out from beneath it to a black curtain a few feet away, where a man crouched and clicked commands into a computer.




i-fairy

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Post time 17-5-2013 04:44 PM | Show all posts
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Post time 18-5-2013 10:04 AM | Show all posts
18 MEI 1970. Penubuhan UKM : Pencarian Kakitangan Perintis

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia telah ditubuhkan secara rasminya pada 18 Mei 1970, dan ianya beroperasi dalam bulan yang sama di kampus sementaranya, iaitu di Maktab Perguruan Persekutuan di Lembah Pantai. Penggunaan premis tersebut dilakukan setelah 80 orang pelatih tahun dua maktab berkenaan dipindahkan ke Maktab Perguruan Temenggong Ibrahim, Johor Bharu. Dalam pentadbiran mana-mana organisasi sekalipun, modal insan adalah modal yang utama, justeru bagi UKM, pengambilan modal insan perintis bagi UKM perlu dilaksanakan.



Sebaik sahaja kerajaan bersetuju untuk menubuhkan sebuah universiti kebangsaan, jawatankuasa penubuhan universiti kebangsaan yang dipengerusikan oleh Tun Syed Nasir telah memohon kerajaan memilih segera  calon-calon yang bakal mengisi jawatan Naib Canselor dan Pendaftar  bagi universiti tersebut.  Selain daripada itu, program latihan bagi bakal pensyarah juga perlu dilaksanakan dengan segera, ianya bagi memastikan mereka sudah terlatih untuk mengajar bakal pelajar perintis UKM. Kumpulan pertama tutor yang dihantar ke luar negara bagi melanjutkan pengajian adalah seramai 8 orang, pada masa yang sama, 2 orang pensyarah telah terlebih dahulu dihantar ke luar negara atas tujuan yang sama.

Kerajaan kemudiannya melantik Tan Sri Rashdan Baba sebagai Naib Canselor UKM yang pertama, dan Tun Abdullah Salleh, selaku pendaftar yang pertama. Tan Sri Rashdan Baba dan Tun Abdullah Salleh kemudiannya turut menyertai Menteri Pelajaran Malaysia, Tun Abdul Rahman Ya'akub ke Indonesia bagi mencari calon yang sesuai sebagai ahli akademik UKM, rombongan ini juga turut disertai oleh Dato' Dr. Hassan Ahmad yang ketika itu merupakan pemangku Pengarah Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Misi rombongan ini adalah mencari calon pengajar yang mampu mengajar subjek sains dengan menggunakan bahasa penghantar Bahasa Melayu. Sebelumnya, kementerian pendidikan sendiri telah mengadakan tinjauan bagi mengenalpasti calon bagi tujuan yang sama dari kalangan anak tempatan. Seterusnya pelantikan Tun Abdul Razak sebagai  Canselor UKM yang pertama pula diumumkan, persetujuan Tun Abdul Razak menerima pelantikan tersebut telah diumumkan  oleh Pemangku Menteri Pendidikan, Tan Sri Hj, Ghazali Jawi. (Berita Harian, 27 Ogos 1970:5).


Berita Harian,  27 Ogos 1970, P. 5

Menurut Tun Abdullah Salleh (The Straits Times, 24 November 1969), sebelum mula beroperasi dalam bulan Mei 1970, Universiti Kebangsaan perlu mengisi lebih kurang 20 jawatan kosong yang merangkumi jawatan seperti berikut;

1. Pensyarah
2. Penolong Pendaftar
3. Pustakawan
4. Pembantu Kewangan
5. Pembantu Makmal

Antara kaedah yang digunakan dalam mengisi jawatan-jawatan kosong ini ialah melalui pengiklanan di akhbar-akhbar tempatan, dan menurut Tun Abdullah, kaedah ini amat berkesan kerana UKM telah menerima permohonan yang sangat menggalakkan bagi jawatan-jawatan yang telah diiklankan.


Iklan jawatan Penolong Pustakawan. Sumber : The Straits Times, 30 Mac 1970.

sumber : http://harithsidek.blogspot.com/ ... ian-kakitangan.html

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Post time 18-5-2013 10:08 AM | Show all posts
1927 C The Bath School Disaster: forty-five people are killed by bombs planted by a disgruntled school-board member in Michigan.


On May 18, 1927, 45 people, mostly children, were killed and 58 were injured when disgruntled and demented school board member Andrew Kehoe dynamited the new school building in Bath, Michigan out of revenge over his foreclosed farm due in part to the taxes required to pay for the new school.









source:
http://www.slate.com/blogs/crime/2012/12/18/bath_school_bombing_remembering_the_deadliest_school_massacre_in_american.html

http://daggy.name/tbsd/





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Post time 19-5-2013 08:45 AM | Show all posts
May 19, 1962        "A birthday salute to U.S. President John F. Kennedy takes place at Madison Square Garden, New York. The highlight is Marilyn Monroe's infamous rendition of Happy Birthday."


