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[INFORMASI] [LUBUK KREDIT] HARI INI DALAM SEJARAH

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Author: novelloverzz       Show all posts   Read mode

Post time 31-5-2013 06:36 PM | Show all posts

CANADA C Barrie/Grand Valley, Ontario C May 31, 1985

On May 31, 1985, an unprecedented outbreak of violent tornadoes swept across Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and Ontario. In Ontario, the tornadoes killed 12 people and caused 200 million dollars in damage. The deadliest tornado swept through the town of Barrie at F4 intensity and killed eight people along its six mile path. The deaths included a mother and child who were killed when their Crawford Street home was swept away, leaving nothing but a concrete pad (Bruineman, 2010). Vehicles and bodies were blown several hundred yards, and several large factories were completely leveled.

Another violent tornado formed just south of the Barrie and devastated areas near Grand Valley. The Grand Valley tornado travelled 62 miles C the longest path ever surveyed in Canada. It caused F4 damage and killed four people.

Severe damage caused by the 1985 Barrie tornado. An even stronger tornado may have formed in Ontario that day, only a few miles south of Barrie.

source : http://extremeplanet.me/2012/07/16/some-of-the-most-powerful-tornadoes-outside-the-united-states-canada-france-and-japan/

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 Author| Post time 31-5-2013 10:55 PM | Show all posts
BeasT posted on 31-5-2013 05:50 PM
On May 31, 1889, a neglected dam and a phenomenal storm led to a catastrophe in which 2,209 people d ...

tragiknya
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 Author| Post time 31-5-2013 10:58 PM | Show all posts
BeasT posted on 31-5-2013 06:26 PM
Battle of Jutland : 31 May 1916
The Battle of Jutland (German: Skagerrakschlacht) was a naval battl ...

vid x leh tgk
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 Author| Post time 31-5-2013 11:00 PM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 31-5-2013 12:35 PM
31st May, 2012 : Interpol has added Luke Rocco Magnotta, suspected killer, to their most wanted list ...

handsome tp psycho
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Post time 3-6-2013 11:22 AM | Show all posts
Venezuela 2012 Venezuela Colombian Drug Lord Arrested in Venezuela

3rd June, 2012 : Colombian drug lord Diego Rastrojo was arrested by police in Venezuela. Authorities have stated that he became the leader of the cartel in May and that they would hand him over to Colombian authorities.



A top Colombian drug lord, Diego Perez Henao, has been arrested by police in neighbouring Venezuela.

Accoridng to the Colombian authorities, he heads Los Rastrojos, a drug cartel that has grown quickly in the past four years, exporting tonnes of cocaine to the United States via Mexico.

Perez Henao, also known as Diego Rastrojo, became the leader of the cartel at the beginning of May.

The Venezuelan government says it will hand him to the Colombian authorities.

Venezuelan Justice Minister Tareck El Aissami said Perez Henao was captured on Sunday in the border state of Barinas on information provided by the Colombian authorities.

Mr El Aissami described him as "one of the most wanted criminals in the Americas".

According to police in Colombia, Diego Rastrojo controlled half the members of the paramilitary criminal organisations involved in drug trafficking in Colombia.

The BBC correspondent in Colombia, Arturo Wallace, says Diego Rastrojo was "one of the last old-style drug lords still operating in Colombia."

He was said to have 800 hitmen under his command.


Diego Rastrojo became the leader of Los Rastrojos when his main associate, Javier Antonio Calle Serna, known as Comba, surrendered to the US authorities nearly a month ago.

Comba handed himself in to agents of the US Drug Enforcement Administration on the island of Aruba.


*ganas seh RAJA DADAH SURELY KAYO!!"

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-18320086


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Post time 4-6-2013 01:13 PM | Show all posts
Today Celebrity Birthday 4 June


ANGELINA JOLIE 37
Glamorous actress and humanitarian who is married to Brad Pitt, and daughter of actor, Jon Voight



RUSSEL BRAND 37
British comedian and actor, known for his offbeat sense of style



MOLLIE KING 25
English singer from the girl group The Saturdays.



