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[INFORMASI] [LUBUK KREDIT] HARI INI DALAM SEJARAH

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Author: novelloverzz       Show all posts   Read mode

Post time 12-6-2013 08:51 AM | Show all posts
11 June 1509 C The Wedding of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon                                
                               

On the 11th June 1509 the 17 year-old King Henry VIII married the 23 year-old Catherine of Aragon, widow of Arthur Prince of Wales, Henrys brother, in the Queens closet at Greenwich Palace. It was a private ceremony with just two witnesses, Lord Steward Shrewsbury and William Thomas, a groom of the privy chamber, so was nothing like Catherines previous wedding to Arthur which took place at St Pauls Cathedral and is said to be one of the most expensive royal weddings in history. The wedding was probably low key because the couples joint coronation was taking place less than two weeks later, and that would be a lavish affair.




On this day in history, 11th June 1509, the new King, Henry VIII, married his brothers widow, Catherine of Aragon, at Greenwich Palace.Catherine of Aragons biographer, Giles Tremlett, points out that this was not a huge public affair like Catherines first marriage and that there was something almost clandestine about the way Catherine married her new husband1. Instead of marrying at St Pauls with a crowd of spectators, the 23 year old Catherine and 17 year old Henry had a private wedding in one of the Queens Closets at the Palace, possibly in the Palaces Chapel Royal.
The vows would were based on the treaty between Henry VII and Catherines parents, Isabel I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, after the death of Prince Arthur when Catherine was promised to the 11 year old Prince Henry, Duke of York. According to the Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Henry was asked:
Most illustrious Prince, is it your will to fulfil the treaty of marriage concluded by your father, the late King of England, and the parents of the Princess of Wales, the King and Queen of Spain; and, as the Pope has dispensed with this marriage, to take the Princess who is here present for your lawful wife? 2
And Catherine would have been asked the equivalent question. Both would have replied Volo[I will]3.

Although the wedding was low key, preparations were being made for a lavish joint coronation which was due to take place on the 24th June, the feast day of St John the Baptist and by their reckoning, Midsummer Day. That day would be their day of triumph and celebration, after all, it was a new era and this golden Renaissance couple had their whole future ahead of them as King and Queen of England.





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Post time 12-6-2013 11:49 AM | Show all posts
June 12, 1898: Declaration of Philippine Independence

Brig. Gen. Robert P. Hughes told the US Congress that Filipinos who wanted freedom had "no more idea of its meaning than a shepherd dog." An early statement of American policy declared that only through American occupation was the idea of a free, self-governing and united Filipino commonwealth at all conceivable.

A tattered flag of the First Philippine Republic, one of  many used during the struggle for independence.  The flag believed by heirs of Emilio Aguinaldo to be that unfurled by the general in Kawit, Cavite, in 1898 is encased in glass at the Aguinaldo Museum on Happy Glen Loop in Baguio City; however, the National Historical Institute has yet to authenticate this flag despite years of probing.  In his letter to Capt. Emmanuel Baja dated June 11, 1925, Aguinaldo mentioned that in their Northward retreat during the Filipino-American War, the original flag was lost somewhere in Tayug, Pangasinan Province; the Americans captured the town on Nov. 11, 1899.

The Aguinaldo Mansion as it looked in 1914

The Aguinaldo mansion in Kawit, Cavite, site of the historic Proclamation of Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898 was declared a national shrine in June 1964. General Emilio Aguinaldo died on Feb. 6, 1964. The balcony did not exist in the 19th century; likewise, although he unfurled it, it wasn't Aguinaldo who waved the Philippine flag from the central window; Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista did.
On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the independence of the Filipinos and the birth of the Philippine Republic under the protection of the mighty and humane North American Union..


This momentous event took place in Cavite el Viejo ("Old Cavite", now Kawit), Cavite Province. Admiral Dewey had been invited but did not attend. The Filipino national flag was officially unfurled for the first time at 4:20 PM. The same flag was actually unfurled, albeit unofficially, on May 28, 1898 at the Teatro  Caviteño in Cavite Nuevo---now CaviteCity---right after the battle of Alapan, Imus, Cavite, and again three days later over the Spanish barracks at Binakayan, Cavite, after the Filipinos scored another victory.

Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista (LEFT), War Counsellor and Special Delegate, solemnly read the Acta de la Proclamacion de la Independencia del Pueblo Filipino. The declaration was signed by 97 Filipinos and one retired American artillery officer, Colonel L.M. Johnson (RIGHT). Contrary to common belief, it was Bautista, and not Aguinaldo, who waved the Philippine flag before the jubilant crowd.
He was born on Dec. 7, 1830, in Biñan, Laguna Province. He graduated from the Universidad de Santo Tomaswith a  Bachelor of Laws degree. He was known as Don Bosyong to peasants and laborers who availed themselves of his free legal services.
When the Philippine-American War ended, Bautista was appointed as judge of the Court of First Instance of Pangasinan Province.  He died of a fatal fall from a horse-drawn carriage on Dec. 4, 1903, at the age of 73.
The June 12 proclamation was later modified by another proclamation done at Malolos, Bulacan, upon the insistence of Apolinario Mabini, chief adviser for General Aguinaldo, who objected to the original proclamation, which essentially placed the Philippines under the protection of the United States.
Apolinario Mabini (LEFT), also known as the "Sublime Paralytic", was a lawyer, statesman, political philosopher, and teacher who served in the Aguinaldo cabinet as President of the Council of Secretaries (Prime Minister) and as Secretary of Foreign Affairs. He wrote most of Aguinaldo's decrees to the Filipino people. An important document he produced was the "Programa Constitucional de la Republica Filipina," a proposed constitution for the Philippine Republic. An introduction to the draft of this constitution was the "El Verdadero Decalogo" written to arouse the patriotic spirit of the Filipinos.
Mabini was born on July 23, 1864 in Talaga, Tanauan, Batangas Province.  He studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran where he received his Bachelor of Arts and  at theUniversidad de Santo Tomas where he received his law degree in 1894.
Early in 1896, he contracted an illness that led to the paralysis of his lower limbs.  He was a member of Jose Rizal's La Liga Filipina and worked secretly for the introduction of reforms in the administration of government.
When the revolution broke out on Aug. 30, 1896, the Spanish authorities arrested him. His physical infirmity, however, made the Spaniards believe that they had made a mistake.
The San Juan de Dios Hospital on Calle Real, Intramuros district, Manila.  Photo taken between 1898 and 1902
On July 5, 1897 Mabini was released from prison and sent to the San Juan de Dios Hospital.
Calle Real today, showing same street corner in preceding photo; the San Juan de Dios Hospital has relocated to Pasay City, Metro Manila
In June 1898, while vacationing in Los Baños, Laguna Province, Aguinaldo sent for him. He also headed the revolutionary congress and Aguinaldo's cabinet until he was replaced by Pedro Paterno on May 7, 1899.
Marcella Agoncillo and family in Hong Kong. They rented a house at 535 Morrison Hill Road, which became the sanctuary and meeting place of the other Filipino revolutionary exiles.
The Philippine flag was sewn in Hong Kong  by Marcela Mariño Agoncillo; she was assisted by her 7-year-old daughter, Lorenza, and Delfina Rizal Herbosa Natividad. The generals of the eight provinces which revolted against Spain had replicas and copies made of the original flag.
Marcela Mariño (RIGHT) was born in Taal, Batangas Province on June 24, 1860.  Tall and stately,  she was reputedly the prettiest woman in Batangas in her younger years. She finished her education in the Dominican convent of the Colegio de Santa Catalina in the walled district of Intramuros, Manila. She learned Spanish, music, the feminine crafts and social graces. She was also a noted singer and occasionally appeared in zarzuelas in Batangas. [zarzuelasare plays that alternate between spoken and sung scenes].
She married Felipe Agoncillo, a Filipino lawyer who became the leading diplomat of the First Philippine Republic. They had five children, namely:  Lorenza, Gregoria, Eugenia, Marcela, Adela and Maria.
On May 30, 1946, Marcela Agoncillo passed away quietly at the age of 86.

The Philippine National Anthem, then known as "Marcha Nacional Filipina", was played by the band of San Francisco de Malabon during the declaration of independence. It was composed by Professor Julian Felipe (RIGHT) but it had no lyrics yet. The composition had similarities with the Spanish "Himno Nacional Español." Felipe admitted that he purposely put into his composition some melodic reminiscences of the Spanish National Anthem "in order to preserve the memory of Spain."
Felipe was born in Cavite Nuevo (now Cavite City) on Jan. 28, 1861. A dedicated music teacher and composer, he was appointed by Emilio Aguinaldo as Director of the National Band of the First Philippine Republic.
His composition was adopted as the Philippine national anthem on Sept. 5, 1938.
He died in Sampaloc, Manila on Oct. 2, 1944.



To suit the music of  "Marcha Nacional Filipina",   Professor Jose Isaac Palma wrote a poem in Spanish  entitled, "Filipinas" which was published for the first time in the first anniversary issue of the revolutionary newspaper "La Independencia" on Sept 3, 1899. It became the lyrics of the national hymn.
Palma  was born in Tondo, Manila on June 3, 1876. He was educated at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila. He joined the Katipunan in 1896 as an ordinary soldier but later General Antonio Luna who put up "La Independencia",  which became the official newspaper of the Republic, took him in to edit the Tagalog section.
He wrote "Filipinas" in the house of Doña Romana G. vda de Favis at sitio Estacion (nowBarangay Poblacion West), Bautista, Pangasinan Province (Bautista was the old  barrio  Nibaliw of Bayambang; on June 24, 1900, Nibaliw was renamed "Bautista", in honor of San Juan de Bautista or John the Baptist, and upgraded into a separate municipality).


1898: La Independencia staff, with pennames.  FRONT row (L to R):  Fernando Ma. Guerrero (Fulvio Gil), Joaquin Luna, Cecilio Apostol (Catulo)...MIDDLE row (L to R): General Antonio Luna (Taga-Ilog), Florentina Arellano, Rose Sevilla, Salvador del Rosario (X orJuan Tagalo)...BACK row (L to R):  Mariano del Rosario (Tito-Tato), Clemente Jose Zulueta (M. Kaun), Jose C. Abreu (Kaibigan), Epifanio de los Santos (G. Solon), Rafael Palma (Hapon or Dapithapon).




A few members of the "La Independencia" staff (ABOVE) were the first to sing the words of this poem to the tune of the "Marcha." Among themwere Cecilio Apostol, another literary genius during this time; Jose Palma's brilliant brother, Rafael, later to become the president of the University of the Philippines; Fernando Ma. Guerrero who became the editor of "La Opinion" and "El Renacimiento", Epifanio delos Santos, and Rosa Sevilla de Alvero (RIGHT), a journalist,  social worker, educator and women's suffrage advocate.
Palma died in Manila, on Feb. 12, 1903.
The first translation into English of Palma's poem was written in the 1920s by Paz Marquez Benitez of the University of the Philippines. The most popular translation, called the "Philippine Hymn", was written by Senator Camilo Osias and an American, Mary A. Lane. The "Philippine Hymn" was legalized by an act of the Philippine Congress on Sept. 5, 1938. Filipino translations started appearing during the 1940s, the most popular being O Sintang Lupa ("O Beloved Land") by  Julian Cruz Balmaceda, Ildefonso Santos and Francisco Caballo. O Sintang Lupawas approved as the national anthem in 1948. On May 26, 1956, during the term of President Ramon Magsaysay, the Tagalog words were revised. Minor revisions were made in 1966, and it is this final version which is in use today.


The Filipino national flag was hoisted for the first time by Emilio Aguinaldo onMay 28, 1898 at the Teatro Caviteño. The urfurling was witnessed  by about 270 captured Spanish marines and a large group of officers and men of the U.S. Asiatic Squadron.