Happy Birthday, Mr. President

  


  


"Happy Birthday, Mr. President" was a song sung by actress and singer Marilyn Monroe on Saturday, May 19, 1962, for then-President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, at a celebration of his forty-fifth birthday, ten days before the actual day of his 45th birthday (Tuesday, May 29). Sung in a sultry voice, Monroe sang the traditional "Happy Birthday to You" lyrics, with "Mr. President" inserted as Kennedy's name.
Monroe continued the song with a snippet from the classic song, "Thanks for the Memory", for which she had written new lyrics specifically aimed at Kennedy.
Thanks, Mr. PresidentFor all the things you've doneThe battles that you've wonThe way you deal with U.S. SteelAnd our problems by the tonWe thank you so much Afterwards, President Kennedy came on stage and joked about the song, saying, "I can now retire from politics after having had Happy Birthday sung to me in such a sweet, wholesome way," alluding to Monroe's delivery, her racy dress, and her general image as a sex symbol.[1]
The song and Monroe's performance have been remembered for numerous reasons. First, it was one of her last major public appearances (Monroe died August 5, 1962). In addition, there are persistent rumors that President Kennedy and Marilyn Monroe had had an affair,[2] giving Monroe's performance another layer of meaning.
Monroe's performance was accompanied by jazz pianist Hank Jones.[3]



sumber : http://encyclopedia.thefreedicti ... ay%2c+Mr.+President

Last edited by ciksurie on 19-5-2013 08:46 AM

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 Author| Post time 19-5-2013 12:12 PM | Show all posts
    

An Unsolved Mystery

On May 19th, 1780 a sense of doom swept over New England andparts of Canada at around noon. The darkness was seen as far north asPortland, Maine and as far south as New Jersey. However, it was notseen in Pennsylvania.


Much of the region was plunged into darkness. Chickens settleddown to roost and frogs began their nighttime croaking. When nightactually came in, the moon was as red as blood. There was no eclipseto blame for the blanket of darkness which would require the use ofcandles from noon on. For several days prior to this dark occurrence,the sun appeared to be red and the sky yellow.


Many people concluded that the Day of Judgement had come. Mostpeople found the sudden darkness baffling and inexplicable. Sciencecould not explain the phenomenon. Therefore, leaving it open toreligious interpretations. The Dark Day of 1780 is still regarded bymany as a supernatural event caused by God.


A response to the fears of his colleagues from Connecticutlegislative, Abraham Davenport, made him famous. His response was, Ichoose, for one, to meet Him face to face, No faithless servantfrightened from my task, But ready when the Lord of the harvestcalls; And therefore, with all reverence, I would say, Let God do Hiswork, we will see to ours. Bring in the candles.


The only possible cause may have been a high-altitude pall ofwind-bourne soot from huge forest fires burning in the West. Duringthe blackout, soot was seen collecting in rivers and in rainwater. This suggests the presence of smoke. Some recalled morningrain, indicative of cloud cover.
The blanket of darkness would linger until the middle of thenext night and to this day remains an unsolved mystery.











Source: http://vampgyrl420.hubpages.com/hub/New-Englands-Dark-Day




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Post time 19-5-2013 09:35 PM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 19-5-2013 12:12 PM
An Unsolved Mystery

On May 19th, 1780 a sense of doom swept over New England andparts of  ...

wooo!! mcm seram aje.. tiba2 gelap kan??

good info miss nov!!
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Post time 19-5-2013 09:42 PM | Show all posts
Sejarah Bendera malaysia

Sejarah penerimaan Bendera Persekutuan Tanah Melayu ialah melalui perjanjian dengan Majlis Raja-Raja di mana sebuah Jawatankuasa telah ditubuhkan dalam tahun 1949 untuk menimbang dan membuat perakuan berhubung dengan reka bentuk Bendera Persekutuan Tanah Melayu.

Satu pertandingan Peringkat Kebangsaan telah diadakan bagi memilih Bendera Persekutuan Tanah Melayu yang baru. Pertandingan ini diadakan oleh Majlis Perundangan Persekutuan dalam tahun 1949. Seramai 373 karyawan telah mengambil bahagian di mana tiga reka bentuk bendera dipilih ke peringkat akhir.



Reka bentuk pertama ialah lambang keris bersilang di tengah-tengah dengan dikelilingi oleh 11 bintang pecah lima. Reka bentuk kedua hampir serupa dengan rekabentuk pertama kecuali 11 bintang pecah lima itu disusun dalam dua bulatan mengelilingi Keris Bersilang tersebut. Reka bentuk ketiga ialah 11 jalur biru-putih dengan Bulan Bintang berwarna kuning di bahagian tepi kiri.

Majlis Perundangan Persekutuan menjemput orang ramai memberikan pendapat kepada ketiga-tiga reka bentuk tersebut. Pendapat umum itu telah dikelolakan oleh akhbar The Malay Mail. Keputusan akhir yang disiarkan pada 28 November 1949 menunjukkan majoriti orang ramai memilih reka bentuk ketiga. Reka bentuk tersebut adalah ciptaan seorang Arkitek Kerajaan di Johor iaitu Encik Mohamad bin Hamzah.


Fakta: Bendera Malaysia dicipta berdasarkan Bendera Johor


Reka bentuk bendera tersebut dengan beberapa pindaan telah mendapat perkenan Mesyuarat Majlis Raja-Raja pada 22 dan 23 Februari 1950. Pada 19 April 1950 Majlis Perundangan Persekutuan telah meluluskan usul yang dibentangkan oleh Pemangku Ketua Setiausaha Negara.

Reka bentuk bendera tersebut telah mendapat kelulusan King George VI pada 19 Mei 1950. Pertama kali Bendera Persekutuan Tanah Melayu dikibarkan ialah dalam majlis menaikkan bendera tersebut yang dianjurkan oleh Pesuruhjaya Tinggi British pada 26 Mei 1950 di perkarangan Istana Sultan Selangor dengan dihadiri oleh D.Y.M.M. Raja-Raja Melayu dan Pegawai-Pegawai King George VI.




Bendera Malaysia adalah berasal dari Bendera Persekutuan Tanah Melayu. Duli-Duli Yang Maha Mulia Raja-Raja Melayu dan Tuan-Tuan Yang Terutama Gabenor-Gabenor dalam satu Persidangan Majlis Raja-Raja menjelang pembentukan Malaysia telah memperkenankan iaitu reka bentuk Bendera Malaysia hendaklah mengikut reka bentuk Bendera Persekutuan Tanah Melayu dengan pengubahsuaian pada bilangan jalur-jalur dan bintang pecah 14 bagi menunjukkan 14 buah negeri baru bagi Persekutuan Malaysia.



ercantuman Sabah, Sarawak dan Singapura dengan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu telah melahirkan sebuah negara baru iaitu Malaysia. Bendera Malaysia telah dikibarkan dengan rasminya di seluruh negara untuk melambangkan lahirnya Melaysia pada 16 September, 1963.