LUKAS PODOLSKI 27
Forward for the German national team and Arsenal


NOAH WYLE 41
Best known as the dedicated Dr. John Carter on ER.



JORDAN HINSON 21
Played the leading role of Katelin Kingsford in the Disney original ice skating film Go Figure



EL DEBARGE 51
Singer of the soul and R&B musical group DeBarge popular during the Motown era



SCOTT WOLF 43
American television actor known for notable roles in the late 1990s and early 2000s.



RUSSELL HICKS (1895-1957)
Early 20th century film actor who acted in nearly 300 films


source : http://www.famousbirthdays.com/june4.html

















Last edited by BeasT on 4-6-2013 06:22 PM

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Post time 4-6-2013 01:20 PM | Show all posts
PERJANJIAN ANTARA YAMTUAN ANTAH DENGAN GABENOR NEGERI-NEGERI SELAT

Tarikh Peristiwa pada 04-06-1887


Tarikh Peristiwa pada 04-06-1887










Selepas Perang Naning di antara tahun 1813-1832 Inggeris mula mengadakan beberapa siri perjanjian persahabatan dengan beberapa Pembesar Negeri Sembilan. Antaranya perjanjian dengan Raja Ali dan Syed Shaaban. Selepas itu Inggeris juga mula mencampuri urusan pentadbiran di Negeri Sembilan atas alasan menjaga kepentingan saudagar-saudagar mereka yang berniaga di Negeri Sembilan.  Perjanjian-perjanjian ini secara tidak langsung membawa kepada campurtangan politik Inggeris ke atas kedaulatan pemerintahan Negeri Sembilan. Pada hari ini 4 Jun 1887, salah satu daripada perjanjian tersebut telah ditandatangani. Perjanjian yang dimaksudkan adalah di antara Yang Maha Mulia Tengku Antah, Yamtuan Seri Menanti atau (lebih dikenali sebagai Yamtuan Antah) dengan Gabenor Negeri Selat Sir Frederik Alusysweld. Perjanjian dibuat selepas peristiwa Perang Bukit Putus.   



Peperangan tersebut berlaku akibat perselisehan yang berlaku antara Yamtuan Antah di Seri Menanti dengan Dato' Kelana Syed Abd. Rahman Sungei Ujong. Dato' Kelana telah membuat perhubungan persahabatan dengan British dan semasa pertempuran di Bukit Putus beliau telah dibantu askar-askar British di bawah Kapten Patrick J. Murray. Walaupun Yamtuan Antah telah berperang bermati-matian melawan askar Britsh di Bukit Putus. Baginda akhirnya terpaksa berundur ke Johor apabila pihak British berjaya mengalahkan Baginda. Semasa berada di Johor, Baginda telah dibantu oleh Maharaja Abu Bakar untuk mengadakan perjanjian dengan Gabenor Negeri Selat di Singapura. Setelah mengadakan perbincangan maka pada hari ini perjanjian tersebut telah ditandatangani setelah Yamtuan Antah kembali semula ke Seri Menanti.



Antara lain perjanjian ini menyebut bahawa kerajaan Negeri Selat dan Negeri Sembilan akan bekerjasama dalam menjaga hal ehwal negeri; Yamtuan Seri Menanti dan Dato'-dato' Penghulu Negeri Sembilan juga hendaklah sentiasa memberikan pertolongan kepada kerajaan Negeri Selat apabila dikehendaki; dan pihak British juga mengakui bahawa Tengku Besar Muhamad Ibni Tengku Antah akan menjadi pengganti Yamtuan dalam daerah Negeri Sembilan dan keturunannya. Melalui perjanjian ini jelaslah bahawa British telah mencampuri urusan pentadbiran Negeri Sembilan secara mendalam. Yamtuan Antah pula ketika itu tidak berapa sihat dan semakin gering, menyebabkan fasa mengenai perlantikan anakanada Baginda Tengku Besar Muhamad disebut secara khusus dalam perjanjian ini. Yamtuan Seri Menanti, Yamtuan Antah akhirnya mangkat di Seri Menanti pada tahun 1888 setahun selepas perjanjian ini ditandatangani



