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d'literary+publishing gloss(by Gorgonz+herbivor)

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Author: fleurzsa       Show all posts   Read mode

Author
 Author| Post time 3-3-2004 01:26 AM | Show all posts
Antithesis

The placing of one idea against another is order to heighten the contrast between them;

as,

'Give me liberty or give me death."

To err his human, to forgive divine.
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 Author| Post time 4-3-2004 02:49 AM | Show all posts
Epigram

A brife, witty saying, often satirical, with an unexpected sting in it;

as,

"Speech was given to us to conceal our thought".    - Oscar Wilde.

The luxuries of to-day are the necessities of to-morrow.
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 Author| Post time 5-3-2004 01:20 AM | Show all posts
Paradox

A statement which appears absurd or contradictory, but which on closer examination is found to contain an important truth;

As,

“The child is the father of the man.”                - Wordworth.

Cowards die many times before their deaths.

Any game that is worth playing is worth playing badly.
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 Author| Post time 6-3-2004 09:12 AM | Show all posts
Oxymoron

A kind of condensed paradox in which contradictory words are placed as closely together as possible.  The surprise of the contradiction emphasizes a hidden truth in the thought behind it;

as,

Love is bitter sweet.

Be cruel to be kind.

Make haste slowly.

The wisest fool.

Terribly attractive.
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 Author| Post time 7-3-2004 08:01 AM | Show all posts
Irony

A statement which means the opposite of what it says, usually with critical intention;

as,

“For Brutus is an honourable man, so are they all, all honourable men.”
                                                                     - Antony, in Julius Ceasar.
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 Author| Post time 9-3-2004 05:37 AM | Show all posts
Innuendo

An indirect, unfavourable reference or insinuation, often ironical:

As,

“conscience….had told us that we ought to visit Napoleon’s house – now, very suitably, a natural history museum.”   - Aldous Huxley.
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 Author| Post time 12-3-2004 09:23 AM | Show all posts
Hyperbole

Exaggeration for the sake of emphasis;

as,

'a thousand thanks.'

Your new hat looks simply divine.

'to wait an eternity.'
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 Author| Post time 14-3-2004 10:55 AM | Show all posts
Euphemism

The use of pleasing words to express something unpleasant or coarse;

As,

“to pass away,” (for, “to die”).

The girl is decidedly plain (i.e. very ugly).

“gentleman of the road,” (for, highwayman).

“the king’s guest (i.e. prisoner).
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 Author| Post time 21-3-2004 02:34 AM | Show all posts
Litotes

An understatement; the opposite of hyperbole.  It makes a positive assertion in negative form;

As,

‘not bad at all.’

That girl is far from shy.

He is no fool.
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 Author| Post time 23-3-2004 08:36 AM | Show all posts
Lyric

The words of a song.  Also a type of poem which is usually fairly short, and often expresses the poet's feelings.
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 Author| Post time 26-3-2004 05:53 AM | Show all posts
Ode

A rather vague term, usually applied to a poem addressed to someone or something, or to celebrate some special occasion.
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 Author| Post time 27-3-2004 03:34 AM | Show all posts
Climax

An arrangement of ideas or aseries of words in which the most impressive is put last, and gradually led up to it;

as,

I came, I saw, I conquered.

Born a pauper, attained affluence in middle age, and finally died a millionaire.
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 Author| Post time 28-3-2004 07:49 AM | Show all posts
Anticlimax

An arrangement of words or ideas in which an unimpressive item is put at the end.  It is often due to muddled thinking.  If done deliberately, it usually has a satirical effect.  If there is a sudden descent from the elevated to the commonplace or the sublime to the ridiculous, the result is known as bathos.

Love your country; tell the truth; and don't dawdle.

He's a gambler, a drunkard and a thief - he'll take to smoking next!
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 Author| Post time 30-3-2004 12:17 PM | Show all posts
Syllepsis

The use of one word in two different senses, usually literally and figuratively, in the same context;

As,

She stole away my heart – and then my money.  (The word ‘stole’ is not repeated after ‘then’)

The little boy broke his promise and his father’s study window.  (The word ‘broke’ is not repeated after ‘and’.)
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 Author| Post time 1-4-2004 08:02 AM | Show all posts
Zeugma

Another condensed form either by mistake or for the sake of brevity in which a verb or adjective relates to two or more nouns, but is strictly applicable to only one of them;

As,

Kill the boys and the luggage!

  With flowers adorned and odours sweet.

  There were more weeds than (there was) grass on the tennis court.

This is a construction which generally is best avoided.

[ Last edited by fleurzsa on 4-4-2004 at 03:10 AM ]
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 Author| Post time 4-4-2004 03:15 AM | Show all posts
Transferred Epithet

The transference af a descriptive word from its appropriate noun to onother noun closely assiciated with it;

as,

The boy tossed upon his sleepless bed.  (Instead of 'sleepless boy'.)

The man shook a doubtful head.  (Instead of 'doubtful man'.)
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 Author| Post time 6-4-2004 08:20 AM | Show all posts
Prolepsis

The use of a descriptive term in an 'anticipatory' sense, i.e., before it is really applicable;

as,

Poor John is dying.  Go and tell his widow.
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 Author| Post time 8-4-2004 10:11 AM | Show all posts
Pleonasm

Excess of expression or the use of more words than are necessary to express the sense.  It may be intentional, for the sake of brevity or careless;

as,

He that has ears to hear, let him hear.  ('to hear' is unnecessary).

I shall continue to remain of the same opinion.  ('continue to' is unnecessary.)
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 Author| Post time 13-4-2004 08:38 AM | Show all posts
Parody

A deliberate burlesque of an author's style, often with critical intention.
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 Author| Post time 19-4-2004 03:14 AM | Show all posts
Pun

A humorous play on words having a similar form or sound, but different in meaning.
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Post time 19-4-2004 06:56 AM | Show all posts
u nih so hardworking arr, fleurzsa....
no pun intended...heheheheh....
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 Author| Post time 19-4-2004 07:21 PM | Show all posts
salam,

he he he he...
Masa belajar figures of speech ni dulu tak faham apa pun...
Sebab tak minat dan sebuk ngan pelajaran lain...

Sekarang baru faham sikit2...
tapi tak de kertas peperiksaan nak jawab...he he he he
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 Author| Post time 21-4-2004 09:05 AM | Show all posts
Satire

Verse or prose which holds up to redicule either individual people or human failings.
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 Author| Post time 25-4-2004 02:45 AM | Show all posts
Euphony

A pleasing combination of sounds.
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 Author| Post time 26-4-2004 10:03 AM | Show all posts
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