Sungguhpun Singapura berpisah daripada Malaysia pada 9 Ogos 1965, namun jalur-jalur dan bintang pecah 14 terus dikekalkan hingga sekarang. Kini jalur-jalur dan bintang pecah 14 itu membawa maksud keanggotaan yang sama dalam Persekutuan 13 buah negeri dan Kerajaan Persekutuan.

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 Author| Post time 20-5-2013 08:15 AM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 19-5-2013 09:35 PM
wooo!! mcm seram aje.. tiba2 gelap kan??

good info miss nov!!

Masa tu 1780 diorg ingat dah Day of Judgement...scary kan?
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Post time 20-5-2013 08:35 AM | Show all posts
May 20, 1932: Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across Atlantic



May 20, 1932: Aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across Atlantic on this day in 1932 C five years before she mysteriously disappeared.
The American celebrity adventurer took off from Newfoundland, in eastern Canada, and spent 14 hours and 56 minutes in the air before landing in Northern Ireland.
Earhart, 34, C nicknamed Lady Lindy due to her likeness to the first transatlantic aviator Charles Linbergh C was filmed by British Path being cheered by villagers.
She is also seen grinning as she shook hands with farm labourer Dan McCallion, who first asked in his identifying Irish brogue: Have you flown far?
She had hoped to emulate Lindberghs feat and land near Paris C but was forced to come down near Londonderry after her Lockheed Vega plane began leaking fuel.
The footage also shows her in London, which was described by the plummy-voiced Path reporter as pelting with rain, thunder and lightning, good old English weather.

Amelia Earhart with Mr and Mrs Laughlin, the first people she met after her solo trans-Atlantic flight ended in

The newsreel also included a clip of her landing in Wales four years earlier when she became the first woman to fly over the Atlantic as part of a crew.
Her 1928 endeavour C made while she was still social worker with a flying hobby C propelled her to fame.
But the former Crayola heiress, whose family blew the fortune before she could inherit anything, is probably best known today for her disappearance.

She vanished on July 2, 1937, while flying over the Pacific during her attempt to circumnavigate the globe.
Neither her body nor her plane has ever been discovered, although debris found last year suggests she may have plunged into the ocean near Nikumaroro island.

sumber : http://uk.news.yahoo.com/on-this ... 542864.html#ZTxP3FL

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 Author| Post time 20-5-2013 08:40 AM | Show all posts
ciksurie posted on 20-5-2013 08:35 AM
May 20, 1932: Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across Atlantic

  

dia hilang mcm tu je ke @ciksurie ?

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Post time 20-5-2013 08:52 AM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 20-5-2013 08:40 AM
dia hilang mcm tu je ke @ciksurie ?

a'ah...yg kiter baca...dia hilang dlm penerbangan dia
ader teori mengatakan bangkai kapal terbangnya dijumpai
tapi tiada kesahihan...

Ada satu filem tentang tentang kisah hidup Amelia
"Amelia" pada 2009 yg bintangi oleh Hilary Swank, Richard Gere, Ewan McGregor



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Post time 20-5-2013 09:49 AM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 20-5-2013 08:15 AM
Masa tu 1780 diorg ingat dah Day of Judgement...scary kan?

tula... kalau la jadi time skang.. sure panic gila..
and huru hara la jawabnya... sbb semua takut tak sempat nak bertaubat..


dah la tu slow2 matahari naik wrna kemerahan plak...

tp certain area aje la kan kat situ..

and sicne its 1780s.. xde gambar jelas..  utk evidence


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Post time 20-5-2013 09:54 AM | Show all posts
ciksurie posted on 20-5-2013 08:52 AM
a'ah...yg kiter baca...dia hilang dlm penerbangan dia
ader teori mengatakan bangkai kapal terbang ...

ada baca gak pasal dia..
last year google ada buat front page khas utk dia time birthday tu

time tu la i terbaca kesah kehilangan beliau..

Last edited by cikatilia on 20-5-2013 09:55 AM

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Post time 20-5-2013 04:00 PM | Show all posts
aci tak letak gini

