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[INFORMASI] [LUBUK KREDIT] HARI INI DALAM SEJARAH

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Author: novelloverzz       Show all posts   Read mode

Post time 23-5-2013 12:25 PM | Show all posts
ultraman_nexus posted on 23-5-2013 12:20 PM
betol ke name awak?? saya men teke2 je...hehehe

aaa aa

wakakakakaka

ya benar


salam kenalan yah...
jom mesra2

hehe
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Post time 23-5-2013 02:15 PM | Show all posts
1430 - Joan of Arc was captured by Burgundians. She was then sold to the English.


Painting, ca. 1485. An artist's interpretation, since the only known direct portrait has not survived. (Centre Historique des Archives Nationales, Paris, AE II 2490)


Born        January 6, c. 1412 [1]
Domrmy, Duchy of Bar, Kingdom of France.[2]
Died        30 May 1431 (aged approx. 19)
Rouen, France
(then controlled by England)
Honored in        Roman Catholic Church
Anglican Communion[3]
Beatified        18 April 1909, Notre Dame de Paris by Pope Pius X
Canonized        16 May 1920, St. Peter's Basilica, Rome by Pope Benedict XV
Feast        30 May
Patronage        France ; martyrs; captives; military personnel; people ridiculed for their piety; prisoners; soldiers, women who have served in the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service); and Women's Army Corps


Joan of Arc, in French, Jeanne d'Arc, also called the Maid of Orleans, a patron saint of France and a national heroine, led the resistance to the English invasion of France in the Hundred Years War. She was born the third of five children to a farmer, Jacques d'Arc and his wife Isabelle in the town of Domremy on the border of provinces of Champagne and Lorraine. Her childhood was spent attending her father's herds in the fields and learning religion and housekeeping skills from her mother. Both parents were intensely pious.

When Joan was about 12 years old, she began to hear "voices" of St. Michael, St. Catherine, and St. Margaret, believing them to have been sent by God. These voices told her that it was her divine mission to free her country from the English and help the dauphin gain the French throne. They told her to cut her hair, dress in man's uniform and to pick up the arms.

By 1429, the English, with the help of their Burgundian allies, occupied Paris and all of France north of the Loire. The resistance was minimal due to lack of leadership and a sense of hopelessness. Henry V of England was claiming the French throne.

Joan convinced the captain of the dauphin's forces, and then the dauphin himself of her calling. After passing an examination by a board of theologians, she was given troops to command and the rank of captain. At the battle of Orleans Joan led the troops to a miraculous victory over the English. She continued fighting the enemy in other locations along the Loire. Later, Joan persuaded the dauphin that he should be crowned Charles VII. At the coronation she was given a place of honor next to the king.

In 1430 she was captured by the Burgundians while defending Compiegne near Paris and was sold to the English. The English, in turn, handed her over to the ecclesiastical court at Rouen to be tried for witchcraft, heresy and for wearing male clothing, which was considered an offense against the church. Joan was convicted and on May 30, 1431 she was burned at the stake in the Rouen marketplace. Charles VII made no attempt to come to her rescue.

In 1456 a second trial was held and she was pronounced innocent of the charges against her. She was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920.


source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_of_Arc
http://www.metrocity.com/personal/Vince/joan-of-arc-history.html

joan of arc versi filim



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Post time 23-5-2013 04:08 PM | Show all posts
23 MAY 2008

International Court of Justice (ICJ) Rules on Singapore-Malaysia Pedra Branca / Pulau Batu Puteh Case


In a historic moment marking a milestone in Malaysia-Singapore relations, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) has made its ruling on the dispute over the sovereignty and ownership of an island and its two rocky outcrops in the eastern entrance to the Straits of Singapore, off the South China Seas.

The three geographical entities that are the subjects of the claims from Singapore and Malaysia comprise :

    The island of Pedra Branca, referred to as Pulau Batu Puteh (Malay for 'white rock island') by Malaysia;
    Middle Rocks - an outcrop of rocks 0.6 nautical miles off Pedra Branca;
    South Ledge - an outcrop of rocks further to the south, visible only during low tide.

The ICJ made known its ruling in a two-hour brief starting at 23 May 2008 08:00 UTC at its headquarters in The Hague, Netherlands. The results awarded Pedra Branca to Singapore, Middle Rocks to Malaysia and left the question of who owns South Ledge unresolved. Specifically, the court found that "sovereignty over South Ledge belongs to the State in the territorial waters of which it is located", indicating that it considers the sovereignty of the waters surrounding South Ledge to be open to contention. The 16-member adjudication panel of judges voted as follows:

    Pedra Branca / Pulau Batu Puteh - 12 votes for Singapore vs 4 for Malaysia;
    Middle Rocks - 15 votes for Malaysia vs 1 for Singapore;
    South Ledge - 15 votes vs 1, for finding "that sovereignty over South Ledge belongs to the State in the territorial waters of which it is located.".


Both the Singapore and Malaysia governments had previously affirmed their mutual understanding that they will accept the ICJ's ruling and work to facilitate the operational management of the island which lies in a high-traffic sea-way for international maritime transport. The Horsburgh Lighthouse (named after Captain James Horsburgh, a hydrographer with the East India Company in the 19th Century) was erected on the island by the British in 1851 and is currently managed by Singapore.


Middle Rocks.


Pulau Batu Putih.



sumber artikel : http://www.map.sg/articles/icj-r ... ca-pulau-batu-puteh
sumber gambar : http://rakissanta.blogspot.com/2 ... is-more-better.html
sumber peta : http://ilreports.blogspot.com/20 ... ra-brancapulau.html

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Post time 24-5-2013 12:40 AM | Show all posts
On May 24, 1983, the 100-year anniversary of the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge was marked by parades, a flotilla of tall ships, and a massive Grucci fireworks show. President Ronald Reagan led a procession of vehicles across the bridge, repeating the route that President Chester Arthur had taken 100 years earlier.



The official Brooklyn Bridge Centennial Celebration 1883-1983 brochure, produced by the 1983 Brooklyn Bridge Centennial Commission. It lists dozens of exhibitions, lectures, and performances that ran from May to October, 1983.  The cover image was created by Andy Warhol for the Commission.  



The Brooklyn Public Library got into the festive spirit by redesigning its seasonal bulletin to be reminiscent of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.




A stamp printed in USA shows Brooklyn Bridge, centenary of Brooklyn Bridge, circa 1983





Commemorative T-Shirt (Brooklyn Bridge, 100th Birthday), 1983. Jersey fabric. Brooklyn Museum Archives, Exhibitions: The Great East River Bridge, 1883C1983.



We see the some of the 100th anniversary celebration for it on May 24, 1983. Thousands walking the FDR drive, a parade of boats and fireworks! Someone with a bullhorn gives a speech.


sumber  :
1) http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/brooklyn
2) http://brooklynology.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/post/2011/05/25/Brooklyn-Bridge-Centennial-Party-like-its-1983!.aspx
3) http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/research/brooklyn_bridge/objects/full.php?imgNo=50_04
4) http://www.123rf.com/photo_11582418_united-states-of-america--circa-1983-a-stamp-printed-in-usa-shows-brooklyn-bridge-centenary-of-brook.html

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Post time 24-5-2013 10:51 PM | Show all posts
24th may 1943

70 years ago
Josef Mengele becomes chief doctor at Birkenau, an extermination camp at Auschwitz, where he supervises medical experiments and is nicknamed Angel of Death.





NAME: Josef Mengele
OCCUPATION: War Criminal
BIRTH DATE: March 16, 1911
DEATH DATE: February 07, 1979
EDUCATION: University of Frankfurt am Main
PLACE OF BIRTH: Gnzburg, Germany
PLACE OF DEATH: Enseada da Bertioga, Brazil
BEST KNOWN FOR

Josef Mengele was a Nazi doctor at Auschwitz extermination camp who selected prisoners for execution in gas chambers and led medical experiments on inmates.









dia juga femes dgn pelbagai experiment keji & kejam.
An ardent Nazi, In 1943 Josef Mengele was appointed by Heinrich Himmler to be chief doctor at Birkenau, the supplementary extermination camp at Auschwitz, where he and his staff selected incoming Jews for labor or extermMengele used Auschwitz as an opportunity to continue his research on heredity, using inmates for human experimentation. He was particularly interested in identical twins; they would be selected and placed in special barracks. He recruited Berthold Epstein, a Jewish pediatrician, and Mikls Nyiszli, a Hungarian Jewish pathologist, to assist with his experiments.
As a forced-labor prisoner under Mengele's direction, Epstein proposed a study into treatments of the disease called noma that was noted for particularly affecting children from the camp.[15] While the exact cause of noma remains uncertain, it is now known that it has a higher occurrence in children suffering from malnutrition and a lower immune system response. Many develop the disease shortly after contracting another illness such as measles or tuberculosis.[16]
Mengele took an interest in physical abnormalities discovered among the arrivals at the concentration camp. These included dwarfs, notably the Ovitz family C the children of a Romanian artist, seven of whom were dwarfs. Prior to their deportation, they toured in Eastern Europe as the Lilliput Troupe.
Mengele's experiments also included attempts to change eye colour by injecting chemicals into children's eyes, various amputations of limbs, and other surgeries such as kidney removal, without anaesthesia.[17] Rena Gelissen's account of her time in Auschwitz details certain experiments performed on female prisoners around October 1943. Mengele would experiment on the chosen girls, performing sterilization and shock treatments. Most of the victims died, because of either the experiments or later infections.
Once Mengele's assistant rounded up fourteen pairs of Roma twins during the night. Mengele placed them on his polished marble dissection table and put them to sleep. He then injected chloroform into their hearts, killing them instantly. Mengele then began dissecting and meticulously noting each piece of the twins' bodies.[13]
At Auschwitz, Mengele did a number of studies on twins. After an experiment was over, the twins were usually killed and their bodies dissected. He supervised an operation by which two Roma children were sewn together to create conjoined twins; the hands of the children became badly infected where the veins had been resected; this also caused gangrene.[13]