Filipina mestiza poses with a rifle

The San Francisco Call, June 29, 1898

Filipino women and girls in Bacoor, Cavite Province. Photo was taken in 1898.

Facsimile of a pass issued from Bacoor, Cavite Province, by President Emilio Aguinaldo to Associated Press correspondent Martin Egan.  Written in Tagalog, the main dialect in Manila and nearby provinces, it says: "Ang may taglay nito na Americano G Egan ay biniguiang pahintulot na makapaglagos sa kanyang pakay, Kavite 2 Julio 1898 Ang Dictador. (signed) EAguinaldo." A free translation is as follows: "The bearer, the American Mr. Egan, has been given permission to cross Filipino lines in the pursuit of his objectives, Cavite July 2, 1898. The Dictator, (signed) E. Aguinaldo."

sumber :http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/philippineindependence.htm


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Post time 12-6-2013 11:54 AM | Show all posts
MATAWANG BARU MALAYSIA

HARI INI DALAM SEJARAH MALAYSIA


Tarikh Peristiwa pada 12-06-1967


Sumber : http://www.arkib.gov.my/


Pada hari ini 12.6.1967 matawang baru Malaysia mula digunakan. Inilah pertama kalinya matawang Malaysia menggunakan nilai RINGGIT sebagai nilai tukaran antarabangsa. Dalam satu kenyataan di Bilik Gerakan Negara, Menteri Kewangan, Encik Tan Siew Sin memberi jaminan bahawa nilai matawang baru ini tidak berubah harganya dan tetap teguh baik di dalam mahu pun di luar negeri; yang berubah ialah bentuk rupanya sahaja.

Keteguhan nilai matawang Malaysia adalah disebabkan oleh kekuatan ekonominya termasuk kedudukan wang hasil dalam negeri, dan juga simpanan pertukaran wang luar yang besar. Wang baru ini menukarkan yang lama dengan kadar yang sama iaitu satu ringgit wang lama bersamaan satu ringgit wang baru.

Ketibaan wang baru ini disambut dari London di Port Swettenham dalam satu gerakan kawalan keselamatan yang rapi dan ketat. Wang-wang kertas dan syiling baru ini kemudiannya disimpan di Pejabat Matawang, Bank Negara Malaysia di Batu Tiga, Shah Alam untuk diedar dan digunakan di seluruh negara mulai hari ini dalam tahun 1967.

Wang wang yang diedar dan digunakan itu adalah dalam bentuk wang kertas yang bernilai $1, $5, $10 dan $100 dengan tiap-tiap satunya tertera gambar wajah Seri Paduka Baginda Yang Dipertuan Agong I di permukaannya; sementara wang syiling pula bernilai 1, 5,10,20 dan 50 dengan permukaan di sebelah belakang bertatahkan Bangunan Parlimen dan bulan bintang berbucu tiga belas. Kedua-kedua wang baru dan lama itu sama-sama dipakai sehinggalah wang lama ditarik balik pengedarannya






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Post time 12-6-2013 12:01 PM | Show all posts
12 JUN 1967 - DUIT SYILING MALAYSIA SIRI PERTAMA DIPERKENALKAN.

Siri pertama duit syiling Malaysia hanya mula diperkenalkan pada 12 Jun 1967 dengan nilai 1 sen, 5 sen, 10 sen, 20 sen, 50 sen dan diikuti oleh pengenalan duit syiling 1 ringgit (yang menggunakan simbol "$" duit syiling terbesar dalam siri ini) pada 1 Mei 1971. Duit syiling siri pertama juga dikenali sebagai "siri Parlimen" dikalangan pengumpul duit lama kerana gambar parlimen di belakang syiling tersebut. Pada ketika ini, kebanyakan duit syiling siri pertama adalah amat sukar ditemui di dalam edaran. Namun, lama bukan bererti harganya hingga berlipat kali ganda seperti yang anda lihat di dalam iklan mudah.my. Ketika duit pertama Malaysia ini digunakan, duit lama British & Malaya Borneo masih lagi boleh digunakan sehingga ianya ditarik balik pada 16 Januari 1969.



Rekabentuk hadapan duit syiling $1



Rekabentuk hadapan duit syiling 1, 5, 10, 20 dan 50 sen


Pada bahagian hadapan siri ini kelihatan bangunan Parlimen di Kuala Lumpur, sebagai lambang demokrasi Malaysia. Lambang bulan sabit dan bintang berbucu 13 diambil daripada bendera Malaysia, melambangkan Malaysia sebagai negara Islam dan 13 buah negeri di Malaysia. Rekabentuk bahagian belakang untuk duit syiling seringgit adalah berbeza dengan duit syiling yang lain; Lambang bulan dan bintangnya lebih besar dan bintangnya berbucu 14 berbanding berbucu 13 untuk duit 1, 5, 10, 20 dan 50 sen. Pada bahagian belakang, nilai denominasi tertera ditengah-tengah dan di apit bahagian tepi oleh bunga raya, bunga kebangsaan Malaysia. Duit syiling ini direka oleh Geoffrey Colley dan anda boleh menemui ukiran "GC" di bahagian hadapan duit syiling siri ini, dibawah bangunan Parlimen. Namun, ada juga duit syiling yang tidak mempunyai ukiran GC kerana masalah die syiling (alat untuk menempa duit syiling) yang tersumbat.



Syiling 1 sen Parlimen

Spesifikasi Teknikal:
Nilai muka: 1 sen.
Diameter: 17.7 mm.
Berat: 1.94 gm.
Komposisi: Copper (1967-1973) Copper Clad Steel (1973-1988).
Sisi: Plain.
Mint: Royal Mint, UK., Hamburg Mint, Germany & Kilang Wang Shah Alam.