Sumber: http://www.arkib.gov.my/

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Post time 4-6-2013 01:24 PM | Show all posts
1989 China Tiananmen Square 4th June 1989 : In May nearly a million Chinese students and others held mass protests calling for greater democracy and an end to corruption at Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, but on June 4th Chinese troops with tanks and armored cars stormed Tiananmen Square killing hundreds of protesters when firing into the crowd indiscriminately and arresting thousands of pro democracy protesters some of who are still in jail.
BBC report from Tiananmen Square


One Man Standing In Front Of Chinese Tanks Great Piece Of History

source : http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/june4th.html


Last edited by BeasT on 4-6-2013 01:25 PM

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Post time 4-6-2013 06:34 PM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 31-5-2013 10:58 PM
vid x leh tgk

cuba tray yang nie bleh dakk...


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Post time 4-6-2013 06:36 PM | Show all posts

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Post time 4-6-2013 07:03 PM | Show all posts
Biggest-Ever June 4 Candlelight Vigil in Hong Kong 180,000-Strong




Over 180,000 people participated in this years candlelight vigil in memory of the victims of the 1989 Tiananmen Massacre, where unprecedented mass demonstrations were cleared up by soldiers dispatched by the Chinese Communist regime. This years attendance set a new record. (Sung Pi Lung/The Epoch Times)

More than 180,000 were present at the annual Tiananmen Square massacre candlelight vigil, in memory of the student protesters who were killed on June 4, 1989. The crowd was mixed, including were survivors, politicians, students, and residents of Hong Kong and mainland China. According to the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China, the organizer of this years vigil, attendance reached a record high.

More than 180,000 participants filled up Victoria Park, Hong Kong, in memory of the 1989 student massacre at Tiananmen Square in Beijing. (Sun Qing Tian/The Epoch Times)

On June 4th 2012, candles were held up at Hong Kongs memorial ceremony for the 23rd anniversary of the 1989 student massacre at Tiananmen Square. (Sun Qing Tian/The Epoch Times)

Fang Zheng, a survivor of the Chinese regimes violent crackdown on student protesters in 1989, attends the memorial in person for the first time. A tank rolled over Fangs legs. (Sung Pi Lung/The Epoch Times)



A girl holds up a candle in memory of the victims of the Tiananmen Square Massacre. (Sung Pi Lung/The Epoch Times)

Democracy will win! Do not forget June 4th, were the words on two main banners hung up on the main stage at Victoria Park. (Sung Pi Lung/The Epoch Times)

A young participant holds up a poster saying Redress June 4th. (Sung Pi Lung/The Epoch Times)

Students sit together at the yearly memorial for the 1989 Tiananmen Massacre at Hong Kongs Victoria Park on June 4, 2012. (Sung Pi Lung/The Epoch Times)

A man stands in front of a billboard with lists of jailed dissidents in China. The lists include members of political parties other than the Communist Party, human rights activists and Falun Gong practitioners. (Sun Qing Tian/The Epoch Times)

Participants of the annual memorial hold up candles and posters. The poster says: The Chinese Communist Party must apologize and redress the June 4 incident. (Sung Pi Lung/The Epoch Times)


sumber : http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/china-news/photos-biggest-ever-june-4-candlelight-vigil-in-hong-kong-180-000-strong-246943.html



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 Author| Post time 4-6-2013 10:28 PM | Show all posts
  • Arias told the court that on June 4, 2008, Alexander pinned her against his office desk and performed sex act upon her
  • The 32-year-old has admitted stabbing Travis Alexander 27 times and shooting him in the head but claims it was in self-defense

Jodi Arias gives lurid details on how ex-boyfriend Travis Alexander was sexually violent in the hours before she stabbed him to death as she prepares to testify about the fatal moment

Jodi Arias testified on Tuesday about the day she killed Travis Alexander, explaining how in the hours leading up to the fatal stabbing, the couple had engaged in explicit sex acts before he erupted in a violent outburst against her.