Jewish twins kept alive to be used in Mengele's medical experiments. These children from Auschwitz were liberated by the Red Army in January 1945.
The subjects of Mengele's research were better fed and housed than ordinary prisoners and were, for the time being, safe from the gas chambers, although many experiments resulted in more painful deaths.[18] When visiting his child subjects, he introduced himself as "Uncle Mengele" and offered them sweets. Some survivors remember that despite his grim acts, he was also called "Mengele the Protector".[19]
Mengele also sought out pregnant women, on whom he would perform vivisections before sending them to the gas chambers.[20]
Former Auschwitz prisoner Alex Dekel has said:
I have never accepted the fact that Mengele himself believed he was doing serious work C not from the slipshod way he went about it. He was only exercising his power. Mengele ran a butcher shop C major surgeries were performed without anaesthesia. Once, I witnessed a stomach operation C Mengele was removing pieces from the stomach, but without any anaesthetic. Another time, it was a heart that was removed, again without anaesthesia. It was horrifying. Mengele was a doctor who became mad because of the power he was given. Nobody ever questioned him C why did this one die? Why did that one perish? The patients did not count. He professed to do what he did in the name of science, but it was a madness on his part.[21]
A former Auschwitz prisoner doctor has said:
He was capable of being so kind to the children, to have them become fond of him, to bring them sugar, to think of small details in their daily lives, and to do things we would genuinely admire.... And then, next to that,... the crematoria smoke, and these children, tomorrow or in a half-hour, he is going to send them there. Well, that is where the anomaly lay.[22]
The book Children of the Flames, by Lucette Matalon Lagnado and Sheila Cohn Dekel, chronicles Mengele's medical experimental activities on approximately 1,500 pairs of twins who passed through the Auschwitz death camp during World War II until its liberation at the end of the war. By the 1980s only 100 sets of these twins could be located. Many recalled his friendly manner towards them, and his gifts of chocolates. The older ones "recognized his kindness as a deceptionyet another of his perverse experiments to test (our) mental endurance."[23] He would also kill them without hesitation, sometimes administering injections to the children or shooting them himself, and would dissect them immediately afterwards. On one evening alone he killed fourteen twins.[12]
In 1960, Hans Sedlmeier returned from Asuncion, Paraguay, with a statement from Mengele that said, "I personally have not killed, injured or caused bodily harm to anyone." Mengele repeatedly insisted that he had not committed any crime, and that instead he had become a victim of a great injustice.[24][25]
In the 1985 documentary The Search For Mengele Wolfram Bossert, who befriended Mengele in Brazil,[26] claimed that Mengele said, "I didn't make any experiments, it's all lies. The people volunteered because they got more food if they allowed me to take blood samples." He also claimed that Mengele assured him that he "deserves a statue from the Jews because as a doctor in the camp he saved many Jewish lives."[27]nation and where he supervised medical experiments on inmates to discover means of increasing fertility (to increase the German race).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_Mengele
source: http://www.biography.com/people/josef-mengele-9405739

more news : http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007060 Last edited by cikatilia on 24-5-2013 10:55 PM

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 Author| Post time 25-5-2013 12:01 AM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 24-5-2013 10:51 PM
24th may 1943

70 years ago

scary dan kejamnya..
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Post time 25-5-2013 12:21 AM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 25-5-2013 12:01 AM
scary dan kejamnya..

kan??
kejam gila!!

dah experiment pi bunuh plak!!!

After an experiment was over, the twins were usually killed and their bodies dissected.

tp dia mati simple je.. xde sapa bunuh tp mati lemas/sakit jantung dlm air..

Mengele's health had been deteriorating for years, and he died on 7 February 1979, in Bertioga, Brazil, where he accidentally drowned, or possibly suffered a stroke, while swimming in the Atlantic. He was buried in Embu das Artes under the name "Wolfgang Gerhard", whose ID card he had used since 1976.[35]
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Post time 27-5-2013 09:12 AM | Show all posts
Walt Disney's "3 Little Pigs" released



Three Little Pigs is an animated short film released on May 27, 1933 by United Artists, produced by Walt Disney and directed by Burt Gillett. Based on a fairy tale of the same name, the Silly Symphony won the 1934 Academy Award for Best Short Subject: Cartoons. In 1994, it was voted #11 of the 50 Greatest Cartoons of all time by members of the animation field. In 2007, Three Little Pigs was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Plot

Practical Pig, Fiddler Pig and Fifer Pig are three brothers who build their own houses with bricks, sticks and straw respectively. All three of them play a different kind of musical instrument C Fifer Pig "toots his flute, doesn't give a hoot and plays around all day," Fiddler Pig "with a hey diddle diddle, plays on his fiddle and dances all kinds of jigs" and Practical Pig plays the piano. Fifer and Fiddler build their straw and stick houses with much ease and have fun all day. Practical, on the other hand, "has no chance to sing and dance for work and play don't mix," focusing on building his strong brick house, but his two brothers poke fun at him. An angry Practical warns them "You can play and laugh and fiddle. Don't think you can make me sore. I'll be safe and you'll be sorry when the Wolf comes through your door!" Fifer and Fiddler ignore him and continue to play, singing the now famous song "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?".
As they are singing, the Big Bad Wolf really comes by, and blows Fifer's house down (except for the roof). Fifer manages to escape and hides at Fiddler's house. The wolf pretends to give up and go home, but returns disguised as an innocent sheep. The pigs see through the disguise ("Not by the hair of our chinny-chin-chin! You can't fool us with that old sheep skin!"), whereupon the Wolf blows Fiddler's house down (except for the door). The two pigs manage to escape and hide at Practical's house. The Wolf arrives disguised as a Fuller Brush man to trick the pigs into letting him in, but fails. The Wolf then tries to blow down the strong brick house (losing his clothing in the process), but is unable. Finally, he attempts to enter the house through the chimney, but smart Practical Pig takes off the lid of a boiling pot filled with water (to which he adds turpentine) under the chimney, and the Wolf falls right into it. Shrieking in pain, the Wolf runs away frantically, while the pigs sing "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?" again. Then Practical plays a trick on the others by knocking on his piano, causing the other two pigs to think the Wolf has returned and hide under Practical's bed.

1st house di buat dari straw & stick

2nd hse made of woods

2rd hse dibuat dari brick


sumber: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Little_Pigs_(film)


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 Author| Post time 27-5-2013 11:21 AM | Show all posts
Yiruma married Son Hye-Im on May 27, 2007.[4] The piece "27.May" is about his marriage to Son Hye-Im. ("27.May" was released on an album in 2003, though) Son Hye-Im's younger sister is the Korean actress Son Tae-young, who attended Yirumas concert with her husband, Kwon Sang-woo,[5] while she was pregnant. Their daughter, Loanna, was born on Oct 7, 2007.[6]
On his spiritual viewpoint, Yiruma has stated, Im a Christian, and I am not a New-age artist. Most people misunderstand me. In his album H.I.S Monologue (2006), the artist composed a piece titled, Lord...Hold my Hand.[7]


may,27 is his wedding day!!
he looks so happy with beautiful fiance.
Note : song title is 27. may


Yiruma is the stage name of Lee Ru-ma (born February 15, 1978), an internationally-known pianist and composer from South Korea. Yiruma frequently performs at sold-out concerts in Asia, Europe and North America. His alma mater, King's College London, England helped him gain European popularity and recognition. Among his most popular pieces are "River Flows in You", "Kiss the Rain" and "May Be". Yiruma's most popular album, First Love, was released in 2001.
He began playing the piano at the age of five and moved to London when he was eleven, in 1988, to study at The Purcell School of Music. He held dual citizenship, South Korean and British, until 2006, when he gave up his UK citizenship to serve in the South Korean Navy.

"River Flows in You"


"Kiss the Rain"


"May Be"



Lee Ru-ma was born and raised in South Korea, and educated in England. Yiruma began playing the piano at the age of five, and subsequently moved to London at the age of eleven (1988), for the purpose of studying at The Purcell School of Music. In December 1996 he participated in the album The Musicians of Purcell (Decca). Graduating from Purcell School of Music in July 1997, Yiruma continued his musical aspirations and completed a Composition major from King's College London in June 2000. While studying at Kings College, this promising pianist released his first album "Love Scene" through DECCA records.