Syiling 5 sen Parlimen

Spesifikasi Teknikal:
Nilai muka: 5 sen.
Diameter: 16.2 mm.
Berat: 1.41 gm.
Komposisi: Copper -Nickel.
Sisi: Milled.
Mint: Royal Mint, UK & Kilang Wang Shah Alam.



Syiling 10 sen Parlimen


Spesifikasi Teknikal:
Nilai muka: 10 sen.
Diameter: 19.4 mm.
Berat: 2.82 gm.
Komposisi: Copper -Nickel.
Sisi: Milled.
Mint: Royal Mint, UK & Kilang Wang Shah Alam.



Syiling 20 sen Parlimen

Spesifikasi Teknikal:
Nilai muka: 20 sen.
Diameter: 23.5 mm.
Berat: 5.65 gm.
Komposisi: Copper -Nickel.
Sisi: Milled.
Mint: Royal Mint, UK., Hamburg Mint, Germany & Kilang Wang Shah Alam.



Syiling 50 sen Parlimen

Spesifikasi Teknikal:
Nilai muka: 50 sen.
Diameter: 27.7 mm.
Berat: 9.33 gm.
Komposisi: Copper -Nickel.
Sisi: Security Edge.
Mint: Royal Mint, UK & Kilang Wang Shah Alam.



Syiling $1 ringgit Parlimen

Spesifikasi Teknikal:
Nilai muka: 1 ringgit.
Diameter: 33.9 mm.
Berat: 17.00 gm.
Komposisi: Copper -Nickel.
Sisi : Huruf ukir "BANK NEGARA MALAYSIA"
Mint:  Kilang Wang Shah Alam.


sumber : http://www.malaysiancoin.com/201 ... a-siri-pertama.html

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Post time 13-6-2013 01:29 PM | Show all posts
CADANGAN PENUBUHAN KOLEJ PEREMPUAN MELAYU

Tarikh Peristiwa pada 13-06-1939

Pada  hari  ini  dalam  tahun  1939,   Cadangan  untuk  menubuhkan  sebuah  Kolej Perempuan  Melayu  telah  diutarakan  oleh  salah  seorang  Ahli  Dewan  Persekutuan iaitu  Tuan  Sheikh  Ahmad  bin  Sheikh  Marzuki.   Cadangan  itu  telah  dibuat  oleh beliau  dalam  satu  Majlis  Mesyuarat  Kerajaan  Negeri  Sembilan  di  Seremban.  Tujuan  utama  penubuhan Kolej  Perempuan  Melayu  ini  ialah  untuk  memenuhi  keperluan  sebuah  kolej  bagi  memberi  pendidikan  pelajaran  Inggeris  secara  khusus kepada  pelajar-pelajar  perempuan.   Cadangan  untuk  merealisasikan  penubuhan  Kolej ini  mengambil  tempoh  yang  agak  panjang  untuk  dilaksanakan  kerana  pihak kerajaan  pada  ketika  itu  menghadapi  masalah  kekurangan  peruntukan.  Akhirnya hasrat  penubuhannya  menjadi  kenyataan  apabila  telah  dirasmikan  pada 1 November 1947  oleh  Lady Gent  iaitu  isteri  kepada  Sir  Edward  Gent  iaitu  Gabenor Persekutuan  Tanah  Melayu.  Kumpulan  perintis   pelajar  sekolah  terdiri  daripada  41 orang  pelajar  perempuan  telah  terima  kemasukannya  pada 16 Oktober 1947.  Kolej Perempuan  Melayu  ini  pada  awalnya  terletak  di Kuala  Lumpur dan  telah  berpindah ke Seremban pada tahun 1962, apabila bangunan barunya yang bernilai $ 1.5 juta siap dibina.  Sesungguhnya, bidang  pendidikan merupakan perkara yang sentiasa menjadi agenda utama kerajaan dalam memastikan kemerdekaan negara dapat dikekalkan.       

http://hids.arkib.gov.my/readarticle.php?article_id=294

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Post time 13-6-2013 01:30 PM | Show all posts
PINDAAN TERHADAP PERKARA 46 PELEMBAGAAN PERSEKUTUAN

Tarikh Peristiwa pada 13-06-1973

Sejak daripada pilihanraya yang pertama diadakan pada 1955, jumlah kerusi Dewan Rakyat telah mengalami banyak pertambahan sehinggalah hari ini sebanyak 192 kerusi di Dewan Rakyat. Pada hari ini 13.06.1973 Parlimen telah meluluskan satu pindaan terhadap perkara 46 Pelembagaan Persekutuan.   Pindaan ini adalah bagi menambahkan kerusi Dewan Rakyat daripada 144 kepada 154. Pilihanraya yang pertama kali diadakan pada 1955, sebanyak 52 kerusi telah diperuntukan bagi memilih ahli-ahli dalam Majlis Persekutuan. Dalam tahun 1958, Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya telah menambahkan jumlah kerusi kepada 104 buah kerusi mengikuti peruntukan artikel 171 pelembagaan 1957.  Apabila pilihanraya pertama diadakan pada tahun 1959, sebanyak 104 kerusi telah dipertandingkan. Kemasukan Sabah, Sarawak dan Singapura pada 16 September 1963, jumlah kerusi Dewan Rakyat telah bertambah kepada 159 iaitu tambahan 15 kerusi (Singapura) 16 kerusi (Sabah) dan 24 kerusi (Sarawak). Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya melalui peruntukan Perkara 113 Fasa 1 Pelembagaan Persekutuan membenarkan Suruhanjaya Pilihahraya untuk mengadakan kajian terhadap bahagian-bahagian pilihahraya persekutuan dan negeri. Perubahan-perubahan yang berlaku ke atas Dewan Rakyat dilaksanakan pada asasnya ekoran daripada pertambahannya bilangan pengundi-pengundi berdaftar bagi sesuatu kawasan pilihanraya.