Arias, 32, who took the stand for the seventh day, told jurors that Alexander took explicit photographs of her before holding her against a desk and performing a graphic sex act upon her on June 4, 2008.

She was testifying about the final day she spent with Alexander at his home in Mesa, Arizona. Arias has admitted to stabbing her on-off boyfriend 27 times, slitting his throat and shooting him in the head in what she claims is self-defense. She faces the death penalty if convicted of first-degree murder.


Arias appeared in court on Tuesday morning wearing a button-up, white shirt and watched jurors closely as they entered, adopting her typical pose of her hands clasped in front of her.



Scroll down for video


The final day: Jodi Arias appeared on the stand for the seventh day on Tuesday as she told the Arizona court that on the day he died, Alexander took sexually explicit photographs of her and lost his temper




Distraught: Arias told the court today that she was finding it difficult to talk about the events of June 4, 2008 because 'of the way that the day ended'




Cowed: Jodi Arias, pictured in court last Wednesday, following her phone sex tape revelations


Grueling: Samantha and Tanisha Alexander, pictured last week at trial, were in court once again today and physically showed the strain of the picture the defense painted of their brother


Sexual encounters: The couple can be heard having graphic phone sex in the recording that Arias made


'Confused': Arias could not offer an explanation as too why Alexander wanted her to wear boy's Spiderman underwear while they had sex (stock picture)


Shame: Jodi Arias lowered her head as she took the stand last week while the court were played a cellphone conversation of her and Travis Alexander having phone sex




Cringing: Arias covered up her face as her family and the relatives of Travis Alexander listened to the phone call which lasted more than 30 minutes


Happier times: Arias is accused of stabbing and shooting Travis Alexander in his Mesa home in 2008

Harrowing: The siblings of Travis Alexander listen in court as they hear their late brother's voice on tape





Change in demeanor: Arias folded her arms and appeared visibly upset as the jurors entered last Tuesday as she awaits her phone sex tape being played (left) and wept while looking at pictures a day earlier (right)

Strain: Jodi Arias' mother and father have been in court throughout the trial


Source and more stories: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/ ... xually-violent.html





Last edited by novelloverzz on 4-6-2013 10:30 PM

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Post time 5-6-2013 05:24 PM | Show all posts
BeasT posted on 4-6-2013 07:03 PM
Biggest-Ever June 4 Candlelight Vigil in Hong Kong 180,000-Strong

nice!!
cantik sgt.
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Post time 5-6-2013 05:27 PM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 4-6-2013 10:28 PM
  • Arias told the court that on June 4, 2008, Alexander pinned her against his office desk and per ...

  • hahaha this is interesting.

    muka mcm nerdy2 sajerk

    and why
    'Confused': Arias could not offer an explanation as too why Alexander wanted her to wear boy's Spiderman underwear while they had sex (stock picture)

    ngeri seh
    boys undies??? da fuq sgt kan..

    selalunya org ske pakai lingerie seksi2 ni boys undies di kata kan seksi???


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    Post time 5-6-2013 05:58 PM | Show all posts
    5 Jun 1967 C An-Naqsah (Hari Kekalahan) palit sejarah memalukan

    Tarikh 5 Jun mungkin tidak dikaitkan dengan apa-apa peristiwa besar yang diingati oleh masyarakat dunia. Namun pada tarikh tersebut dalam tahun 1967 Israel telah melancarkan satu operasi ketenteraan besar-besaran ke atas Republik Arab Bersatu (Mesir), Jordan dan Syria secara serentak. Peperangan yang dikenali dalam sejarah konflik timur tengah sebagai Perang Enam Hari ini berakhir pada 10 Jun 1967. Dalam tempoh enam hari Israel berjaya menewaskan tiga negara Arab yang turut dibantu oleh Arab Saudi, Iraq, Algeria, Tunisia, Sudan, Somalia, Maghribi, Mauritania, Yemen, Kuwait, Emirat Arab Bersatu, Oman dan Qatar yang membekalkan tentera dan kelengkapan. Mesir menerima pukulan maha dahsyat yang mana lebih 10,000 tenteranya terkorban. Angkatan udara Mesir musnah sama sekali apabila kira-kira 300 jet pejuangnya dimusnahkan di pangkalan di atas landasan. Apabila serangan berakhir, Israel menguasai Tebing Barat, Genting Gaza, Baitul Maqdis Timur, Tanah Tinggi Golan dan Semenanjung Sinai. Dalam serangan kali inilah Masjid al-Aqsa ditawan oleh Israel sehingga hari ini.