Additionally, during his time in college, he participated in a musical tour in Europe. Making a historical impact for his country, Yiruma was the first Korean artist to receive an invitation to perform at the 2002 MIDEM in Cannes, France. Early in his career, his albums were released in Europe and Asia, they are now available internationally through various online sources such as iTunes, Amazon, and Yiruma's recording label STOMP Records.


In 2001 he released his most popular album to date, "First Love". His #1 selling piece "River Flows in You" was on this album and since 2001 this piece has been released on two other albums (First Love [Repackaged] and Wedding Essentials: The Ceremony) Yiruma released his third album, From The Yellow Room in 2003. Pre-order sales topped 30,000 copies and the album was top-ranked on many popular music charts, including Yes24, Phono, and Hot Tracks. His 12-city Korean tour was a sellout, as well as his November concert at the Seoul National Arts Center.


His fourth album is POEMUSIC. In 2006, the following year, he composed a main theme piece for a popular KBS drama, Spring Waltz. In his fifth album, h.i.s monologue, he utilized prepared piano. Yiruma has composed soundtracks for musicals, films and plays. While being successful in the music industry, Yiruma decided to serve in the South Korean military. Hence, in 2006 he gave up his British citizenship and enlisted in the Korean Navy.


Upon completing his service in the Korean Navy, he began the 2008 Yiruma Come Back Tour, Ribbonized, in 20 cities across Korea. Additionally, on January 1, 2009, he became a DJ for KBS1FM Yiruma's Music from All Around the World.[1]


In September 2010, Yiruma gave Stomp Music a contract cancellation and signed with Sony Music Entertainment Korea. Stomp Music then filed an injunction to prohibit Yiruma from selling his music, and the request was accepted by the court in April 2011. Yiruma immediately filed an objection against the injunction, and the court finally gave Yiruma the upper hand.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yiruma



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Post time 27-5-2013 05:44 PM | Show all posts
Gempa bumi Yogyakarta 2006

Gempa Bumi Yogyakarta Mei 2006 adalah peristiwa gempa Bumi tektonik kuat yang mengguncang Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Jawa Tengah pada 27 Mei 2006 kurang lebih pukul 05.55 WIB selama 57 detik. Gempa Bumi tersebut berkekuatan 5,9 pada skala Richter. United States Geological Survey melaporkan bahwa gempa terjadi sebesar 6,2 pada skala Richter.
sumber: http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gempa_bumi_Yogyakarta_2006

Tanggal        27 Mei 2006
Kekuatan        5.9 Mw
Negara yang terkena        Indonesia
Korban:        6,234 tewas








mcm kejap aje baru berlalu tp rupa2nya dah dekat 10 tahun!!!

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 Author| Post time 28-5-2013 03:35 PM | Show all posts
The May 2010 Lahore attacks also referred as Lahore Massacre occurred on May 28, 2010, in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, during Friday prayers. 94 people were killed and more than 120 were injured in nearly simultaneous attacks against two mosques of the minority Ahmadiyya Community. After the initial attack, a hostage situation lasted for hours.[1] Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, as well as their Punjab wing, claimed responsibility for the attacks and were also blamed by the Pakistani Police.



BackgroundThe Ahmadiyya movement was started in 1889 and follows the teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who they believe was sent by God as the Promised Messiah and Imam Mehdi prophesied in Islam "to end religious wars, condemn bloodshed and re-institute morality, justice and peace." It is estimated there are between 3 - 4 million Ahmadis in Pakistan.[3]

The Ahmadiyya Muslims have previously been targeted by Sunni groups, while they have also suffered discrimination in Pakistan in the past, most significantly during the Lahore riots of 1953.[4] Pakistan does not recognize the Ahmadis as Muslim, because the latter do not recognize the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad, a core tenet of mainstream Islam.[1] They were declared non-Muslim in Pakistan in 1973 by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and were legally banned from identifying themselves as such in 1984 during General Zia-ul-Haq's Islamization as per Ordinance XX, despite Ahmadis calling themselves Muslim and following the rituals of Islam.[5] The ban occurred when jihadist ideology became embedded in Pakistan's state and education system.[1] The Media in Pakistan are legally barred from referring to an Ahmadi place of worship as a Mosque.[6]

Human Rights group in Pakistan said that they had warned of threats to the Ahmadi community center in Model Town for more than a year, saying the government took inadequate steps to provide security.[3][7] The UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, Asma Jahangir; an independent expert on minority issues, Gay McDougall; and the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Philip Alston, claimed that because Ahmadis have been declared non-Muslims and have been subject to a number of restrictions, in many instances institutionalized discrimination, opinion makers are emboldened to seek to fuel hatred, and perpetrators of attacks against religious minorities find cannon fodder.[7] According to Minority Rights Group International, Pakistan had the world's highest increase of threats against minorities last year and was ranked the sixth most dangerous country for minorities overall.[8]

Lahore has also been the site of various interval attacks by militants, including on visiting Sri Lankan cricketers and the police academy, amongst others.

More pictures:



























Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_2010_attacks_on_Ahmadi_mosques_in_Lahore




Last edited by novelloverzz on 28-5-2013 03:36 PM

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Post time 29-5-2013 01:06 AM | Show all posts
29 MEI 1982
PEMBUKAAN RESTORAN MCDONALD'S PERTAMA DI MALAYSIA.


Restoran makanan segera McDonald's sudah ada di mana sahaja pelusuk dalam negara ini. Tidak kira bandar atau kampung, restoran yang memainkan lambang huruf 'M' ini pasti ditemui. Tapi, anda terfikir atau tidak, dimanakah restoran Mcdonald's pertama di buka di Malaysia?



Ia telah dibuka pada 29 Mei 1982 di Jalan Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur. Restoran yang beralamat di Lot 120-120A, Jalan Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur itu diuruskan oleh Golden Arches Restaurants Sdn Bhd. Sempena hari pembukaan yang bersejarah tersebut, restoran McDonald's Bukit Bintang telah menghadiahkan pelanggannya yang pertama sekali membeli burger Big Mac di Malaysia dengan memberinya satu Big Mac percuma pada setiap minggu selama setahun! Kenyang habis siapakah yang bertuah itu. Makan free siapa tidak mahu bukan?



Selain Big Mac, restoran McDonald's Bukit Bintang yang dibuka setiap hari dari pukul 8 pagi hingga 12 malam itu turut menjual hidangan lain seperti Fillet-O-Fish, French Fries, Apple Pie, Milkshake dan lain-lain lagi. menu tersebut sama seperti yang ada sekarang ini. Atas sambutan yang luar biasa dari pelanggan, McDonald's telah membuka satu lagi cawangannya di Plaza Yow Chuan, Jalan Pekeliling/Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur. Restoran terbabit dibuka pada setiap hari dari pukul 10am sehingga 10pm.

sumber : http://www.terowonginformasi.my/ ... lds-pertama-di.html

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Post time 29-5-2013 09:22 AM | Show all posts
29 May 1914


RMS Empress of Ireland ...  Sunk after colliding with another ship due to fog in 1914


Miss Tiria Townshend, age 17, of Blenheim, New Zealand, possibly the only New Zealander survivor of the Empress of Ireland sinking


Empress of Ireland - Passenger's List<  Sank in the St Lawrence 1914



Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence R; 1024 die

A tragedy almost equal to the Titanic's unfolded in the fog-shrouded St. Lawrence River in the spring of 1914, only a few months before the outbreak of the Great War.

[size=-2]The Empress of Ireland.   Credit
Ironically, had both ships involved exercised less caution, the accident would likely not have happened.The culprit was fog, but a fog peculiar to the St. Lawrence at this time of year, when the warm air of late spring encounters a river chilled by icy meltwater. The two main actors in the drama were the Canadian Pacific steamship Empress of Ireland, outbound from Quebec, and the Norwegian collier Storstad, steaming upriver and loaded to the waterline. Their stage was a stretch of water just east of Rimouski near the St. Lawrence's south shore, where the river opens up and navigation becomes simple and safer. The Empress, having just dropped her pilot at Father Point, was still quite close to shore. The Storstad, about to pick up her pilot for the voyage up river to Montreal, was hugging the coastline.
The ships sighted each other near 2:00 a.m. on May 29, until then a calm, clear night. On the bridge of the Empress of Ireland, Captain Henry Kendall guessed that the approaching ship was roughly eight miles away, giving him ample time to cross her bow before he set his course for more open water. When he judged he was safely beyond the collier's path, he did so. If he held his new course, the two ships should pass starboard side to starboard side, comfortably apart. Movements after he had executed this maneuver, a creeping bank of fog swallowed the Norwegian ship, then the Empress.
Although nothing like the Titanic in terms of size and elegance, the Empress of Ireland was the class of the Liverpool-Quebec City run that linked Canadian Pacific's steamships with its transcontinental railroad. Celebrities on board were few, notably the actor Laurence Irving, famous son of the legendary Henry, and his wife, the actress Mabel Hackney, returning from a successful Canadian tour. They and most of the other passengers, which included roughly 170 members of the Salvation Army heading to a big convention in London, were by this time of night sound asleep. So were most of the crew.