Historical Events on 20th May

325 - 1st Christian ecumenical council opens at Nicaea, Asia Minor
1217 - The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.
1293 - Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed
1293 - King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcal.
1303 - Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to British in Hundred Years War
1310 - Shoes were made for both right & left feet
1347 - Rienzo calls Rome for people's tribunal
1495 - French King Charles VIII leaves Naples
1498 - Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calcutta India
1501 - Joao da Nova Castell discovers Ascension Islands
1521 - Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded by a cannon ball
1524 - Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
1570 - Egidius Coppens publishes Abraham Ortelius' "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum"
1571 - Venice, Spain & Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
1591 - Spanish troops in Zutphen surrenders to Willem Louis/Mauritius
1609 - Shakespeare's Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.
1631 - Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years' War.
1639 - Dorchester Mass, forms 1st school funded by local taxes
1690 - England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II
1704 - Elias Neau forms school for slaves in NY
1734 - 1st Jockey Club forms in SC
1774 - Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio
1775 - Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence of Britain
1784 - England & Netherlands signs peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
1825 - Charles X becomes King of France
1830 - 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)
1830 - D Hyde patents fountain pen
1835 - Otto is named the first modern king of Greece.
1840 - York Minster was badly damaged by fire
1845 - 1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
1845 - HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.
1861 - Cornerstone of University of Washington laid in Seattle
1861 - Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War
1861 - North Carolina becomes 11th & last state to secede from Union
1861 - US marshals appropriate previous year's telegraph dispatches, to reveal prosecessionist evidence
1862 - Homestead Act provides cheap land for settlement of West
1864 - Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured
1864 - Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured
1867 - Brit parliament rejects John Stuart Mills law on women's suffrage
1867 - Royal Albert Hall foundation laid by Queen Victoria
1868 - Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
1870 - Second Chamber abolishes capital punishment
1873 - Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent first blue jeans with copper rivets
1875 - Intl Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
1879 - 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37
1882 - Germany/Austria-Hungary/France sign Triple Alliance
1882 - Henrik Ibsen's "Ghosts" (Gengangere) premieres in Chicago
1882 - St Gotthard-railroad tunnel between Switzerland & Italy opens
1891 - History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope.
1892 - George Sampson patents clothes dryer
1892 - Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy & Austria forms
1895 - 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, NYC)
1896 - The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others.
1900 - 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)
1902 - Cuba gains independence from Spain
1902 - US military occupation of Cuba (since Jan 1, 1899) ends
1910 - Funeral for Britain's King Edward VII
1911 - Edwin Boaler Alletson hits 189 in 90 mins Notts v Sussex
1913 - 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4
1915 - Bataafsche Petroleum Me begins oil extraction of Maracaibo
1916 - Codell, Kansas hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 & 1918)
1916 - Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
1917 - Turkish government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv & Jaffa
1918 - 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
1919 - Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550
1920 - Policemen raid the Cubs' bleachers & arrest 24 fans for gambling
1922 - "Egypt" sinks off Ushant after colliding with "Seine," killing 90
1922 - Babe Ruth & Bob Meusel, suspended on October 16, 1921, by Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis, return to the NY lineup & go hitless
1923 - Stanley Baldwin, becomes PM of UK
1926 - Belgian government of Jaspar takes power
1926 - Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots & planes
1926 - Railway Labor Act became law
1926 - Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies
1927 - At 7:40 AM, Lindbergh takes off from NY to cross Atlantic for Paris
1927 - Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jedda)
1930 - 1st airplane catapulted from a dirigible, Charles Nicholson, pilot
1930 - University of California dedicates $1,500 to research on prevention & cure of athlete's foot
1932 - Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic
1932 - Engelbert Dollfuss becomes chancellor of Austria
1939 - "3 Little Fishies," by Kay Kyser hits #1
1939 - 1st regular transatlantic airmail (Pan Am: NY to Marsseille France)
1940 - Gen Guderians tanks reach The Channel (British expeditionary army)
1940 - Soccer team HZVV forms in Hoogeveen
1940 - Trailing 7-1 in 9th to Pitts, Phils win 8-7
1941 - Archer's "Christian Calendar & Gregorian Reform" published
1941 - Former Dutch PM Colijn says Neth Indies not ready for independence
1941 - Germany invades Crete
1941 - White Sox Taft Wright sets AL record of RBIs in 13 consecutive games
1942 - US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
1943 - French, British & US victory parade in Tunis Tunisia
1944 - US Communist Party dissolves
1945 - Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
1946 - Cubs Claude Passeau makes his 1st error since September 21, 1941, ending pitcher's fielding record of 273 consecutive errorless chances
1948 - 1st use of Israeli Air Force & 1st war victory, defeating Syrian army
1948 - Cleve Indians tie AL record of 18 walks (beat Red Sox 13-4)
1950 - 76th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Prince wins in 1:59.2
1954 - Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China
1955 - Argentine parliament accepts separation of church & state
1956 - Atomic fusion (thermonuclear) bomb dropped from plane-Bikini Atoll
1956 - Jordan government of Samir resigns
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
1959 - Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car "Falcon"
1959 - Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship
1959 - Shah of Persia visits Netherlands
1959 - Yanks sink to last place, 1st time since May 25, 1940
1960 - Baseball game in Milwaukee postponed due to dense fog
1961 - 87th Preakness: Johnny Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 1:57.6
1961 - Henzes opera "Elegy for Young Lovers," premieres in Schwetzingen
1961 - Mauritania adopts constitution
1961 - White mob attacks "Freedom Riders" in Montgomery, Alabama
1962 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Muskogee Civitan Golf Open
1963 - Sukarno appointed president of Indonesia
1964 - Buster Mathis defeats Joe Fraizer to qualify for US Olympic team
1965 - Pakistani Boeing 720-B crashes at Cairo Egypt, killing 121
1965 - Yorkshire all out for 23 v Hampshire at Middlesbrough
1967 - 10,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam
1967 - 93rd Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Damascus wins in 1:55.2
1967 - BBC bans Beatle's "A Day in the Life" (drug references)
1969 - US troop capture Hill 937/Hamburger Hill Vietnam
1970 - 100,000 march in NY supporting US policies in Vietnam
1970 - 2 die in a NYC subway accident
1970 - Beatles' "Let it Be" movie premieres in UK
1971 - Pentagon reports blacks constitute 11% of US soldiers in SE Asia
1972 - "Different Times" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 24 performances
1972 - "Hard Job Being God" closes at Edison Theater NYC after 6 performances
1972 - 5th ABA Championship: Indiana Pacers beat NY Nets, 4 games to 2
1972 - 98th Preakness: Eldon Nelson aboard Bee Bee Bee wins in 1:55.6
1972 - Cameroon adopts its constitution
1972 - Republic of Cameroon declared as constitution is ratified
1973 - "2 Gentlemen of Verona" closes at St James Theater NYC after 613 perfs
1973 - 25th Emmy Awards: Waltons, All in the Family & Mary Tyler Moore
1973 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Bluegrass Golf Invitational
1974 - Soyuz 14 returns to Earth
1976 - USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1978 - 104th Preakness: Steve Cauthen aboard Affirmed wins in 1:54.4
1978 - 3 PFLP members kill a cop near El Al airlines in Orly Airport, Paris
1978 - US launches Pioneer Venus 1; produces 1st global radar map of Venus
1979 - "I Love My Wife" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 864 perfs
1979 - 1st western pop star to tour USSR-Elton John
1979 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Coca-Cola Golf Classic
1980 - 710 families in Love Canal area (Niagara Falls NY) are evacuated
1980 - Drummer Peter Criss quits Kiss
1980 - Fire in nursing home in Kingston Jamaica, kills 157
1980 - In a referendum, 59.5% of Quebec voters reject separatism
1981 - Ipswich Town wins 10th UEFA Cup at Amsterdam
1983 - Larry Holmes beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1983 - Michael Dokes & Mike Weaver fight to a draw in 15 for hw boxing title
1983 - Phillies Steve Carlton passes W Johnson with 2nd most strike outs
1984 - "On Your Toes" closes at Virginia Theater NYC after 505 performances
1984 - Barb Bunkowsky wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Classic
1984 - Boston's Roger Clemens beats Twins, 5-4, for his 1st victory
1985 - 1150 Lebanese/Palestinian prisoners exchanged for 3 Israelis
1985 - Dow Jones industrial avg closes above 1300 for 1st time
1985 - FBI arrests John A Walker Jr, convicted of spying for USSR
1985 - Indians-Brewers game at Cleve Stadium is 1st rain-out of 1985, ends record string of 458 ML games since Opening Day without a rain-out
1985 - Israel exchanges 1,100+ Arab prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers
1985 - Larry Holmes beats Carl Williams in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1985 - US began broadcasts to Cuba on Radio Marti
1986 - Christy Fichtner, 23, (Texas), crowned 35th Miss USA
1986 - Flintstones 25th Anniversary Celebration airs on CBS-tv
1987 - Gutenborg wins 16th UEFA Cup at Dundee
1987 - Wrestler Jerry Lawler sues WWF & Harley Race for trademark name "king"
1988 - Howard Stern fans disrupt WMMR's & John DeBella's "Louie Louie" parade
1988 - Mike Schmidt hits his 535th HR, moving into 8th place
1989 - 115th Preakness: Pat Valenzuela aboard Sunday Silence wins in 1:53.8
1989 - China declares martial law in Beijing
1989 - Toonces The Cat takes the wheel on Saturday Night Live
1989 - Walter McConnel, 57, is oldest to reach 27,000' Mt Everest top
1990 - "Truly Blessed" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 33 performances
1990 - Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Planters Pat Bradley Golf International
1990 - Hubble Space Telescope sends 1st photograph's from space
1991 - Chic Bull Michael Jordan, named NBA's MVP
1991 - Jeff Reardon gains his 300th career save
1991 - Soviet parliament approves law allowing citizens to travel abroad
1992 - FC Barcelona wins 373 Europe Cup 1 at London
1992 - India launches its 1st satellite independently
1992 - Rap singer raps 597 syllables in under 60 seconds
1993 - 10m meteor comes within 150,000 km of Earth (1993KA)
1993 - 274th & final "Cheers" on NBC
1993 - Ukraine Premier Leonid Koetsjma resigns
1994 - Bobcat Goldthwait charged with misdemeanors for fire on Tonight Show
1994 - Miss India (Sushmita Sen) selected Miss Universe
1994 - Sony Theaters & Cineplex (NYC) hike movie ticket prices to $8.00
1995 - 121st Preakness: Pat Day aboard Timber Coutry wins in 1:54.4
1995 - CBS News fires co-anchor Connie Chung
1995 - Twins Marty Cordova ties rookie record of HRs in 5 consecutive games
1997 - Cosmos Zenit-2 Launch (Russia), Failed
1997 - Thor-2A Delta 2 Launch (Norway/USA), Successful
1997 - White Sox Frank Thomas reaches base safely for 15th straight time
2002 - The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself was the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).
2012 - Tomislav Nikolić elected president of Serbia
2012 - 6.0 magnitude earthquake kills 6 and injures dozens in northern Italy