    Askar-askar IDF di Tembok Barat Jerusalem tidak lama selepas penawanannya.


    Kekalahan besar yang amat memalukan seluruh dunia Arab dan Islam 42 tahun dahulu diperingati sebagai Hari an-Naksah (Hari Kekalahan). Ini adalah tragedi besar kedua yang menimpa umat Islam dan dunia Arab khususnya. Yang pertama ialah Hari an-Nakbah (malapetaka) yang berlaku pada 15 Mei 1948 yang membawa kepada penubuhan Negara Israel di atas 77% tanah Palestin yang mereka rampas. Peristiwa an-Nakbah juga dikaitkan dengan pengusiran 800,000 rakyat Palestin yang meninggalkan negara Palestin dan menetap di negara-negara Arab khususnya Syria, Jordan, Lubnan dan Mesir (Gaza). Dengan peristiwa ini lengkaplah penaklukan Israel ke atas keseluruhan tanah Palestin dan status quo ini berterusan sehingga hari ini.

    Mesir semasa era Presiden Anwar Sadat berjaya membuat satu kejutan dengan menyerang kedudukan tentera Israel di Semenanjung Sinai dalam Perang Oktober 1973 atau Perang Ramadan. Kemenangan Mesir bagaimanapun tidak dapat disempurnakan apabila Amerika Syarikat (AS) campur tangan dan satu gencatan senjata dilaksanakan. Pertimbangan politik yang diambil oleh Mesir akhirnya membuka laluan kepada termeterainya perjanjian damai antara Mesir dan Israel pada tahun 1978. Perjanjian damai Camp David ini telah mengembalikan Semenanjung Sinai kepada Mesir. Namun harga yang terpaksa dibayar oleh rakyat Palestin khususnya di Gaza berterusan sehingga hari ini. Dengan termeterainya perjanjian Camp David, Mesir buat pertama kalinya mengiktiraf Israel dan bertanggungjawab untuk menjamin keselamatan entiti Israel terutama di sempadan Gaza. Jika laluan di Rafah ditutup pada hari ini sehingga rakyat Gaza yang tercedera dalam serangan biadap Israel pada akhir tahun 2008 dan awal 2009 tidak dibenarkan menyeberang untuk mendapat rawatan di Mesir, ia adalah kesan daripada perjanjian damai dan diplomatik yang tercipta natijah Camp David 1978.




    Apakah pula reaksi masyarakat antarabangsa melalui Pertubuhan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu? Seperti yang dijangka PBB bersidang dan meluluskan Resolusi 242 yang menghendaki Israel berundur ke garisan hijau yang diputuskan oleh perjanjian Rhodes pada tahun 1949. Ini bermakna Israel perlu keluar dari semua wilayah yang didudukinya pada bulan Jun 1967. Pendudukan ke atas wilayah Palestin di Tebing Barat, Genting Gaza dan Baitul Maqdis Timur adalah pendudukan haram dan tidak diiktiraf dunia. Walau bagaimanapun seperti yang dijangka, Israel tidak mempedulikan resolusi tersebut sebagaimana mereka tidak mempedulikan Resolusi 194 yang diputuskan pada tahun 1949, yang mana Israel wajib mengizinkan pelarian Palestin pulang ke tanah air mereka. Sehingga kini setelah 60 tahun, bilangan pelarian Palestin di khemah-khemah pelarian sudah mencecah lebih 5 juta orang. Bagi Israel, PBB adalah sebuah pertubuhan yang tidak berkuku dan tidak berkuasa untuk melaksanakan mana-mana resolusi yang tidak memihak kepada kepentingan Israel selagi mana AS berdiri teguh di samping Israel.