Worried by the fog and the proximity of the other ship, Captain Kendall gave three blasts on his whistle, indicating to the other ship that he was ordering his engines full astern. Soon the 14,191 ton liner had slowed to a crawl, but Kendall kept her bow pointing on the course he had chosen and waited for a clear sign that the other ship was safely past. The next thing he saw were two masthead lights materializing out of the murk to starboard and heading straight at him. The two ships were already too close to avoid a collision, but Kendall ordered a sharp turn to starboard in a vain attempt to swing his stern enough away from the approaching vessel that it would deliver a glancing blow. The impact when it came was deceptively gentle. The Storstad's bow, however, "had gone between the liner's steel ribs as smoothly as an assassin's knife," wrote James Croall in his account of the disaster. And the wound was fatal.
Water poured into the starboard side of the ship so fast that most of the people sleeping in starboard cabins didn't have a chance. There was no time for the prerogatives of class to be tested, beyond the simple reality that residents of the higher-up first-class cabins were more likely to have some chance of survival. As the Empress of Ireland listed sharply to starboard, water began rushing into portholes left open despite the rule requiring their closure once a voyage was under way. The list quickly became so extreme that only five or six boats could be successfully launched. After 10 minutes, the liner lurched and lay on her side with hundreds of passengers perched on her hull, a situation that momentarily seemed "like sitting on a beach watching the tide come in," according to one survivor. A mere 14 minutes after the collision, she sank. And by the time the last nearly frozen survivor had been fished from the water, the death toll was staggering. Of the 1,477 on board, 1,012 lost their lives, including 840 passengers, eight more than had died when the Titanic sank.
What had happened? According to the first mate of the Storstad, who didn't rouse his sleeping captain until after all the crucial decisions had been made, he and his colleagues on the bridge had distinctly seen the Empress of Ireland's red navigational light just before the fog closed in. If that were true, that red light meant her portside was showing, which signaled that the big ship had turned to pass them to portside. And this is what the men on the Storstad's bridge assumed. After a few minutes groping blindly forward, the Storstad's mate grew nervous and ordered the collier to turn to starboard, away from what he now presumed to be the other ship's course. In reality he was turning the Storstad into the Empress's side.
Captain Kendall, who had been thrown off his bridge when the ship lurched onto its beam ends, swore to his dying day that he had altered course cleanly and maintained it faithfully as the fog closed in. He always blamed Norwegian negligence for the disaster. "You have sunk my ship!" were practically the first words he uttered when he was pulled on board the Storstad to encounter her skipper. But perhaps his helmsman had swung her too far before she settled in on her proper course. Perhaps, as one of his crew later testified, there was a problem with the steering that caused his ship to wobble unpredictably on her course. Or perhaps the many lights of the brightly lit passenger vessel confused those on board the Storstad. No one will ever know for sure. For certain, fog had once again proved to be a treacherous enemy. Yet had the two ships simply kept their courses and held their speeds, they would have passed each other without incident.
Coming as it did so soon after the sinking of the Titanic, the loss of the Empress of Ireland underlined the difficulty of building a ship that couldn't sink, even of building a ship guaranteed to sink so slowly that rescue was inevitable. True, the Storstad was the worst imaginable ship that could collide with the liner. Her longitudinal bracing, designed to break through ice, made her a lethal weapon; the fact that she was fully loaded meant she punctured the Empress well below the waterline. (She penetrated the liner to a depth of at least 25 feet and left a gaping a hole at least 14 feet wide.) The Empress sank too fast for her safety features to be fully operational. She had enough lifeboats for all her passengers and crew but could not launch them in time. Many of her watertight doors, operated manually, could not be closed with the ship listing sharply and water rushing in.
But despite the scale of the tragedy, it never achieved anything like the Titanic's fame or enduring fascination. The Empress of Ireland was not a particularly famous or fashionable ship, and she sank so soon before the outbreak of the war that attention soon shifted to graver matters. The commission of inquiry, chaired by the same Lord Mersey who presided over the hearings into the sinking of both the Titanic and the Lusitania, was held in Quebec City, far from the international limelight. But the lessons from the Empress of Ireland's demise would have to be relearned barely 40 years later during the sinking of the Andrea Doria, when once again fog proved more than a match for the latest in seagoing technology.

Exploring the Empress of Ireland
[size=-2]by Robert Ballard
[size=-1]Today the Empress of Ireland lies in about 130 feet of water, well within the reach of scuba divers. But because the St. Lawrence is a frigid 34 degrees Fahrenheit even in summer and has tidal currents

[size=-2]The wreck of the Empress of Ireland.   Credit
[size=-1]that run up to five knots and can limit visibility, this is a dive for experts. Nevertheless, the Empress has been visited hundreds of times since it was "rediscovered" in the mid-1980s. Some divers have treated the wreck with respect and increased our knowledge of her tragedy; others have left a trail of senseless damage.[size=-1]Modern divers follow a highway that was blasted into the heart of the ship in the summer of 1914, mere weeks after the disaster. Canadian Pacific hired a salvage company to retrieve the first-class mail, the purser's safe and $150,000 in silver bullion (more than $2 million today). Descending through the explosion hole down to the first-class baggage and mail room, one will encounter a dangerous tangle of wire and an interior debris field of shattered suitcases and their decaying contents.
[size=-1]Although the ship rests on a gravel, sediment-free river bottom, the insides of the Empress of Ireland are half-hidden by the silt steadily deposited by the St. Lawrence River over the years. Because the ship rests at so sharp an angle, the starboard side of every interior room is buried, along with all the items set loose as the ship sank. In the mail room, one diver discovered a whole box of neatly bundled and tied newspapers, the paper still white, the type still readable, dated May 27, 1914, the day before the ship left port. The next time he returned, the silt had shifted, burying the evidence.
[size=-1]In the ship's dining saloon, oak chairs and tables appear to float in the silt like flotsam and the remains of light fixtures dangle from the steeply angled ceiling. In the adjoining pantry, most of the first-class china that was still in its racks as late as the early 1980s is now gone, as are most other moveable objects in the accessible regions of the wreck, including the ship's bell, one of its propellers, the main bridge telegraph and the telemeter. Sadly, some divers have taken the bones of the more than 1,000 people who died when the Empress of Ireland went down.


sumber : http://www.pbs.org/lostliners/empress.html

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 Author| Post time 29-5-2013 09:38 AM | Show all posts
39 Juventus's Fan Killed By Scousers in Heysel Brussels Tragedy

On May 29 1985, 39 football fans died when a wall collapsed at the Heysel stadium in Belgium. What should have been one of the greatest nights in the club's history turned into a nightmare.

Instead of leaving Brussels having seen our team lift a fifth European Cup, Liverpool supporters travelled back to England having witnessed the deaths of 39 football fans including 32 Italian fans of Juventus, four Belgians, two from France and one man from Northern Ireland.

Liverpool had objected to the choice of ground to stage the final well before the friendly banter outside the stadium began to turn nasty inside. Aside from the fact that the stadium appeared to be crumbling, Liverpool's main concern was that there was to be a neutral section of the ground set aside for football fans from Belgium. The club argued that only Liverpool and Juventus should be allocated tickets. Setting aside a neutral area would only lead to both sets of fans being able to buy tickets off Belgium touts thus creating a dangerous mixed area. As history has since proved, this neutral area was soon filled with Italian supporters.

As tempers became frayed inside the ground about an hour before kick off, both sets of fans baited each other through a segregating fence made from chicken wire. After a sustained period of missiles being thrown by both sets of supporters, some Liverpool fans charged at their Italian counterparts and, as chaos took over, Juventus fans fled only for a wall blocking their escape to collapse on top of them. Thirty-nine football supporters died where they fell.

Later that night, Juventus won the European Cup 1-nil. It's a match nobody wants to remember.

Kenny Dalglish, Liverpool's greatest ever player, will never forget what happened in Belgium though.

"The fact that fatalities might result wouldn't have occurred to the Liverpool fans when they ran across."

Dalglish admits that it wasn't until the following morning that the Liverpool players finally realised exactly what had happened inside the stadium.

"We saw the Italian fans crying, and they were banging on the side of our bus when we left the hotel," he recalls. "When we left Brussels, the Italians were angry, understandably so; 39 of their friends had died. I remember well one Italian man, who had his face right up against the window where I was sitting. He was crying and screaming. You feel for anybody who loses someone in those circumstances. You go along to watch a game. You don't go along expecting that sort of ending, do you? Football's not that important. No game of football is worth that. Everything else pales into insignificance."

Almost 20 years after that terrible day, Liverpool and Juventus were drawn together again for the first time in the quarterfinals of the Champions League. It was if fate had brought the two teams together to join forces and honour those who had lost their lives at Heysel.

"There is a friendship between the two clubs and supporters," Liverpool Chief Executive Rick Parry revealed after the draw had been announced. "As soon as the draw paired us together for the first time in 20 years, memories of the Heysel Stadium disaster were naturally in people's minds, both in Turin and here on Merseyside. The two clubs built bridges and forged powerful links after Heysel. The bond between us remains strong, but we still want all Juventus fans to know that we are very sorry about the fact that 39 people lost their lives. We moved forward in a spirit of friendship after Heysel and the clubs continue to work together in a spirit of mutual respect."