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Post time 13-6-2013 01:34 PM | Show all posts
PEMBUKAAN RASMI IBUSAWAT TELEFON ELEKTRONIK KERAMAT

Tarikh Peristiwa pada 13-06-1979

Pada hari ini 13.06.1979, sebuah ibu sawat telefon elektronik telah dibuka dengan rasminya di Keramat, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur. Upacara perasmian dilakukan oleh Dato' Mohd. Najib Tun Razak, Timbalan Menteri Tenaga, Telekom dan Pos. Ibu sawat yang dibina di bawah Rancangan Malaysia ke-3 dengan harga 10.2 juta ringgit ini merupakan satu lagi pemodenan dan kemajuan bidang perkhidmatan telefon di negara ini. Ia diperlengkapkan dengan 10 ribu talian pelanggan dan akan diperkembangkan kepada 40 ribu talian bila perlu. Pembinaan ibusawat ini adalah bagi menampung keperluan di sekitar kawasan Kampung Datuk Keramat, Ulu Kelang dan Ampang yang sedang pesat membangun dalam bidang perumahan dan perindustrian. Berucap di majlis perasmian ibu sawat tersebut Datuk Najib memberitahu bahawa ibu sawat ini mempunyai keistimewaan kemudahan dail terus ke seberang laut yang bertaraf antarabangsa. Ianya memiliki kemudahan 'International Subscriber Dialing' ISD yang dilancarkan pada 17 Mei 1979 dan kini membenarkan panggilan ke United Kingdom, Australia, Hong Kong dan Jepun. Perkhidmatan ini akan diperluaskan di seluruh Malaysia dan ke negara-negara besar yang lain. Jabatan Telekom sentiasa memodenkan alat-alat di ibu sawat telefon bagi meninggikan mutu perkhidmatannya. Komputer digunakan untuk menyimpan data-data dan rekod pemohon-pemohon telefon dan tempat yang dipohon. Ini mempercepatkan lagi kerja merancang kabel di tempat yang dipohon. Di samping itu penggunaan komputer untuk 'Directory Enquiry' turut dirancang bagi membantu operator melayan pertanyaan pelanggan secara lebih cepat dan cekap. Sesungguhnya setiap perancangan yang dibuat ini merupakan kemajuan yang akan dinikmati oleh semua rakyat.

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Post time 14-6-2013 05:41 PM | Show all posts
bianglala posted on 12-6-2013 12:01 PM
12 JUN 1967 - DUIT SYILING MALAYSIA SIRI PERTAMA DIPERKENALKAN.

Siri pertama duit syiling Malaysi ...


tiba2 rindu syiling lama tuh



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Post time 14-6-2013 05:48 PM | Show all posts
Nelson Mandela: Sentenced To Life Imprisonment On June 14 1964

On this day in 1964, Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment and was sent to Robben Island, seven miles off Cape Town, sparking international protests.

He served 27 years before becoming president in the countrys first fully representative democratic election.

As president, Mandela prioritised reconciliation between South Africa's black and white communities as swell as enacting sweeping reforms aimed at reducing inequality.



Nelson Mandela served 27 years in prison
On Friday, Mandela remained in a serious but stable condition in a Pretoria hospital, where he has been for almost a week.

The former leader was admitted on Saturday after a recurrence of a lung condition.



source: http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/06/13/nelson-mandela-sentenced-life-imprisonment-june-14-1964_n_3434725.html?utm_hp_ref=uk
additional source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/12/newsid_3006000/3006437.stm


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Post time 15-6-2013 08:51 AM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 14-6-2013 05:41 PM
tiba2 rindu syiling lama tuh

aku ada syiling $1 tu satu. jadi la buat kenangan.
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Post time 15-6-2013 08:53 AM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 14-6-2013 05:48 PM
Nelson Mandela: Sentenced To Life Imprisonment On June 14 1964

On this day in 1964, Nelson Mandel ...

masa muda nampak sangat tough. sekarang ni tengah tak sihat kan... banyak kali dah masuk hospital tahun ni.

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Post time 15-6-2013 09:12 AM | Show all posts
bianglala posted on 15-6-2013 08:51 AM
aku ada syiling $1 tu satu. jadi la buat kenangan.

aku mcm ada dulu
tp mana tah letak.. sepah2
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Post time 16-6-2013 02:07 PM | Show all posts
BATAAN DEATH MARCH, 10 April 1942


The Bataan Death March began on April 10, 1942, when the Japanese assembled about 78,000 prisoners (12,000 U.S. and 66,000 Filipino). They began marching up the east coast of Bataan. Although they didn't know it, their destination was Camp O'Donnell, north of the peninsula.

The men, already desperately weakened by hunger and disease, suffered unspeakably during the March. Regardless of their condition, POWs who could not continue or keep up with the pace were summarily executed. Even stopping to relieve oneself could bring death, so many chose to continue walking while relieving themselves.



Some of the guards made a sport of hurting or killing the POWs. The Marchers were beaten with rifle butts, shot or bayoneted without reason. Most of the POWs got rid of their helmets because some by Japanese soldiers on passing trucks hit them with rifle butts. Some enemy soldiers savagely toyed with POWs by dragging them behind trucks with a rope around the neck. Japanese guards also gave the POWs the "sun treatment" by making them sit in the sweltering heat of the direct sun for hours at a time without shade.

The Death Marchers received almost no water or food, further weakening their fragile bodies. Most POWs only received a total of a few cups of rice, and little or no water. Sympathetic Filipinos alongside the road tried to give POWs food and water, but if a guard saw it, the POW and the Filipino helper could be beaten or killed. Some POWs had the water in their canteens poured out onto the road or taken by the Japanese just to be cruel. Although thirst began to drive some of the men mad, if a POW broke ranks to drink stagnant, muddy water at the side of the road, he would be bayoneted or shot. Groups of POWs were often deliberately stopped in front of the many artesian wells. These wells poured out clean water, but the POWs were not allowed to drink it. Some were killed just because they asked for water. The POWs marched roughly 65 miles over the course of about six days until they reached San Fernando. There, groups as large as 115 men were forced into boxcars designed to hold only 30-40 men. Boxcars were so full that the POWs could not sit down. This caused more to die of heat exhaustion and suffocation in the cars on the ride from San Fernando to Capas. The POWs then walked seven more miles to Camp O'Donnell. At the entrance to the camp, the POWs were told to lay out the few possessions they still had; any POW found with any Japanese-made items or money was executed on the spot.