    Hari an-Naksah juga menandakan tarikh masjid al-Aqsa digempur dan ditawan oleh tentera Zionis. Dengan biadap tentera Israel memasuki perkarangan masjid dan melakukan perbuatan cemar yang tidak selayaknya ke atas mana-mana rumah ibadat. Semenjak tarikh tersebut, masjid al-Aqsa senantiasa terdedah kepada pelbagai ancaman dan perbuatan keji angkara Zionis. Ini termasuklah peristiwa masjid al-Aqsa yang dibakar pada 21 September 1969 yang diingati sebagai hari al-Quds setiap tahun. Mereka juga telah menggali terowong-terowong rahsia di bawah masjid dengan tujuan untuk melemahkan tapak asas masjid. Kumpulan ekstrem Zionis yang dilindungi oleh rejim Israel merancang untuk merobohkan masjid dan mendirikan synagogue (kuil) yang mereka namakan Haikal Sulaiman. Dari masa ke masa mereka akan terus menyusun makar untuk mencemar kesucian masjid. Pada bulan September 2000, Ariel Sharon, bersama 1,000 tentera Israel telah memasuki kawasan masjid dalam satu tindakan yang sengaja bertujuan untuk membangkitkan amarah rakyat Palestin dan umat Islam. Peristiwa amat biadap ini telah mencetuskan intifadah al-Aqsa yang masyhur itu. Selain daripada itu, rejim Zionis juga melaksanakan agenda meyahudikan kawasan masjid dan Baitul Maqdis Timur. Mereka bertindak merobohkan rumah rakyat Palestin, merampas tanah mereka, mengusir mereka dan membatalkan status permastautinan. Di atas tanah-tanah yang dirampas itu mereka bina unit-unit apartmen dan perumahan eksklusif untuk pendatang Yahudi. Dengan pembinaan tembok pemisah dalam wilayah Tebing Barat yang sudah menjangkau 800 km dari utara ke selatan, Israel berusaha untuk mengepung rakyat Palestin dan menyukarkan laluan mereka untuk menziarahi masjid al-Aqsa. Inilah jenayah keji yang terus menjadi agenda Israel di Palestin.

    Hari ini Israel terus berdolak-dalik dengan penyelesaian dua negara (two-state solution). Perdana Menteri yang baru terpilih, Benjamin Netanyahu tanpa rasa bersalah menolak penyelesaian dua negara dan pewujudan negara Palestin ke atas wilayah yang diduduki pada tahun 1967. Sikap ini diambil meskipun semua perjanjian damai yang ditandatangani bersama kelompok Fatah sejak dari Oslo 1990 adalah berdasarkan kepada Resolusi 242 yang diluluskan pada tahun 1967. Jika inilah pendirian yang dipertahankan oleh Israel, adakah dunia masih meletakkan harapan kepada two-state solution?


    Analisis CIA mengenai Perang Arab-Israel 1967.

    Mungkin sudah tiba masanya dunia menimbang formula yang ditawarkan oleh Hamas iaitu Israel berundur dari wilayah yang didudukinya pada tahun 1967 dan menghentikan kepungan ke atas Gaza, kemudian kedua-dua pihak membentuk satu gencatan senjata jangka panjang tanpa perlu Palestin mengiktiraf kewujudan Israel. Adapun bagi pihak Israel, terserahlah kepada mereka sama ada bersedia untuk mengiktiraf negara Palestin atau tidak. Hakikatnya mereka adalah perampas negara Palestin dan kewujudan mereka di atas wilayah Palestin yang mereka rampas dari rakyat Palestin pada tahun 1948 sendiri adalah satu kewujudan yang haram. Maka pilihan yang terbaik ialah akur kepada Resolusi 242 dan mana-mana resolusi yang berkaitan seperti 338 dan kemudian bersetuju dengan hudna atau gencatan senjata panjang. Sekurang-kurangnya keamanan ke atas wilayah yang bergolak ini dapat diwujudkan buat sementara waktu sehingga perkembangan politik antarabangsa memberi ruang kepada pelaksanaan pelan penyelesaian yang berkekalan.