May 29th remains a day of remembrance for both Juventus and Liverpool supporters.















In Memoria e Amicizia
In Memory and Friendship



  • Rocco Acerra
  • Bruno Balli
  • Alfons Bos
  • Giancarlo Bruschera
  • Andrea Casula
  • Giovanni Casula
  • Nino Cerullo
  • Willy Chielens
  • Giuseppina Conti
  • Dirk Daenecky
  • Dionisio Fabbro
  • Jacques Fran&ccedil;ois
  • Eugenio Gagliano
  • Francesco Galli
  • Giancarlo Gonnelli
  • Alberto Guarini
  • Giovacchino Landini
  • Roberto Lorentini
  • Barbara Lusci
  • Franco Martelli
  • Loris Messore
  • Gianni Mastrolaco
  • Sergio Bastino Mazzino
  • Luciano Rocco Papaluca
  • Luigi Pidone
  • Bento Pistolato
  • Patrick Radcliffe
  • Domenico Ragazzi
  • Antonio Ragnanese
  • Claude Robert
  • Mario Ronchi
  • Domenico Russo
  • Tarcisio Salvi
  • Gianfranco Sarto
  • Giuseppe Spalaore
  • Mario Spanu
  • Tarcisio Venturin
  • Jean Michel Walla
  • Claudio Zavaroni
Rest in Peace

Source: http://www.liverpoolfc.com/history/heysel
Last edited by novelloverzz on 29-5-2013 09:56 AM

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Post time 30-5-2013 12:42 PM | Show all posts
bianglala posted on 29-5-2013 01:06 AM
29 MEI 1982
PEMBUKAAN RESTORAN MCDONALD'S PERTAMA DI MALAYSIA.

wahhh first mekdi..
i did remember makan mekdi masa kecil2

apakah yg ini?
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Post time 30-5-2013 12:53 PM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 30-5-2013 12:42 PM
wahhh first mekdi..
i did remember makan mekdi masa kecil2

mungkin jugak. cika pergi dengan siapa? parents? cuba tanya, kalau-kalau orang yang bawak tu, ingat.

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Post time 30-5-2013 02:06 PM | Show all posts
bianglala posted on 30-5-2013 12:53 PM
mungkin jugak.  cika pergi dengan siapa? parents? cuba tanya, kalau-kalau orang yang bawak tu, i ...

dgn parents la of cos.. hehehe rasanya around tahun 86++
yg pasti iols skolah rendah lagi..


makan fries, eskem.. best sgt

tp zaman tu mekdi mahal kot lagi kan sbb mana de mcvalue lunch bagei
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Post time 31-5-2013 12:35 PM | Show all posts
31st May, 2012 : Interpol has added Luke Rocco Magnotta, suspected killer, to their most wanted list. Magnotta is suspected of murdering Jun Lin, a Chinese student who was possibly in a relationship with him, and sending body parts of the victim to political party offices in Ottawa. Magnotta had fled Canada was found by police in Berlin and was taken into custody on June 4th .

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luka_Magnotta

Luka Rocco Magnotta (born Eric Clinton Kirk Newman; July 24, 1982) is a Canadian pornographic actor and model accused of killing and dismembering Lin Jun, a Chinese international student, then mailing his severed limbs to political parties and elementary schools. After a video allegedly depicting the murder was posted online, Magnotta fled the country, becoming the subject of an Interpol Red Notice and prompting an international manhunt. He was apprehended at an Internet caf in Berlin while reading news about himself.

ps/Lin Jun is a HE..




this is Lin Jun / Justin Lin



MONTREALA Quebec judge has ruled there is sufficient evidence for alleged killer Luka Magnotta to face first-degree murder charges in the slaying and dismemberment of Chinese exchange student Jun Lin.
Magnotta sat impassively and expressed no visible emotion when the ruling was delivered to a packed court room. He was dressed all in white and shackled at the wrists during the brief appearance.
The decision by Judge Lori-Rene Weitzman, handed down Friday afternoon, clears the way for a criminal trial that is not likely to proceed until early 2014.
Crown prosecutor Louis Bouthillier said he was very satisfied by the ruling and looking forward to the ultimate next phase of the legal process, which begins later this month and will end with a jury deciding Magnottas fate.
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I wish to salute the hard work done by the police officers in this case. They worked very hard and theres still a lot of work to be done, he told reporters in a brief statement.
Magnottas Toronto-based defence lawyer, Luc Leclair, had argued that the more appropriate charge against his client was second-degree murder, one that applies to unplanned killings, but the judge was not persuaded.
The reasons behind Leclairs argument, as well as testimony that was heard by more than 30 Crown witnesses in the preliminary hearing phase of the judicial process, cannot be reported because of a publication ban on the evidence.
Magnotta, a one-time escort and gay porn actor, is alleged to have killed and dismembered Lin on May 25, 2012 and mailed some of his severed body parts to the headquarters of the federal Conservative and Liberal parties in Ottawa as well as two schools in Vancouver.
The victims torso was discovered in a suitcase that had been put out for garbage pick-up and his head was found in a Montreal park weeks after the slaying.
A gruesome video appeared on the Internet in the days after the killing that purported to show Lin bound and gagged on a bad and then brutally cut into pieces. The killing sparked an international manhunt for Magnotta, now 30, that eventually located him in a Berlin Internet cafe. He was reportedly trolling the web for news about himself when German police arrested him.
Scarborough-born Magnotta, whose birth name is Eric Clinton Newman, is also facing charges of publishing obscene material, criminal harassment, mailing obscene material and committing an indignity to a body.
Court documents released last week from a 2005 Ontario fraud charge involving Magnotta revealed that he had been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and had been both hospitalized on several occasions and prescribed a regimen of prescription drugs.
A psychiatrist testified at the sentencing hearing that Magnottas symptoms included paranoia, auditory hallucinations and fear of the unknown.

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Post time 31-5-2013 01:31 PM | Show all posts
31 MAY 2010

Israel attacks Gaza aid fleet
At least 19 people killed after troops storm convoy of ships trying to break Gaza siege


Israeli forces have attacked a flotilla of aid-carrying ships aiming to break the country's siege on Gaza.

At least 19 people were killed and dozens injured when troops intercepted the convoy of ships dubbed the Freedom Flotilla early on Monday, Israeli radio reported.

The flotilla was attacked in international waters, 65km off the Gaza coast.

Avital Leibovich, an Israeli military spokeswoman, confirmed that the attack took place in international waters, saying: "This happened in waters outside of Israeli territory, but we have the right to defend ourselves."

Footage from the flotilla's lead vessel, the Mavi Marmara, showed armed Israeli soldiers boarding the ship and helicopters flying overhead.

Al Jazeera's Jamal Elshayyal, on board the Mavi Marmara, said Israeli troops had used live ammunition during the operation.

The Israeli military said four soldiers had been wounded and claimed troops opened fire after "demonstrators onboard attacked the IDF Naval personnel with live fire and light weaponry including knives and clubs".

Free Gaza Movement, the organisers of the flotilla, however, said the troops opened fire as soon as they stormed the convoy.

Our correspondent said that a white surrender flag was raised from the ship and there was no live fire coming from the passengers.

Before losing communication with our correspondent, a voice in Hebrew was clearly heard saying: "Everyone shut up".

Israeli intervention

Earlier, the Israeli navy had contacted the captain of the Mavi Marmara, asking him to identify himself and say where the ship was headed.

Shortly after, two Israeli naval vessels had flanked the flotilla on either side, but at a distance.

Organisers of the flotilla carrying 10,000 tonnes of humanitarian aid then diverted their ships and slowed down to avoid a confrontation during the night.

They also issued all passengers life jackets and asked them to remain below deck.

Al Jazeeras Ayman Mohyeldin, reporting from Jerusalem, said the Israeli action was surprising.

"All the images being shown from the activists on board those ships show clearly that they were civilians and peaceful in nature, with medical supplies on board. So it will surprise many in the international community to learn what could have possibly led to this type of confrontation," he said.

Meanwhile, Israeli police have been put on a heightened state of alert across the country to prevent any civil disturbances.

Sheikh Raed Salah,a leading member of the Islamic Movement who was on board the ship, was reported to have been seriously injured. He was being treated in Israel's Tal Hasharon hospital.

In Um Al Faham, the stronghold of the Islamic movement in Israel and the birth place of Salah, preparations for mass demonstrations were under way.

Protests

Condemnation has been quick to pour in after the Israeli action.

Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian president, officially declared a three-day state of mourning over Monday's deaths.

Turkey, Spain, Greece, Denmark and Sweden have all summoned the Israeli ambassador's in their respective countries to protest against the deadly assault.

Thousands of Turkish protesters tried to storm the Israeli consulate in Istanbul soon after the news of the operation broke. The protesters shouted "Damn Israel" as police blocked them.

"(The interception on the convoy) is unacceptable ... Israel will have to endure the consequences of this behaviour," the Turkish foreign ministry said in a statement.   

Ismail Haniya, the Hamas leader in Gaza, has also dubbed the Israeli action as "barbaric".