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Post time 17-6-2013 04:04 PM | Show all posts
momod, sorry artikel lari tarikh tp still in June. ya hampun..

At 12:10 am [14] on June 13, 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were found murdered outside Brown's Bundy Drive condo in the Brentwood area of Los Angeles. O.J. Simpson and Nicole Brown Simpson had divorced two years earlier. Evidence found and collected at the scene led police to suspect that O.J. Simpson was the murderer. Nicole had been stabbed multiple times in the head and neck with defense wounds on her hands. The wound through her neck was gaping, through which the larynx could be seen, and vertebra C3 was also incised.


OJ & Nicole


ronald goldman

Nicole and O.J.
Nicole Brown met former pro football player O.J. Simpson at a Beverly Hills nightclub when she was 18 and he was a 30-year-old married father. After divorcing his wife, Simpson married the attractive blond on Feb. 2, 1985. They later had a daughter, Sydney, and a son, Justin.

Just Friends
After seven years of marriage that included allegations of physical abuse against her husband, Nicole Brown Simpson filed for divorce in 1992. Two years later, she met Ron Goldman, a 25-year-old aspiring actor who was 10 years her junior. Reportedly just friends, the pair spent a lot of time together and Nicole even allowed Ron to drive her white Ferrari.

Midnight Stabbing
Just after midnight on June 13, 1994, Los Angeles police found Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman brutally stabbed to death at her home.



c



tertuduh


Bloody Scene
Nicole Brown Simpson's body was found in a pool of blood with gashes in her upper body and throat. Ron Goldman, stabbed 22 times, was found next to her against a garden fence. Detectives discovered blood in several locations, including the stairs.

Sleeping Soundly
Before the bodies were taken from the house, police sealed off the area to collect evidence. Sydney, then 9, and Justin, then 6, were sleeping upstairs as police began their investigation.

sydney & justin with OJ & nicole

The Nation Transfixed
Five days after the murders, the nation watched as news cameras followed O.J. Simpson traveling in a white Ford Bronco being pursued by police. The low-speed chase ended 60 miles later, when Simpson returned to his Brentwood home. Simpson emerged from the mansion at 8:51 p.m.

I Surrender
Following his surrender, Simpson was arrested on June 17, 1994. He was held without bail and charged with double murder.


Dream Team
Opening statements kicked off O.J. Simpson's double murder trial on Jan. 24, 1995. His chief defense lawyer, Robert Shapiro, headed the high-profile legal team that included attorneys F. Lee Bailey, Alan Dershowitz, Johnnie Cochran, Robert Kardashian (daddy to our Kim K) , Barry Scheck and Peter Neufeld.



Key Evidence
A pair of bloody gloves became a focal point of the physical evidence in the trial. Prosecutors said a right-handed glove was found in O.J. Simpson's home, while an apparently matching left-handed glove full of blood was recovered from the murder scene. To support their theory that the gloves were of the same set, prosecutors asked Simpson to try on the gloves in court on June 15, 1995. Simpson struggled, saying they were too small for his hands.


Stunning Verdict
After nine months of testimony, the jury rendered its verdict on Oct. 3, 1995 -- not guilty on both counts. After each of the two verdicts was read, Simpson mouthed "thank you" to the jury and waved in gratitude.

Justice For Sale
Others, however, believed O.J. Simpson was guilty and was able to win an acquittal because of his high-priced team of lawyers and experts. A civil jury later agreed, finding he was liable for the deaths of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman and awarding a $33.5 million judgment.


In 1995, he was acquitted of the 1994 murder of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman after a lengthy and internationally publicized criminal trial, the People v. Simpson. In 1997, a civil court awarded a judgment against Simpson for their wrongful deaths; to date he has paid little of the $33.5 million penalty.[2]
In September 2007, Simpson was arrested in Las Vegas, Nevada, and charged with numerous felonies, including armed robbery and kidnapping.[3] In 2008, he was found guilty[4][5] and sentenced to 33 years' imprisonment, with a minimum of nine years without parole.[6] He is serving his sentence at the Lovelock Correctional Center in Lovelock, Nevada.[7]

In January 2008, Simpson was taken into custody in Florida and flown to Las Vegas, where he was incarcerated at the county jail for allegedly violating the terms of his bail by attempting to contact Clarence "C.J." Stewart, a co-defendant in the trial. District Attorney David Roger of Clark County provided District Court Judge Jackie Glass with evidence that Simpson had violated his bail terms. A hearing took place on January 16, 2008. Glass raised Simpson's bail to US$250,000 and ordered that he remain in county jail until 15 percent was paid in cash.[55] Simpson posted bond that evening and returned to Miami the next day.[56]
Simpson and his co-defendant were found guilty of all charges on October 3, 2008.[4] On October 10, 2008, O. J. Simpson's counsels moved for new trial (trial de novo) on grounds of judicial errors (two African-American jurors were dismissed) and insufficient evidence.[57] Galanter announced he would appeal to the Nevada Supreme Court if Judge Glass denied the motion.[57] The attorney for Simpson's co-defendant, C.J. Stewart, petitioned for a new trial, alleging Stewart should have been tried separately, and cited perceived misconduct by the jury foreman, Paul Connelly.[57][58][59]
Simpson faced a possible life sentence with parole on the kidnapping charge, and mandatory prison time for armed robbery.[60] On December 5, 2008, Simpson was sentenced to a total of thirty-three years in prison[61] with the possibility of parole after about nine years, in 2017.[6] On September 4, 2009, the Nevada Supreme Court denied a request for bail during Simpson's appeal. In October 2010, the Nevada Supreme Court affirmed his convictions.[62] He is now serving his sentence at the Lovelock Correctional Center.[63]
A Nevada judge agreed on October 19, 2012 to "reopen the armed robbery and kidnapping case against O.J. Simpson to determine if the former football star was so badly represented by his lawyers that he should be freed from prison and get another trial."[64] A hearing will be held beginning May 13, 2013 to determine if Simpson is entitled to a new trial.[65]

OJ Simpson - NOW




source+ bahan bacaan tambahan if interested
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O._J._Simpson_murder_case
http://pages.infinit.net/reparvit/nicole12.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oj_simpson



Last edited by cikatilia on 17-6-2013 04:26 PM

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 Author| Post time 17-6-2013 04:23 PM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 17-6-2013 04:04 PM
momod, sorry artikel lari tarikh tp still in June. ya hampun..