Sumber: http://www.historyorb.com/events/may/20

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Post time 20-5-2013 04:53 PM | Show all posts
Spiral posted on 20-5-2013 04:00 PM
aci tak letak gini

Historical Events on 20th May



sekali sapu utk 20th may ye??
keji yus..
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 Author| Post time 21-5-2013 08:02 AM | Show all posts
Spiral posted on 20-5-2013 04:00 PM
aci tak letak gini

Historical Events on 20th May

mmg dah betul tp general sgt. Cth ambik 1 tajuk pastu cari info mcm pic or video, detail dan source. Bole tgk contoh2 forumer lain yg dah dah post sebelum ni.
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Post time 21-5-2013 08:43 AM | Show all posts
21 May 1991

Rajiv Gandhi's assassination 1991


Was reading about the 1991 Rajiv Gandhi's assassination and thought of sharing here how the Indian Police, solved the case.Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated on May 21, 1991, at Sriperumbudur near Chennai, by belt-bomb assassin Dhanu who belonged to the LTTE.A day after the murder, a forensic expert, Professor P Chandrasekharan, revealed that the killer was a woman who had acted as a human bomb by wearing a denim belt loaded with RDX.On May 24, 1991, the CBI formed the Special Investigation Team under D R Karthikeyan, the senior Central Bureau of Investigation officer.



sumber : http://suganthi8383.blogspot.com ... ssination-1991.html


















Rajiv Gandhi, the 46-year-old former Indian prime minister, has been assassinated.
He was campaigning for the Congress Party on the second day of voting in the world's largest democratic election when a powerful bomb, hidden in a basket of flowers, exploded killing him instantly.

