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d'literary+publishing gloss(by Gorgonz+herbivor)

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Author: fleurzsa       Show all posts   Read mode

Author
 Author| Post time 4-4-2004 03:15 AM | Show all posts
Transferred Epithet

The transference af a descriptive word from its appropriate noun to onother noun closely assiciated with it;

as,

The boy tossed upon his sleepless bed.  (Instead of 'sleepless boy'.)

The man shook a doubtful head.  (Instead of 'doubtful man'.)
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 Author| Post time 6-4-2004 08:20 AM | Show all posts
Prolepsis

The use of a descriptive term in an 'anticipatory' sense, i.e., before it is really applicable;

as,

Poor John is dying.  Go and tell his widow.
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 Author| Post time 8-4-2004 10:11 AM | Show all posts
Pleonasm

Excess of expression or the use of more words than are necessary to express the sense.  It may be intentional, for the sake of brevity or careless;

as,

He that has ears to hear, let him hear.  ('to hear' is unnecessary).

I shall continue to remain of the same opinion.  ('continue to' is unnecessary.)
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 Author| Post time 13-4-2004 08:38 AM | Show all posts
Parody

A deliberate burlesque of an author's style, often with critical intention.
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 Author| Post time 19-4-2004 03:14 AM | Show all posts
Pun

A humorous play on words having a similar form or sound, but different in meaning.
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Post time 19-4-2004 06:56 AM | Show all posts
u nih so hardworking arr, fleurzsa....
no pun intended...heheheheh....
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 Author| Post time 19-4-2004 07:21 PM | Show all posts
salam,

he he he he...
Masa belajar figures of speech ni dulu tak faham apa pun...
Sebab tak minat dan sebuk ngan pelajaran lain...

Sekarang baru faham sikit2...
tapi tak de kertas peperiksaan nak jawab...he he he he
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 Author| Post time 21-4-2004 09:05 AM | Show all posts
Satire

Verse or prose which holds up to redicule either individual people or human failings.
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 Author| Post time 25-4-2004 02:45 AM | Show all posts
Euphony

A pleasing combination of sounds.
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 Author| Post time 26-4-2004 10:03 AM | Show all posts
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 Author| Post time 26-4-2004 10:09 AM | Show all posts
Okay... let's move to some linguistic and literary definitions and illustrations.

Anachronism

'Error in computing time; thing out of harmony with the present'.

The term is used in literature to mark the inclusion, say in a play por novel, of an incident or statement which could not have occured at the time.
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 Author| Post time 27-4-2004 09:53 AM | Show all posts
Anagram

This is the name given to a word which is composed by a rearrangement of the letters of another word.

So 'dear' is an anagram of 'read' or 'dare'.  One word may also be an anagram of two or more: bathing --- bang, hit.

Some writers use anagrams as pen-names.
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 Author| Post time 28-4-2004 07:15 AM | Show all posts
Apocrypha

This is the collective name of those books which are included in the Septuagint (i.e. Greek) and Vugate (i.e. Latin) versions of the Old Testament, but were not originally written in Hebrew.

The corresponding adjective 'aprocryphal' was coined to mean suspect, unlikely to be authentic.
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Post time 29-4-2004 10:56 AM | Show all posts

ANALYZING A POEM

DAH Ade blum nin....? saje nak tambah...


Quatrains:
Ballad quatrain        : rhymes abcb
Heroic quatrain       : rhymes abab
Rhyme Enclosure    : rhymes abba
Triple quatrain          : rhymes aaba
Double couplet quatrain: rhymes aabb


Poem --
Make links to your explanation of words or references in the poem that may be unclear to a reader.

Prose Paraphrase --
In a prose paraphrase, a reader writes down what is going on in the poem. He or she should try to identify who is speaking,
          what the situation is, what the subject of the poem is,
          and what themes are being explored.

If it is a narrative poem, he or she would write down the events in the story.  If it is a lyric poem, he or she would write about the images in the poem and the feelings being expressed.

Persona and Situation --
What indications do you have of who is speaking in the poem?  
What can you infer about the speaker from what he or she says?
About the situation?


Subject
--
What is the poem about and what are the underlying themes?

Images --
What sensory descriptions does the poem contain?  
To which senses does the speaker appeal?

Diction --
In what ways does the author use the choice of words to evoke feelings? What unfamiliar words or references does the speaker use?
What do they mean? How do they affect the reader?

Figures of Speech
--
What figures of speech does the speaker use?
How do they influence the reader's reaction?

Meter --
What patterns of rhythm does the speaker use?
How do these rythms affect the reader?

Sound Devices --
What is the rhyme scheme? What sounds are repeated?
Why? What is the speaker evoking by using these sounds?

Poetic Form --
Does the poem use any fixed form that you are familiar with? How do the conventions of this form affect the poem?

Conclusions --
What conclusions can you draw about how the parts work together to become a poem?
What is the author saying about the speaker by doing these things?
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 Author| Post time 29-4-2004 11:17 AM | Show all posts
Apologue

This is a technical name for a fable or parable with a moral, but since there are few fables which do not have a moral it is, to all intents and purposes, synonymous with the word 'fable'.
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 Author| Post time 29-4-2004 11:10 PM | Show all posts
Aposiopesis

This is the name given to a device used by public speakers -- or to a habit associable with them -- in which they break off suddenly in the middle of a sentence, leaving it grammatically incomplete.

It is syntactically similar to Anacoluthon, which means the commencement of a new construction in a sentence before the existing one is completed.
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 Author| Post time 1-5-2004 09:20 AM | Show all posts
Bathos

It was Pope who called this 'the art of sinking in Poetry and used it as a form of Anticlimax for a satirical purpose.

But more often than not the term is used to mark a descent from the serious to the comic which the poet--- for bathos occurs more frequently in verse than in prose--- did not intend.
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 Author| Post time 4-5-2004 09:08 AM | Show all posts
Dramatic Irony

Since this occurs in tragedy far more significantly than in comedy it is also known as tragic irony (that is, in a tragedy only).

It is the name given to words spoken innocently which a later event proves either to have been mistaken or to have prophesied that event.
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 Author| Post time 5-5-2004 10:57 PM | Show all posts
Elegy

An Elegy sometimes known as monody or threnody, is a poem in homour of the dead.
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 Author| Post time 7-5-2004 07:11 AM | Show all posts
Epic

Epic poetry-- or epopee-- celebrates in narrative some great theme of human life, of legend or of tradition.  

An Epic is necessarily long, its diction is restrained however imaginative, its style, its whole atmosphere, is dignified and heroic, and its meaning is essentially allegorical.
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