At 12:10 am [14] on June 13, 19 ...

picca ronald goldman x nmpk la cika..
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Post time 17-6-2013 04:25 PM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 17-6-2013 04:23 PM
picca ronald goldman x nmpk la cika..

jap i adjust sket
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 Author| Post time 17-6-2013 04:31 PM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 17-6-2013 04:25 PM
jap i adjust sket

ok dah nampak thanks..
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 Author| Post time 17-6-2013 04:33 PM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 17-6-2013 04:04 PM
momod, sorry artikel lari tarikh tp still in June. ya hampun..

At 12:10 am [14] on June 13, 19 ...

kalau follow date exactly dapat +20 .. great posting..
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Post time 17-6-2013 04:36 PM | Show all posts
novelloverzz posted on 17-6-2013 04:33 PM
kalau follow date exactly dapat +20 .. great posting..

tq nov..

i mmg follow kes ni... xtau la camna dia boleh lepas sbb evidence byk menjurus ke arah dia..
scary kan crime scene tuh
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 Author| Post time 17-6-2013 04:41 PM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 17-6-2013 04:04 PM
momod, sorry artikel lari tarikh tp still in June. ya hampun..

At 12:10 am [14] on June 13, 19 ...

sadis betul..dah la ex-wife bukan bini dia pun..x pernah tgk pic mayat ex-wife O J sebelum ni..pembunuhan penuh kemarahan..
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 Author| Post time 17-6-2013 04:44 PM | Show all posts
cikatilia posted on 17-6-2013 04:36 PM
tq nov..

i mmg follow kes ni... xtau la camna dia boleh lepas sbb evidence byk menjurus ke a ...

dia ada duit sbb tu dia bole terlepas at the first place...
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Post time 18-6-2013 04:40 PM | Show all posts
Tarikh Peristiwa pada 18-06-1948


Pada  hari  ini  pada  tahun  1948,  telah  terlakar  sejarah  hitam  dalam  lipatan  sejarah  negara  kita  dimana  darurat  telah diisytiharkan  di  Perak  dan  Johor.  Perisytiharan  ini  adalah  ekoran  daripada  keganasan  dan  pemogokan  yang  dilancarkan  oleh  Parti  Komunis  Malaya (PKM).


Pada 18 Jun 1948 darurat diisytiharkan oleh Sir Edward Gent di Tanah Melayu kerana perjuangan komunis semakin hebat dan memuncak. Komunis berikrar melakukan pemberontakan bersenjata.




http://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sejarah_komunis_di_Selangor


FAKTOR PENGISYTIHARAN DARURAT.


1.     Peranan PKM menyebarkan fahaman komunis.
Disember 1945, british arahkan MPAJA dibubarkan & menyerahkan senjata.
  • Tetapi, sekitar 6800 orang sahaja yang menyerahkan senjata sementara bakinya lari ke hutan & menyusun strategi untuk membentuk sebuah negara komunis.
  • PKM menubuhkan Min Yuen untuk mengumpulkan sumber kewangan dan keperluan lain seperti makanan dan ubat-ubatan.
  • PKM mempengaruhi AMCJA & PUTERA untuk menggagalkan PTM.
  • PKM mengumpulkan ahlinya & menyebarkan fahaman komunis ke sekolah-sekolah Cina & Kesatuan Sekerja untuk menentang British.
  • 1945, British menguasai 60% perniagaan Tanah Buruh Umum.
2.     PKM melakukan pemogokan untuk melumpuhkan ekonomi.
  • Contoh pemogokan ialah melibatkan pekerja di Harbour Board Singapura pada 1945.
  • Antara 1946-1947, terdapat 300-360 siri pemogokan di ladang-ladang getah.
  • Sistem pengangkutan juga dimusnahkan.
  • Langkah ini agak berjaya kerana pelabur tidak berani melabur di Tanah Melayu kerana keadaan yang tidak aman.
3.     Pemberontakan bersenjata PKM.

  • Februari 1948, Persidangan Pemuda-Pemuda Komunis Asia telah mempengaruhi PKM untuk menubuhkan republik komunis Malaya & melakukan pemberontakan bersenjata.
  • Serangan gerila dilakukan di hutan melalui Bintang 3 & di bandar melalui Min Yuen.
  • PKM menyerang kawasan ekonomi.
  • Kemuncak serangan PKM ialah 3 orang pengurus ladang berbangsa Eropah di bunuh di Sungai Siput, Perak pada 18 Jun 1948.
  • 19 Jun 1948, Pesuruhjaya Tinggi PTM iaitu Sir Edward Gent telah mengisytiharkan darurat dan mengharamkan PKM serta semua pertubuhan yang bekerjasam dengan PKM.

http://ikhaamaj.blogspot.com/2011/07/faktor-pengisytiharan-darurat.html





Last edited by cikatilia on 18-6-2013 04:42 PM

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Post time 19-6-2013 10:59 AM | Show all posts
19 JUN 2002 - First solo nonstop round-the-world balloon flight.

On the 19th June 2002, Steve Fossett launched his balloon The Spirit Of Freedom from Northam, Western Australia in an attempt to be the first soloist to circumnavigate the world.  He managed this astounding feat in just 14 days, 19 hours and 50 minutes.