At least 14 other people were also killed in the attack in the town of Sriperumbudur, about 30 miles from Madras, the capital of the southern state of Tamil Nadu.
No-one has admitted carrying out the murder but it is being blamed on Mr Gandhi's arch enemies, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), a violent guerrilla group fighting for a separate homeland for Tamils on the island of Sri Lanka.
End of a dynasty

Rajiv Gandhi's death has shocked the world and marks the end of the Nehru dynasty that had led India for all but five years since independence from Britain.
After his brother Sanjay was killed in an air crash in 1980, he gave up his job as an airline pilot and was elected to Sanjay's parliamentary seat.
He became prime minister after his mother, Indira Gandhi, was assassinated by her own Sikh bodyguards in 1984.
Often seen as a reluctant leader, he and his Congress Party won a record majority later that year.

He encouraged foreign investment, a freer economy and rejuvenated his own party, ridding it of his mother's unelected cronies.
After he lost the election in 1989, Rajiv Gandhi resigned.

This time, the Congress Party was expected to win the largest number of parliamentary seats - but not overall control - against the Hindu BJP Party and the Janata Dal, now split into two parties.

The campaign has been marred by sectarian violence between Hindus and Muslims in what has proved to be the most violent election in Indian history. Two hundred people have already been killed.

It later emerged that a female Tamil Tiger (LTTE) suicide bomber had assassinated Rajiv Gandhi.
In 1987 Mr Gandhi, then prime minister, had sent Indian peacekeeping forces to Sri Lanka in a disastrous attempt to impose peace in the country. The move proved unpopular both at home and abroad and his troops pulled out in 1990.

A year after Mr Gandhi's death, the Tamil Tigers were outlawed in India.
PV Narasimha Rao, succeeded Gandhi as Congress leader and became India's prime minister later that year.
After a number of bribery scandals, the party was heavily defeated in the 1996 elections. But its popularity was revived in 1998 by Mr Gandhi's Italian-born widow Sonia who took over as leader and returned the party to power in the 2004 elections.
She refused to become prime minister herself, however, and the job went to former finance minister Manmohan Singh.

sumber : http://incidentstookplaceinindia ... i-assasination.html


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 Author| Post time 21-5-2013 08:50 AM | Show all posts
ciksurie posted on 21-5-2013 08:43 AM
21 May 1991

Rajiv Gandhi's assassination 1991

1st pic tu Dhanu kan?

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Post time 21-5-2013 09:00 AM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 21-5-2013 08:50 AM
1st pic tu Dhanu kan?

a'ah Dhanu @ nama sebenar dier  Thenmozhi "Gayatri" Rajaratnam
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Post time 21-5-2013 09:01 AM | Show all posts
Spiral posted on 20-5-2013 04:00 PM
aci tak letak gini

Historical Events on 20th May

spiral..lama tarak nampak
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Post time 21-5-2013 10:56 AM | Show all posts
ciksurie posted on 21-5-2013 09:01 AM
spiral..lama tarak nampak

surie pun lama tarak nmpk.. nah munge


Bob Marley's funeral, 21 May 1981:  a day of Jamaican history
Richard Williams was at Bob Marley's funeral 30 years ago in Jamaica. He recalls an extraordinary carnival of music,  prayer and full Rasta pageantry

Bob Marley in 1975, two years before he was diagnosed with the malignant melanoma that would lead to his death in May 1981. Photograph: Jonathan Player/ Rex Features