Hundreds of pro-Palestinian activists, including a Nobel laureate and several European legislators, were with the flotilla, aiming to reach Gaza in defiance of an Israeli embargo.

The convoy came from the UK, Ireland, Algeria, Kuwait, Greece and Turkey, and was comprised of about 700 people from 50 nationalities.

But Israel had said it would not allow the flotilla to reach the Gaza Strip and vowed to stop the six ships from reaching the coastal Palestinian territory.

The flotilla had set sail from a port in Cyprus on Sunday and aimed to reach Gaza by Monday morning.

Israel said the boats were embarking on "an act of provocation" against the Israeli military, rather than providing aid, and that it had issued warrants to prohibit their entrance to Gaza.

It asserted that the flotilla would be breaking international law by landing in Gaza, a claim the organisers rejected.





sumber artikel : http://www.aljazeera.com/news/mi ... 53133047995359.html

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Post time 31-5-2013 02:25 PM | Show all posts
May 31st BC - Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt

Ramesses II

Ramesses II (c. 1303 BC - July or August 1213 BC), referred to as Ramesses the Great, was the third Egyptian pharaoh (reigned 1279 BC - 1213 BC) of the Nineteenth Dynasty. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. His successors and later Egyptians called him the "Great Ancestor".
Ramesses II led several military expeditions into the Levant, re-asserting Egyptian control over Canaan. He also led expeditions to the south, into Nubia, commemorated in inscriptions at Beit el-Wali and Gerf Hussein.
At age fourteen, Ramesses was appointed Prince Regent by his father Seti I. He is believed to have taken the throne in his late teens and is known to have ruled Egypt from 1279 BC to 1213 BC for 66 years and 2 months, according to both Manetho and Egypt's contemporary historical records.
He was once said to have lived to age 99, but it is more likely that he died in his 90th or 91st year. If he became Pharaoh in 1279 BC, as most Egyptologists today believe, he would have assumed the throne on May 31, 1279 BC, based on his known accession date of III Shemu day 27.
Ramesses II celebrated an unprecedented 14 sed festivals (the first held after thirty years of a pharaoh's reign, and then every three years) during his reign - more than any other pharaoh. On his death, he was buried in a tomb in the Valley of the Kings - his body was later moved to a royal cache where it was discovered in 1881, and is now on display in the Cairo Museum.
The early part of his reign was focused on building cities, temples and monuments. He established the city of Pi-Ramesses in the Nile Delta as his new capital and main base for his campaigns in Syria. This city was built on the remains of the city of Avaris, the capital of the Hyksos when they took over, and was the location of the main Temple of Set. He is also known as Ozymandias in the Greek sources, from a transliteration into Greek of a part of Ramesses's throne name, Usermaatre Setepenre, "Ra's mighty truth, chosen of Ra".
Ramesses II had 200 wives and concubines, 96 sons and 60 daughters.












Buildings and Monuments
Ramesses built extensively throughout Egypt and Nubia, and his cartouches are prominently displayed even in buildings that he did not actually construct. There are accounts of his honor hewn on stone, statues, remains of palaces and temples, most notably the Ramesseum in the western Thebes and the rock temples of Abu Simbel. He covered the land from the Delta to Nubia with buildings in a way no king before him had done. He also founded a new capital city in the Delta during his reign called Pi-Ramesses; it had previously served as a summer palace during Seti I's reign.
His memorial temple Ramesseum, was just the beginning of the pharaoh's obsession with building. When he built, he built on a scale unlike almost anything before. In the third year of his reign Ramesses started the most ambitious building project after the pyramids, that were built 1,500 years earlier. The population was put to work on changing the face of Egypt.
In Thebes, the ancient temples were transformed, so that each one of them reflected honor to Ramesses as a symbol of this divine nature and power. Ramesses decided to eternalize himself in stone, and so he ordered changes to the methods used by his masons. The elegant but shallow reliefs of previous pharaohs were easily transformed, and so their images and words could easily be obliterated by their successors. Ramesses insisted that his carvings be deeply engraved in the stone, which made them not only less susceptible to later alteration, but also made them more prominent in the Egyptian sun, reflecting his relationship with the sun god, Ra.
Ramesses constructed many large monuments, including the archeological complex of Abu Simbel, and the Mortuary temple known as the Ramesseum. He built on a monumental scale to ensure that his legacy would survive the ravages of time. Ramesses used art as a means of propaganda for his victories over foreigners and are depicted on numerous temple reliefs. Ramesses II also erected more colossal statues of himself than any other pharaoh. He also usurped many existing statues by inscribing his own cartouche on them.



Abu Simbel






The Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples in Abu Simbel in Nubia, southern Egypt. They are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km southwest of Aswan (about 300 km by road). The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Nubian Monuments," which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae (near Aswan).
The complex consists of two temples. The larger one is dedicated to Ra-Harakhty, Ptah and Amun, Egypt's three state deities of the time, and features four large statues of Ramesse II in the facade. The smaller temple is dedicated to the goddess Hathor, personified by Nefertari, Ramesses's most beloved of his many wives.
The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari, to commemorate his alleged victory at the Battle of Kadesh, and to intimidate his Nubian neighbors. However, the complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968, on an artificial hill made from a domed structure, high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir.
The relocation of the temples was necessary to avoid their being submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser, the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan High Dam on the Nile River. Abu Simbel remains one of Egypt's top tourist attractions.
Construction of the temple complex started in approximately 1264 B.C. and lasted for about 20 years, until 1244 B.C. Known as the "Temple of Ramesses, beloved by Amun," it was one of six rock temples erected in Nubia during the long reign of Ramesses II. Their purpose was to impress Egypt's southern neighbors, and also to reinforce the status of Egyptian religion in the region. Historians say that the design of Abu Simbel expresses a measure of ego and pride in Ramesses II.
In 1959 an international donations campaign to save the monuments of Nubia began: the southernmost relics of this ancient human civilization were under threat from the rising waters of the Nile that were about to result from the construction of the Aswan High Dam.
One scheme to save the temples was based on an idea by William MacQuitty to build a clear fresh water dam around the temples, with the water inside kept at the same height as the Nile. There were to be underwater viewing chambers.
In 1962 the idea was made into a proposal by architects Jane Drew and Maxwell Fry and civil engineer Ove Arup. They considered that raising the temples ignored the effect of erosion of the sandstone by desert winds. However the proposal, though acknowledged to be extremely elegant, was rejected.
The salvage of the Abu Simbel temples began in 1964 by a multinational team of archeologists, engineers and skilled heavy equipment operators working together under the UNESCO banner; it cost some $40 million at the time. Between 1964 and 1968, the entire site was carefully cut into large blocks (up to 30 tons, averaging 20 tons), dismantled, lifted and reassembled in a new location 65 meters higher and 200 meters back from the river, in one of the greatest challenges of archaeological engineering in history Some structures were even saved from under the waters of Lake Nasser.
Today, thousands of tourists visit the temples daily. Guarded convoys of buses and cars depart twice a day from Aswan, the nearest city. Many visitors also arrive by plane, at an airfield that was specially constructed for the temple complex.




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Post time 31-5-2013 05:34 PM | Show all posts
Tragedy On Derby Day
31 May 1911


The New King Attends the Derby
Image Source Illustrated London News 03 Jun 1911

Owing to the coronation of King George V in early June, the Derby of 1911 was held a week earlier than usual on the 31 May. Despite this, an estimated gathering of over 100,000, surpassing all previous records, had made their way to the Downs for the races on a warm sultry afternoon.

After the main race had been run, the oppressive heat was interrupted by a few hailstones bouncing around the feet of the crowd. Suddenly there was a vivid flash of lightning followed by a terrific crash of thunder and it appeared "to let loose all the elements of rain and hail in a merciless torrent" People trying to leave the course on foot or in open carriages were soaked to the skin and women in their fine summer dresses were left drenched and bedraggled. The roads into Epsom became muddy flowing rivers and people were forced to a standstill.


A photograph taken at the 1911 Derby

A group of 20 people who had already left the Downs, ran to take shelter against the wall of the reservoir on Banstead Downs, eight of them were struck by lightning and two killed outright, George Curran from West Ham and William Storr from Lower Sydenham. The coroner at the inquest later said that he thought the lightning had been attracted by a wet bowler hat that was being worn by one of the deceased. A bicycle nearby had its handlebars broken by the lightning and the boots of one of the victims were split apart.

As another cyclist coming from the Downs approached the reservoir he decided to stop there, remarking to a colleague, "I think I'll get off and shelter under this wall" No sooner had he spoken then he was struck and knocked unconscious, suffering severe injuries.

Back at the racecourse, one of the victims of the violent storm was a young greengrocer named Wilfrid Noah Wetherall, aged just 17 and who came from Beddington near Croydon. The fate of young Wilfrid, who was sitting in the back of his employer's horse drawn cart at Buckle's Gap, went unnoticed for some time as the thunder and lightning crashed all around. The terrified horse began to panic and several people tried to restrain it, calling to Wilfrid to help them. It was then that he was seen sitting with his hands raised as if to ward off a blow. The crown of his straw hat had been cut out by the lightning and the brim had slipped over his face. The horse was also struck and killed but amazingly people sitting around them were unaffected.