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     Author| Post time 5-6-2013 08:24 PM | Show all posts
    cikatilia posted on 5-6-2013 05:27 PM
    hahaha this is interesting.

    muka mcm nerdy2 sajerk

    muka jadi nerdy sejak kematian sang kekasih..
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    Post time 6-6-2013 10:47 AM | Show all posts
    Bulgaria 2012 Bulgaria Vampire Skeletons Found in Bulgaria
    6th June, 2012 : Archaeologists found two medieval "vampire" skeletons. The skeletons had been pierced through the chest by an iron rod that was meant to pin them to their graves and to prevent them from becoming vampires.



    If you thought vampires were simply the stuff of myth and legend - and perhaps the odd teen horror film - think again.
    Archaeologists in Bulgaria have unearthed two skeletons from the Middle Ages pierced through the chest with iron rods to keep them from turning into the undead. They are the latest in a succession of finds across western and central Europe which shed new light on just how seriously people took the threat of vampires and how those beliefs transformed into the modern myth.


    Find: Two skeletons, believed to be those of suspected Medieval vampires, were discovered with iron poles plunged through their chests in the Bulgarian Black Sea town of Sozopol

    The two skeletons, believed to be around 800 years old, were discovered during an archaeological dig near a monastery in the Bulgarian Black Sea town of Sozopol.

    Bulgaria's national history museum chief Bozhidar Dimitrov said: 'These two skeletons stabbed with rods illustrate a practice which was common in some Bulgarian villages up until the first decade of the 20th century.'


    A close up of one of the 'vampire' skeletons discovered with a metal bar through its chest

    According to pagan beliefs, people who were considered bad during their lifetimes might turn into vampires after death unless stabbed in the chest with an iron or wooden rod before being buried. People believed the rod would also pin them down in their graves to prevent them from leaving at midnight and terrorising the living, the historian explained.

    According to Mr Dimitrov over 100 buried people whose corpses were stabbed to prevent them from becoming vampires have been discovered across Bulgaria over the years.

    He added: 'I do not know why an ordinary discovery like that became so popular. Perhaps because of the mysteriousness of the word "vampire".
    'These people were believed to be evil while they were alive, and it was believed that they would become vampires once they are dead, continuing to torment  people.' According to Dimitrov, 'vampires' were often aristocrats and clerics.

    He added: 'The curious thing is that there are no women among them. They were not afraid of witches.'
    However last month Italian researchers discovered what they believed to be the remains of a female 'vampire' in Venice - buried with a brick jammed between her jaws to prevent her feeding on victims of a plague which swept the city in the 16th century.
    Matteo Borrini, an anthropologist from the University of Florence, said the discovery on the small island of Lazzaretto Nuovo in the Venice lagoon supported the medieval belief that vampires were behind the spread of plagues like the Black Death.









    The skeleton was unearthed in a mass grave from the Venetian plague of 1576 - in which the artist Titian died - on Lazzaretto Nuovo, which lies around two miles northeast of Venice and was used as a sanitorium for plague sufferers.
    Borrini said: 'This is the first time that archaeology has succeeded in reconstructing the ritual of exorcism of a vampire.
    'This helps ... authenticate how the myth of vampires was born.'

    The succession of plagues which ravaged Europe between 1300 and 1700 fostered the belief in vampires, mainly because the decomposition of corpses was not well understood, Borrini said.
    Gravediggers reopening mass graves would sometimes come across bodies bloated by gas, with hair still growing, and blood seeping from their mouths and believe them to be still alive.
    The shrouds used to cover the faces of the dead were often decayed by bacteria in the mouth, revealing the corpse's teeth, and vampires became known as 'shroud-eaters.'
    According to medieval medical and religious texts, the 'undead' were believed to spread pestilence in order to suck the remaining life from corpses until they acquired the strength to return to the streets again.