            They buried Bob Marley on 21 May 1981 at Nine Mile, the village where, 36 years earlier, he had been born. His heavy bronze coffin was carried to the top of the highest hill in the village and placed in a temporary mausoleum painted in the colours of red, green and gold. Alongside Marley's embalmed corpse, the casket contained his red Gibson Les Paul guitar, a Bible opened at Psalm 23, and a stalk of ganja placed there by his widow, Rita, at the end of the funeral ceremony earlier in the day.
On the night of his death, on 11 May, I had gone to the Island Records studios in an old church in Notting Hill, west London, where Aswad had been cutting tracks in the very basement studio where Bob had completed Catch A Fire, his breakthrough album, nine years earlier. But it was long after midnight, and the musicians had gone home after watching the tributes to the dead man hurriedly assembled by the British TV networks. The only people left were a caretaker and one of Aswad's roadcrew, both Jamaicans.
"A sad day," I said, unable to think of anything more profound or perceptive.
They raised their eyes, and the roadie paused in the middle of rolling his spliff.
"Jah give," he replied, "and Jah take away."
That was the mood in Kingston when Marley's body arrived on a flight from Miami a few days later. There was no reason to grieve, the Rastas told anyone who expressed sorrow. Death meant nothing. Bob hadn't gone anywhere. He was still among us.
The announcement of the country's national budget was postponed by several days  to accommodate Marley's state funeral. Invitations had to be sent out, the mausoleum had to be  constructed, and security had to be organised at the National Arena, where the main ceremony would be held. And the prime minister, Edward Seaga, had to prepare his eulogy.
On the day before the funeral, the coffin was placed in the arena, a large, gymnasium-like building. The lid was open and the public C an estimated 100,000 of them C were allowed to file past to take a final look. Marley's head was once more covered with dreadlocks; but this was a wig which covered his bald skull, his own hair having been lost during his treatment for cancer in New York, Miami, Mexico, and finally the Bavarian clinic of Dr Josef Issels, following the diagnosis of a malignant melanoma four years earlier.
In Jamaica, everyone claimed to be Bob's friend. "Sure I knew him," the cab driver who picked me up at Norman Manley Airport said. "He smoked the herb of life." And he passed his spliff over his shoulder to his friend in the back seat, a uniformed policeman.
The day of the funeral began with an hour-long service for family and close friends at the Ethiopian Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity on Maxfield Avenue, presided over by His Eminence Abuna Yesehaq, the church's archbishop in the western hemisphere, who had baptised Marley in New York the previous November, just after his last triumphal concerts at Madison Square Garden. Bob's baptismal name was Berhane Selassie C "Light of the Trinity".
At the end of the short service the coffin was transported to the National Arena, where the 6,000-strong congregation were assembling under the eyes of cameras and reporters from around the world. Above the entrance, a huge banner proclaimed: "Funeral Service of the Honourable Robert Nesta Marley, OM". The Order of Merit had been conferred  a few weeks before his death.
The casket was carried into the hall on the shoulders of a score of white-jacketed guards of the Jamaica Defence Force. Inside and out in the street, a powerful public address system blasted out Bob's records, while in the surrounding avenues the hawkers of badges, posters, soft drinks and ganja worked the large numbers of people  who had arrived without invitations and were prepared, if they could not get in, to listen to the ceremony as it was relayed by the loudspeakers.
"Babylon system is a vampire," Bob's voice wailed as the coffin was deposited on a trestle table in the middle of the broad stage and covered with two flags, the green, gold and black of Jamaica and the red, green and gold of Ethiopia. The decorations were the work of Neville Garrick, the creator of all the Wailers' album cover art from 1976's Rastaman Vibration to 1980's Uprising. The balconies were open to the public, and filled up quickly, but on the floor the rows of chairs were marked with signs: Family, Government, Press, Twelve Tribes of Israel, Musicians.
Photographers swiftly surrounded Cedella Booker, Bob's mother, in whose Miami home he had died, as she took her place. She was followed by his widow and some of his children, including his sons Ziggy, aged 12, the nine-year-olds Steve and Robert Junior, born to different mothers, and Julian, aged five, and his daughters Cedella, 13, and Stephanie, six. Applause saluted the entry of Michael Manley, the former prime minister, whose pro-Cuban policies had provoked the disastrous enmity of the US government and the International Monetary Fund, and who had been deposed by Seaga at an election six months earlier.
The Rastafarians, in particular, still saw Manley as a friend of the oppressed, and there was an obvious contrast with the polite but tepid response accorded to Seaga, who hurried to his seat surrounded by uniformed guards. The governor-general of Jamaica,Sir Florizel Glasspole, ON, GCMG, CD, the Queen of England's official representative, arrived from his residence, the palatial Devon House, to provide an appropriate symbol of the island's colonial history, a living reminder that the ancestors of most of those present had been brought from Africa four centuries earlier to form the world's only entirely slave-based economy.
The formal guard of the Ethiopian church, elderly men and women in white robes, took their places around the coffin and the centre of the stage was soon filled with the church's elders, in robes of varied and vivid design. On the right of the platform a riser had been built for the choir and for the United Africa Band, a group consisting of several percussionists, a bass guitarist and organist, directed by Brother Cedric Brooks. To the left, another riser was covered with amplifiers, keyboards and drums, all stencilled with the legend "Bob Marley and the Wailers".
A voice came over the loudspeakers. "Brothers and sisters, this is a funeral service for the late Bob Marley. Please don't forget that. The selling of all merchandise must stop now." In the row in front of me, the producer Harry J, accompanied by his latest protegee, the singer Sheila Hilton, was in conversation with a  Rasta wearing a red, green and gold tam o'shanter. "There has to be a revolution to get a solution," the Rasta proclaimed. Harry J didn't seem to be entirely in agreement. I wondered if, under the armpit of his glossy silk suit, he was stillpacking the silver Smith & Wesson revolver I'd seen him remove from the glove compartment of his Oldsmobile as he took Chris Blackwell and me to a Catch A Fire session in his studio nine years earlier, the day after Marley and Blackwell had signed the deal that would set the whole phenomenon in motion.
A little while after the scheduled hour of 11 o'clock, the service began with an Anglican hymn, "O God, Our Help in Ages Past", accompanied by the drummers of the United Africa Band. As the familiar 18th-century melody C written by William Croft, an Oxford scholar and composer to Queen Anne, whose remains lie in Westminster Abbey C died away, the archbishop, standing beneath a parasol held by an acolyte, began to read passages from the Anaphora of John, Son of Thunder and the Anaphora of St Mary, rendered in Ge'ez, the ancient tongue of Ethiopia, and Amharic.
The governor-general stepped forward, a small, portly figure, to read the first lesson, taken from 1 Corinthians: "The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death." The congregation sang another hymn, coincidentally a favourite of Elvis Presley: "Then sings my soul, my Saviour God, to Thee/ How great Thou art, how great Thou art." Manley read from 1 Thessalonians: "Therefore, brethren, we were comforted over you in all our affliction and distress by your faith/ For now we live, if ye stand fast in the Lord."
Then, to the delight of the Rastas  in the balcony, it was the turn of the dreadlocked Allan "Skill" Cole, Jamaica's finest footballer and one of the dead man's closest friends. Cole was wearing the raiment of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, a popular sub-sect of Rastafari founded in Jamaica in the late 1960s and with whom Marley had long been associated; his inclusion in the proceedings had been tolerated by the Ethiopian elders, to whom the Rasta doctrines represented a form of heresy, only under protest. He had been scheduled to read from Psalm 68, which bears the subtitle "To the chief musician, a psalm or song of David".
Instead he announced that he proposed to deliver passages from Corinthians and Isaiah particularly dear to Rastafarian hearts. Mutterings and shufflings among the church dignitaries on the platform were answered by sounds of delighted approval from the congregation. Their mood turned to boisterous glee as the footballer refused to heed urgent requests to leave the platform, continuing with his reading before returning to his seat amid the sounds of triumph.
The archbishop, clearly annoyed, recovered his composure in time to read the Beatitudes C "Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven" C and to lead the Lord's Prayer before Seaga delivered a eulogy memorable only for its closing benediction: "May his soul," intoned the man in the dark business suit, "rest in the arms of Jah Rastafari." Even the Twelve Tribes could scarce forbear to cheer this explicit recognition of their usually ignored presence within Jamaican society.
The archbishop's address contained an implicit rebuke of Skill Cole in a direct address to the Rastas in the hall. Why advocate repatriation to Africa, he demanded, when it would profit them more to work together for a better life in Jamaica? "Jah!" they shouted in defiance as he spoke. "Rastafari!"
The most extraordinary moment of the ceremony, the most beautiful and un-European, came after the members of Marley's old band mounted the stage. The I-Threes C Rita Marley, Judy Mowatt and Marcia Griffiths C sang "Rastaman Chant" to a ponderous and mournful rhythm before the Wailers, directed by the guitarist Junior Murvin, struck up "Natural Mystic".
It was during this song, while the crowd was getting to its feet and moving towards the stage to join what had suddenly been transformed from an obsequy to a celebration, that Ziggy and Stevie Marley could be seen dancing among the musicians. Identically dressed in maroon suits and white shoes, they performed joyous imitations of their late father's distinctive stage choreography, and the resemblance was such that the congregation gasped at the sight. When the engineer at the mixing desk superimposed a recording of Bob's voice above the band's heavyweight rhythm, the effect was hallucinatory.
Cedella Booker closed the service. Accompanied by two other women, she delivered "Amen" C written by Curtis Mayfield, whose music had inspired Marley's earliest efforts C in a powerful voice as her listeners swayed to the rhythm.
Then the musicians put down their instruments, lifted the coffin on to their shoulders and carried it through the hall and out into the roadway, where it was placed in a hearse, ready for the 50-mile journey to the place where Marley's life had begun.
As the cortege left Kingston, it passed by the house at 56 Hope Road whose walls still bore the scars from the bullets that narrowly failed to kill Marley in a politically motivated attack in 1976. On South Camp Road, outside the Alpha Boys School, where many of Jamaica's finest musicians had been taught to play by an inspiring teacher named Ruben Delgado,  pupils sang "No Woman, No Cry" as the procession headed towards Marcus Garvey Drive and out of the city on the road towards Spanish Town .
Crossing the parish of St Catherine to the town of Bog Walk, where the road splits right to Port Maria and left to Ocho Rios, the cars turned north-east through Moneague and past the 2,000ft peak of the mountain called Friendship, taking the left fork past Claremont and into the parish of St Ann, skirting the  foothills of the Dry Harbour Mountains and on through Brown's Town. All along the route, people came out of  houses, schools, farms and workshops to stand by the roadside. Finally, in  mid-afternoon, the dead man and his companions arrived at Nine Mile, a hamlet set at the end of a single-track road among gentle, verdant red-clay hills.
A helicopter buzzed overhead, carrying a film crew, their cameras trained on slopes covered with white-robed figures. Rastas from all over the island had set off early to be in place when the cortege arrived. Policemen fingered machine guns but disorder was minimal, despite the crush as the coffin was removed from the hearse and carried by many willing hands up to the small temporary mausoleum.
Nine Mile turned out to be no more than a scattering of shanties, with one or two bars and a small single-storey stone building consecrated, according to a handwritten sign, to the use of the Holy Baptist Church of the Fire of God of the Americas. This was a place where workers in the sugar plantations set in the flatlands towards the sea had built their homes and quietly cultivated their modest crops. It was here, on 6 February 1945, that Cedella Booker had brought Bob Marley into the world, and it was here, only a few paces away from the mausoleum, in a tiny two-room shack, that Bob and Rita had returned for a year at the end of the 1960s, to nurture their first child.
After a brief ceremony of interment, the convoy departed, followed by the police. Only the Rastas remained. For the last time, Junior Murvin and Neville Garrick climbed the low mound to the mausoleum, picking their way through empty Red Stripe cans, the music they helped to send around the globe throbbing from cassette players.
As the light began to fail, the vendors of ice creams and soft drinks packed their goods away. The thump of the helicopter's rotors receded. The white-robed members of the Twelve Tribes of Israel melted into the dusk. Bob had come home.
   