Later at the Epsom mortuary the boy was found to have a fern-leaf design on his body as a result of the lightning strike. A survivor said he had seen a ball of fire and that he tasted sulphuric acid in his mouth. Several others were said to have been "rendered quite deaf for a considerable time".

At Tattenham Corner a group of eight men working as job-masters were standing in a tent when they were struck. One man was seriously injured with severe shock to the system, burns to his arms and legs and loss of muscle action down the right side. Another man was leaning on the rails by the course when he was struck, he remained unconscious for over two hours and was taken to Epsom Cottage Hospital.

The chaos was not only restricted to the Downs as the storm reached out as far as Mitcham, Morden Bletchingly, Godstone and Redhill it caused immense damage to property and several people were seriously injured. Among them was a ten year old boy in Bletchingly who was hit and was found to have a scar in the shape of a fern-leaf, similar to that of Wilfrid Weatherall. Fortunately the boy survived. Water rose to over three feet high in places and in Godstone, hail the size of marbles lay six inches deep, bringing traffic to a standstill.

In nearby Tadworth the hail was so fierce that people were left with bleeding hands and faces and in the North Looe smallholdings in Ewell, 50 chickens were drowned.

Huge amounts of rain fell that afternoon but the greatest downpour was at Banstead where 3.59ins [92mm] fell. By the end of that awful afternoon, five people were dead and scores were severely injured many of them needing hospital treatment. At the inquest into the Derby deaths the coroner said he had heard many people say that the storm was a judgement on those who visited the races He described the remark as "a very foolish one".

sumber : http://www.epsomandewellhistoryexplorer.org.uk/Derby1911.html

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Post time 31-5-2013 05:50 PM | Show all posts
On May 31, 1889, a neglected dam and a phenomenal storm led to a catastrophe in which 2,209 people died. It's a story of great tragedy, but also of triumphant recovery. Visit the Johnstown Flood Museum, which is operated by the Johnstown Area Heritage Association, to find out more about this shocking episode in American history.

The Johnstown Area Heritage Association receives many inquiries about the 1889 flood. Please visit the 1889 Flood Resources page on the Archives & Research section of this site for a broad range of links, essays, downloadable information and more.

The following narrative about the 1889 flood is by Edwin Hutcheson, excerpted from "Floods of Johnstown: 1889-1936 -1977," published in 1989 by the Cambria County Tourist Council.

By the morning of May 31, 1889, there was water in the streets. Business people were moving their wares to the upper stories of their buildings. Families moved furnishings and supplies they would need to wait out the deluge.

Johnstown had been built into a river valley on the Appalachian Plateau. The Little Conemaugh and the Stony Creek Rivers, which ran along the peripheral of the town and merged to form the Conemaugh River at the western end, drained a 657 square mile watershed which dropped in the rivers from mountains 500 feet above (Click here for a map of the area, published shortly after the flood). At least once a year, one or both of the rivers overflowed into the streets sending the town's residents into a scurry to protect what they could of their homes and belongings.

Some of these floods were caused when heavy snows melted too quickly in the spring. And others, at any season of the year, when a heavy rain fell over the area. Whichever, floods were a fact of life to the nineteenth century resident of this industrial community in southwestern Pennsylvania. And, in the late afternoon of May 31, 1889, people were gathered in the upper stories of their homes, waiting out the worst of it, just as they had done many times before.

Even as the residents of Johnstown prepared for their long wait, activity at the South Fork dam, just 14 miles above the city was frantic. The South Fork dam held back Lake Conemaugh, the pleasure lake of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club, a prestigious club which included such famed entrepreneurs as Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick on its membership rolls. (Clickhere for more information about the club and the dam; a list of club members is also available there). Officials there feared the dam would fail. Since midmorning, they'd worked to avoid this, because they feared the consequences. The lake was a little over two miles long, a little over a mile wide at its widest spot, and 60 feet deep at the dam itself.

Among the attempts were efforts to add height to the dam, then to dig a second spillway to relieve pressure from the breast, and finally to release the heavy screens placed on the overflows to keep the stocked fish from escaping into the streams below. By a little after 3 p.m., when most people in Johnstown were settling in to be marooned for the evening, club officials and the laborers they recruited, as well as a good sized audience from the little community of South Fork just below the dam, watched in dumbfounded horror as the dam "just moved away. "

Within the hour, a body of water which engineers at the time estimated moved into the valley with the force of Niagara Falls, rolled into Johnstown with 14 miles of accumulated debris, which included houses, barns, animals and people, dead and alive.

Those who saw it coming described it as a rolling hill of debris about 40 feet high and a halfamile wide. But most only heard the thunderous rumble as it swept into the city to add Johnstown to a wake that already included bits and pieces of the communities of South Fork, Mineral Point, Woodvale and East Conemaugh.

Some continued to wait out the disaster in their houses, others were picked up by the flood wave for a wild ride through the town to the Pennsylvania Railroad Company's Stone Bridge where debris piled 40 feet high and over 30 acres, then caught fire. Still others were shot down the Conemaugh River to die or be rescued at Nineveh, Bolivar or other communities downstream.

Six-year-old Gertrude Quinn Slattery was one of those caught in the flood wave. Years later she would write about her experience as she was hurled through the torrents on what she describes as a "raft with a wet muddy mattress and bedding.''

"I had great faith that I would not be abandoned," she wrote. "While my thoughts were thus engaged, a large roof came floating toward me with about twenty people on it. I cried and called across the water to them to help me. This, of course they could not do. The roof was big, and they were all holding on for dear life, feeling every minute that they would be tossed to death. While I watched I kept praying, calling, and begging someone to save me. Then I saw a man come to the edge, the others holding him and talking excitedly. I could see they were trying to restrain him but he kept pulling to get away which he finally did, and plunged into the swirling waters and disappeared.

Then his head appeared and I could see he was looking in my direction and I called, cried, and begged him to come to me. He kept going down and coming up, sometimes lost to my sight entirely, only to come up next time much closer to my raft. The water was now between fifteen and twenty feet deep.

"As I sat watching this man struggling in the water my mind was firmly fixed on the fact that he was my saviour. At last he reached me, drew himself up and over the side of the mattress and lifted me up. I put both arms around his neck and held on to him like grim death. Together we went downstream with the ebb and flow of the reflex to the accompaniment of crunching, grinding, gurgling, splashing and crying and moaning of many. After drifting about we saw a little white building, standing at the edge of the water, apparently where the hill began. At the window were two men with poles helping to rescue people floating by. I was too far out for the poles, so the men called:

'Throw that baby over here to us.'

"My hero said: 'Do you think you can catch her?'

"They said: 'We can try.'"

"So Maxwell McAchren threw me across the water (some say twenty feet, others fifteen. I could never find out, so I leave it to your imagination. It was considered a great feat in the town, I know.)"

The response to the disaster was immediate as over 100 newspapers and magazines sent writers and illustrators to Johnstown to recount the story for the world.

Although not noted for their accuracy, the reports touched the hearts of the readers. People sent money, clothing, and food. Medical societies and doctors and hospitals sent medicines and bandages. Doctors left their practices and hurried to Johnstown to assist. Lumber was sent for rebuilding houses and businesses.

The dead were lined up in morgues throughout the city and in communities further down the Conemaugh River until some survivor in search of a loved one came to identify them. Although damaged itself, the Presbyterian Church on Main Street was the site of one of the morgues. A reporter from the New York Evening Post described the scene there.

"The first floor has been washed out completely and the second, while submerged, was badly damaged, but not ruined. The walls, floors, and pews were drenched and the mud has collected on the mattings and carpets an inch deep. Walking is attended with much difficulty, and the undertakers and attendants, with arms bared, slide about the slippery surface at a tremendous rate. The chancel is filled with coffins, strips of muslin, boards and all undertaking accessories. Lying across the top of the pews are a dozen pine boxes each containing a victim of the flood. Printed cards are tacked to each. Upon them the sex and full description of the enclosed body is written with the name of the known." (Click here for a list of flood victims, their addresses, ages and burial places).

The living set up tents, often near to the places their former homes had been located and began what must of been perceived of as the impossible task of cleaning up and starting life again. Clara Barton and her Washington, D . C . contingent of the Red Cross built hotels for people to live in and warehouses to store the many supplies the community received (click here for more on the Red Cross in Johnstown). By July 1, stores opened on the Main Street for business. The Cambria Iron Company reopened on June 6. Five years later, an observer would have been hard pressed to imagine the destruction in the valley on May 31, 1889.

Yet no city, county, or state legislation was enacted to protect people from similar disasters in the future. Suits were filed against the members of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club, but in keeping with the times, the courts viewed the dam break as an act of God, and no legal compensation was made to the survivors.