    'To kill the vampire you had to remove the shroud from its mouth, which was its food like the milk of a child, and put something uneatable in there,' said Borrini.
    'It's possible that other corpses have been found with bricks in their mouths, but this is the first time the ritual has been recognised.'
    While legends about blood-drinking ghouls date back thousands of years, the modern figure of the vampire was encapsulated in the Irish author Bram Stoker's 1897 novel 'Dracula,' based on 18th century eastern European folktales.

    source:
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2154837/Vampire-skeletons-unearthed-Bulgaria-iron-stakes-plunged-chests.html

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     Author| Post time 6-6-2013 11:46 AM | Show all posts
    cikatilia posted on 6-6-2013 10:47 AM
    Bulgaria 2012 Bulgaria Vampire Skeletons Found in Bulgaria
    6th June, 2012 : Archaeologists found t ...

    kejamnya siksa mayat..yg brick tu sampai terkuar rahang gigi..
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    Post time 6-6-2013 11:57 AM | Show all posts
    novelloverzz posted on 6-6-2013 11:46 AM
    kejamnya siksa mayat..yg brick tu sampai terkuar rahang gigi..

    kan??

    taksub sgt
    percaya sgt dgn drakula...


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    Post time 7-6-2013 09:03 AM | Show all posts
    Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah - 07 Jun | Perjanjian Raffles - Sultan Hussain Dan Temenggong Abd. Rahman
    PERJANJIAN RAFFLES - SULTAN HUSSAIN DAN TEMENGGONG ABD. RAHMAN

    Pada hari ini, 7.6.1823, satu perjanjian telah ditandatangani di antara Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdul Rahman dan Sultan Hussain (Sultan Singapura) yang diangkat oleh Inggeris.
    Perjanjian tersebut ditandatangani setelah Inggeris yang mencari bandar pelabuhan di Selatan Tanah Melayu untuk kepentingan perdagangannya, mendarat di Pulau Singapura dan menawarkan perlindungan kepada Temenggong pada 30 Januari 1819 sebagai balasan untuk mendirikan loji di pulau itu.
    Temenggong terpaksa menerima tawaran Inggeris, kerana bimbang diserang apabila mendapati Inggeris mendarat dengan segala kelengkapan perang.
    Raffles juga bertindak mengangkat Tengku Long dari Riau menjadi Sultan Singapura, bergelar Sultan Hussain dan mengadakan persetujuan tanpa pengetahuan Sultan Abdul Rahman di Lingga yang memegang tampuk pemerintahan Johor - Riau ketika itu.
    Perjanjian dan perlantikan Sultan Hussain ini telah menimbulkan kemarahan Sultan Johor - Riau dan juga Belanda. Ia dianggap tidak sah dan Inggeris dituduh menceroboh.
    Perjanjian itu telah ditandatangani bagi tujuan mendapatkan kebebasan penuh di Pulau Singapura. Antara syarat-syarat perjanjian itu ialah:

    1.Sultan menerima bayaran sebanyak satu ribu lima ratus ringgit setiap bulan dan Temenggong pula menerima lapan ratus ringgit setiap bulan;
    2.Sultan dan Temenggong tidak berhak menerima atau mengutip cukai dari tongkang-tongkang Cina yang keluar masuk pelabuhan;
    3. Inggeris berkuasa di seluruh Pulau Singapura dan pulau-pulau berdekatan kecuali kawasan atau pulau tempat kediaman Sultan dan Temenggong;
    4. Sultan hanya boleh menghakimkan hukum-hukum agama dan adat; - Inggeris tidak akan campurtangan dalam urusan pemerintahan Sultan dalam jajahan takluknya;
    5. Inggeris diberi kuasa memonopoli perusahaan kayu balak.

    Perjanjian dirancang oleh Inggeris bagi mengukuhkan lagi kedudukannya di Singapura di samping menghadapi pengaruh Belanda.


    Sumber : www.arkib.gov.my, www.gempak.org

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