                                                Bob Marley 1945-1981  
1945 Born in Nine Mile, Jamaica to white Jamaican father Norval Sinclair Marley and black mother, Cedella Booker.
1955 Norval dies when Marley is 10. Marley acknowledges his mixed ethnic roots but identifies himself as a black African.
1960s Becomes a Rastafarian.
1963 Forms ska and rock steady group the Teenagers with Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, and three others. Marley, Wailer and Tosh went on to become the Wailers.
1966 Marries Rita Anderson.
1967 First daughter, Cedella, is born. Marley had 11 children in all.
1972 While on tour in London, the Wailers are dropped by their label, CBS. Marley  visits Island Records who promptly sign the band.
1973 The Wailers' first major album, Catch A Fire, is released worldwide. .
1974 Marley's profile is raised by Eric Clapton's cover of "I Shot the Sheriff". Shortly after, the Wailers break up. He continues to perform as "Bob Marley and the Wailers", with the I-Threes, three backing singers, among them his wife, Rita.
1975 "No Woman, No Cry", his first hit outside Jamaica, is released.
1976 Marley and Rita are wounded at their home on 56 Hope Road in a politically motivated shooting. They exile themselves to London for several years. Marley records Exodus and Kaya.
1977 Diagnosed with acral lentiginous melanoma. He keeps recording and performing until 1980.
1981 Dies in hospital in Miami, Florida.






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