The city would continue to suffer nuisance floods, with water in the streets and in people's basements especially in the spring of the year. It would be another 47 years, and not until more property was destroyed and more lives lost, until some constructive efforts were made to control the waters that flowed through Johnstown.






source : http://www.jaha.org/FloodMuseum/history.html

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Post time 31-5-2013 05:59 PM | Show all posts


The Union of South Africa 31 May 1910



It is often assumed that the discovery of gold at the Rand was the chief cause of the South African War. This is not completely true, as British imperialism was chiefly concerned with expanding its territory in Southern Africa, in so doing enforcing dominion over all the inhabitants of annexed territories. The Boer Republics, however, were chiefly concerned by British attempts to annex their self-declared republics, a move that would once again put them at the mercy of capital and politics as dictated by England proper. A further concern was that the Boers were chiefly agriculturalists, with little or no skill in industry and manufacturing, and their conceptualization of their relationship to the land was less utilitarian and more Romantic/Calvinist. Finally, denying the franchise to foreigners in the Boer republics, by their reasoning, was repayment for the treatment the Boers received at the Cape.
The Union Buildings were designed by the British Architect Sir Herbert Baker and inaugurated in 1913. The two wings symbolised the Union of the 'two races' in South Africa: the English speakers and the Afrikaners.


The abortive Jameson raid and the issued ultimatum thereafter assured that a confrontation would occur between the Boer republics and the British colonial machine. Initial confrontations between the Boers and British resulted in a number of victories for the Boers; however, this momentum could not be sustained, because Britain as a superpower had more resources and manpower to realise its expansionist policy. Secondly, with the institution of Kitcheners scorched earth policy, Boer commandoes were denied any material support. Finally, by arming a large number of Blacks C in addition to employing them as ditch diggers, scouts and logistical support C they ultimately tipped the balance in the direction of the British. Only the realization that, as a population, Europeans were vastly outnumbered by the Black population of South Africa, prevented the British from exterminating the Boers. By this, I mean that the British realised that for racial domination to be viable, they would need to forge an alliance with the Boers C hence the generous terms of the Treaty of Vereeniging.


The result of the South African War was a polarising of South African politics into conservative and liberal streams. This is evident when one examines developments before, during and after South Africa became a Union. These would include the loss of life during the South African War, both in combat and within the internment camps, the tension between the bittereinders and the hensoppers (those who refused to surrender and those who saw the conflict as futile). A number of issues resulted from the arming of large numbers of blacks to fight on both sides of the war. This became a source of tension that made difficult an alliance between a Boer and British. Lastly, an increasing number of educated blacks were emerging from the mission education system, and this challenged the notion that blacks could be denied the vote because of an inferior educational status.


On 31 May 1902, Representatives of the Boer Republics and the British government signed the Peace of Vereeniging. From the outset of the negotiations, British Prime Minister Chamberlain intimated that Britain would negotiate a peace that fostered unity among the settler populations, with the condition that British culture and loyalty to the crown would be the foundation of this peace. Kitchener went as far as to suggest that the Boers accept the terms of a British peace and tie their hopes for independence to regime change, which would surely, he said, speed up the process. Among the more notable consequences of this treaty was that the Dutch language was granted equal status to English in legislation and that self-rule would eventually be granted to the Union colonies. In order to make this peace acceptable to the Boer republics, it was decided to exclude from the terms an insistence on universal franchise for both Black and White. This would have far-reaching consequences, as Britain in effect abdicated its responsibility to influence the policies and laws enacted by South Africa. During this process, Britain continued the subjugation of traditional African structures of governance through its policies of indirect government.


source : http://www.sahistory.org.za/topic/union-south-africa-1910
Last edited by BeasT on 31-5-2013 06:03 PM

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Post time 31-5-2013 06:05 PM | Show all posts
Pilihan raya kecil Penanti 31 Mei 2009



Pilihan raya kecil Penanti 2009 merupakan pilihan raya kecil yang diadakan pada 31 Mei 2009 setelah Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri PenantiMohammad Fairus Khairuddin meletakkan jawatan sebagai ADUN Pulau Pinang[1][2]. Pada 8 April 2009, Fairus meletakkan jawatan sebagai Timbalan Ketua Menteri 1 selepas beliau disiasat berhubung dakwaan rasuah membabitkan operasi kuari di Pulau Pinang.
Calon Parti Keadilan Rakyat Dr Mansor Othman memenangi pilihan raya kecil ini.




sumber :
http://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilihan_raya_kecil_Penanti_2009


Last edited by BeasT on 31-5-2013 06:07 PM

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Post time 31-5-2013 06:26 PM | Show all posts
Battle of Jutland : 31 May 1916
The Battle of Jutland (German: Skagerrakschlacht) was a naval battle fought by the Royal Navy's Grand Fleet (which also included ships and individual personnel from the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Canadian Navy[1]) against the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleetduring the First World War. The battle was fought on 31 May and 1 June 1916 in the North Sea near Jutland, Denmark. It was the largest naval battle and the only full-scale clash of battleships in the war. It was only the third-ever fleet action between steel battleships, following the smaller but more decisive battles of the Yellow Sea (1904) and Tsushima (1905) during the Russo-Japanese War.
The High Seas Fleet was commanded by Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer, and the Grand Fleet by Admiral Sir John Jellicoe. The German fleet's intention was to lure out, trap, and destroy a portion of the Grand Fleet, as the German naval force was insufficient to successfully engage the entire British fleet. This formed part of a larger strategy to break the British blockade of Germany and to allow German mercantile shipping to operate. Meanwhile, the Royal Navy pursued a strategy to engage and destroy the High Seas Fleet, or keep the German force contained and away from Britain's own shipping lanes.
The German plan was to use Vice-Admiral Franz Hipper's fast scouting group of five modern battlecruisers to lure Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty's battlecruiser squadrons into the path of the main German fleet. Submarines were stationed in advance across the likely routes for British ships. However, the British learned from signal intercepts that a major fleet operation was likely, so on 30 May Jellicoe sailed with the Grand Fleet to rendezvous with Beatty, passing over the locations of the German submarine picket lines while they were unprepared. The German plan had been delayed, causing further problems for their submarines which had reached the limit of their endurance at sea.
On the afternoon of 31 May, Beatty encountered Hipper's battlecruiser force long before the Germans had expected. In a running battle, Hipper successfully drew the British vanguard into the path of the High Seas Fleet. By the time Beatty sighted the larger force and turned back towards the British main fleet, he had lost two battlecruisers from a force of six battlecruisers and four battleships, against the five ships commanded by Hipper. The battleships, commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Hugh Evan-Thomas, were the last to turn and formed arearguard as Beatty withdrew, now drawing the German fleet in pursuit towards the main British positions. Between 18:30, when the sun was lowering on the western horizon, backlighting the German forces, and nightfall at about 20:30, the two fleets C totalling 250 ships between them C directly engaged twice.
Fourteen British and eleven German ships were sunk, with great loss of life. After sunset, and throughout the night, Jellicoe maneuvered to cut the Germans off from their base, in hopes of continuing the battle next morning, but under the cover of darkness Scheer broke through the British light forces forming the rearguard of the Grand Fleet and returned to port.[3]
Both sides claimed victory. The British lost more ships and twice as many sailors, and the British press criticised the Grand Fleet's failure to force a decisive outcome, but Scheer's plan of destroying a substantial portion of the British fleet also failed. The Germans' 'fleet in being' continued to pose a threat, requiring the British to keep their battleships concentrated in the North Sea, but the battle confirmed the German policy of avoiding all fleet-to-fleet contact. At the end of the year, after further unsuccessful attempts to reduce the Royal Navy's numerical advantage, the German Navy turned its efforts and resources to unrestricted submarine warfare and the destruction of Allied and neutral shipping which by April 1917 triggered America's declaration of war on Germany.[4]
Subsequent reviews commissioned by the Royal Navy generated strong disagreement between supporters of Jellicoe and Beatty concerning the two admirals' performance in the battle. Debate over their performance and the significance of the battle continues today
Illustrated London News depiction from 1916 showing the British Grand Fleet (in the foreground) and its first sight of the German High Seas Fleet during the Battle of Jutland. Three British battle-cruisers, accompanied by destroyers, advance toward the German battle formation in the first stage of the battle. As the battle unfolded, misty weather and calm seas made the German ships difficult to pin down in an era before the existence of radar. Below: A photo of the pre-dreadnaught German battleshipPommern which was sunk by the British during the battle.
Below: The Opposing Admirals. On the left is Germany's Admiral Reinhard von Scheer who wanted to break British control of the North Sea to end the British-imposed naval blockade which severely undermined Germany's entire war economy by cutting off all sea imports. On the right is Britain's Admiral John Jellicoe who had put to sea on the evening of May 30, 1916, to confront Von Sheer, based on British analysis of German Morse code radio transmissions indicating the entire German High Seas Fleet was moving into the North Sea from its home ports. After the battle, Von Sheer and his High Seas Fleet chose not to venture out again to fight Jellicoe in the North Sea. But in the newspapers, a second Battle of Jutland of sorts unfolded as German and British officials, including Jellicoe himself, provided repeated press statements describing the battle scenario, only to read vigorous counter-claims each time. This back-and-forth in the press lasted for several weeks until other events in the war captured the world's attention.
                              



source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_31
             http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/firstworldwar/jutland-sank.htm
             http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c8wZhusykL4 Last edited by BeasT on 31-5-2013 06:28 PM

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