He broke three balloon records along the way: fastest time around the world, measured by crossing 117 East longitude (13 days, 3 min.), longest distance flown solo (20,483.25 mi; 32,963.35 km), and longest time flown solo (355 hrs, 50 min.)



The balloon, The Spirit Of Freedom used a combination of hot air and helium, known in the industry as a 'Roziere' balloon. The balloon envelope was 140 ft tall and 60 ft wide. The balloon used a special onboard autopilot system called 'Comstock Autopilot' which can maintain the balloon at a constant altitude by using a computer to control the burners.

The balloon was launched from Northam, Western Australia and the projected flight was to cross the Pacific first and then to travel across Chile, down round Argentina and the Southern Atlantic Ocean. From here would then fly towards South Africa, over the Indian Ocean and would finally end up back in Australia at a longitudinal equal to or farther east than where the journey had begun.





The conditions onboard the basket (or gondola as it is referred to in this case) were far from luxurious! The actual gondola itself was no larger than a normal sized closet. Fossett would on average, manage about 4 hours of sleep each day, in broken down segments of 45 minutes naps. It would have been extremely cramped living in such a confined space. On top of all this, the temperature outside the balloon would have been well below zero and Fossett would have had to regularly climb outside the gondola to change fuel or to check on the burners.

Below, pilot Steve Fossett standing on the gondola of the Bud Light Spirit of Freedom balloon, just after landing down in Australia on July 4th 2002.



sumber :

1) http://www.balloonsoverbritain.c ... rst-successful-solo
2) http://blog.adventureballoons.co ... -balloon-feats.html
3) http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004537.html
4) http://industrialphotos.industri ... irit_of_Freedom.htm

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Post time 19-6-2013 08:44 PM | Show all posts
PELANCARAN RANCANGAN PERKHIDMATAN TV PENDIDIKAN
Tarikh Peristiwa pada 19-06-1972

Pada hari ini 19.06.1972, Perdana Menteri, Tun Abdul Razak telah merasmikan pelancaran rancangan Perkhidmatan TV Pendidikan atau ETV. Upacara pelancaran ini telah diadakan di Dewan Tunku Abdul Rahman di Kuala Lumpur. Sebaik sahaja selesai Tun Abdul Razak mengisytiharkan pelancaran rancangan TV pendidikan itu, para jemputan di upacara tersebut telah menyaksikan rancangan permulaan TV pendidikan itu menerusi kira-kira 10 buah peti televisyen yang telah disediakan khas untuk upacara pelancaran tersebut. Rancangan permulaan ini juga telah ditonton serentak oleh orang ramai di seluruh negara. Dalam upacara pelancaran rancangan TV pendidikan ini, Tun Abdul Razak telah menyifatkan upacara tersebut sebagai peristiwa bersejarah yang menunjukkan betapa mustahaknya pelajaran dan latihan tenaga manusia dalam pembanguan negara. Perkhidmatan TV pendidikan akan dapat memainkan peranan penting dalam melaksanakan kehendak Rancangan Malaysia Kedua untuk menyatukan sistem pelajaran bagi mencapai perpaduan negara. Rancangan TV pendidikan yang disiarkan melalui TV Malaysia adalah bertujuan membantu guru-guru dan juga para pelajar dalam beberapa mata pelajaran khasnya yang berhubung dengan sains dan teknologi serta tatarakyat. Sebagai permulaannya Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia telah membahagi-bahagikan 500 buah peti televisyen kepada Sekolah-sekolah Menengah di seluruh negara. Rancangan ini juga akan diperluaskan kepada murid-murid sekolah rendah. Oleh itu dengan pelancaran TV Pendidikan pada hari ini dalam tahun 1972, maka jelaslah bahawa kerajaan telah berusaha berbagai cara untuk membantu para guru dan murid-murid dalam usaha meninggikan prestasi masing-masing dalam bidang pendidikan.

http://hids.arkib.gov.my/readarticle.php?article_id=1800

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Post time 19-6-2013 08:46 PM | Show all posts
PERSIDANGAN PERTAHANAN LIMA NEGARA

Tarikh Peristiwa pada 19-06-1969

Pada  hari  ini  dalam  tahun 1969,  Persidangan  Pertahanan  Lima  Negara  telah  diadakan  di  Canberra,  Australia. Persidangan  ini  telah  dihadiri  oleh  wakil-wakil  dari  lima negara  iaitu  Malaysia,  Singapura,  Australia,  New  Zealand  dan  Britain.  Malaysia  telah  diketuai  oleh  Tun  Abdul  Razak  yang ketika  itu  menjadi  Perdana  Menteri  Malaysia merangkap  Pengarah  Majlis  Gerakan  Negara. Turut  serta  dalam  persidangan  itu,  ialah  Ketua  Turus  Angkatan  Tentera  Udara, Komander Udara  Sulaiman bin Sujak, Ketua Turus  Angkatan Tentera  Laut, Komander Laut,  K. Thanabalasingam  dan  Encik  Zainal  Abidin  bin  Sulong  dari  Kementerian  Luar  Negeri. Tujuan  persidangan  tersebut  diadakan  ialah  khusus  untuk  membincangkan  mengenai  pertahanan  negara  Malaysia  dan  Singapura  bagi  menghadapi  sebarang  ancaman  daripada  luar  selepas  pengunduran  tentera  British.   Dalam  persidangan  tersebut,  Tun  Abdul  Razak  telah  menegaskan  bahawa  semua  negara  sahabat  hendaklah  yakin  dan  percaya  antara  satu  sama  lain dalam  memelihara  kestabilan  dalam  negeri  dan  segenap  daerah  termasuk  Sabah  dan  Sarawak. Sesungguhnya,  persidangan  ini  amat  penting  bagi  Malaysia  dalam  menentukan  keselamatan  tanahair  dari  ancaman  negara  luar  disamping  mengekalkan  kemerdekaan  negara.

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