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d'literary+publishing gloss(by Gorgonz+herbivor)

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Author: fleurzsa       Show all posts   Read mode

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 Author| Post time 26-4-2004 10:09 AM | Show all posts
Okay... let's move to some linguistic and literary definitions and illustrations.

Anachronism

'Error in computing time; thing out of harmony with the present'.

The term is used in literature to mark the inclusion, say in a play por novel, of an incident or statement which could not have occured at the time.
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 Author| Post time 27-4-2004 09:53 AM | Show all posts
Anagram

This is the name given to a word which is composed by a rearrangement of the letters of another word.

So 'dear' is an anagram of 'read' or 'dare'.  One word may also be an anagram of two or more: bathing --- bang, hit.

Some writers use anagrams as pen-names.
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 Author| Post time 28-4-2004 07:15 AM | Show all posts
Apocrypha

This is the collective name of those books which are included in the Septuagint (i.e. Greek) and Vugate (i.e. Latin) versions of the Old Testament, but were not originally written in Hebrew.

The corresponding adjective 'aprocryphal' was coined to mean suspect, unlikely to be authentic.
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Post time 29-4-2004 10:56 AM | Show all posts

ANALYZING A POEM

DAH Ade blum nin....? saje nak tambah...


Quatrains:
Ballad quatrain        : rhymes abcb
Heroic quatrain       : rhymes abab
Rhyme Enclosure    : rhymes abba
Triple quatrain          : rhymes aaba
Double couplet quatrain: rhymes aabb


Poem --
Make links to your explanation of words or references in the poem that may be unclear to a reader.

Prose Paraphrase --
In a prose paraphrase, a reader writes down what is going on in the poem. He or she should try to identify who is speaking,
          what the situation is, what the subject of the poem is,
          and what themes are being explored.

If it is a narrative poem, he or she would write down the events in the story.  If it is a lyric poem, he or she would write about the images in the poem and the feelings being expressed.

Persona and Situation --
What indications do you have of who is speaking in the poem?  
What can you infer about the speaker from what he or she says?
About the situation?


Subject
--
What is the poem about and what are the underlying themes?

Images --
What sensory descriptions does the poem contain?  
To which senses does the speaker appeal?

Diction --
In what ways does the author use the choice of words to evoke feelings? What unfamiliar words or references does the speaker use?
What do they mean? How do they affect the reader?

Figures of Speech
--
What figures of speech does the speaker use?
How do they influence the reader's reaction?

Meter --
What patterns of rhythm does the speaker use?
How do these rythms affect the reader?

Sound Devices --
What is the rhyme scheme? What sounds are repeated?
Why? What is the speaker evoking by using these sounds?

Poetic Form --
Does the poem use any fixed form that you are familiar with? How do the conventions of this form affect the poem?

Conclusions --
What conclusions can you draw about how the parts work together to become a poem?
What is the author saying about the speaker by doing these things?
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 Author| Post time 29-4-2004 11:17 AM | Show all posts
Apologue

This is a technical name for a fable or parable with a moral, but since there are few fables which do not have a moral it is, to all intents and purposes, synonymous with the word 'fable'.
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 Author| Post time 29-4-2004 11:10 PM | Show all posts
Aposiopesis

This is the name given to a device used by public speakers -- or to a habit associable with them -- in which they break off suddenly in the middle of a sentence, leaving it grammatically incomplete.

It is syntactically similar to Anacoluthon, which means the commencement of a new construction in a sentence before the existing one is completed.
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 Author| Post time 1-5-2004 09:20 AM | Show all posts
Bathos

It was Pope who called this 'the art of sinking in Poetry and used it as a form of Anticlimax for a satirical purpose.

But more often than not the term is used to mark a descent from the serious to the comic which the poet--- for bathos occurs more frequently in verse than in prose--- did not intend.
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 Author| Post time 4-5-2004 09:08 AM | Show all posts
Dramatic Irony

Since this occurs in tragedy far more significantly than in comedy it is also known as tragic irony (that is, in a tragedy only).

It is the name given to words spoken innocently which a later event proves either to have been mistaken or to have prophesied that event.
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 Author| Post time 5-5-2004 10:57 PM | Show all posts
Elegy

An Elegy sometimes known as monody or threnody, is a poem in homour of the dead.
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 Author| Post time 7-5-2004 07:11 AM | Show all posts
Epic

Epic poetry-- or epopee-- celebrates in narrative some great theme of human life, of legend or of tradition.  

An Epic is necessarily long, its diction is restrained however imaginative, its style, its whole atmosphere, is dignified and heroic, and its meaning is essentially allegorical.
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Post time 8-5-2004 08:47 PM | Show all posts
Originally posted by fleurzsa at 6-3-2004 09:12 AM:
Oxymoron
A kind of condensed paradox in which contradictory words are placed as closely together as possible.  The surprise of the contradiction emphasizes a hidden truth in t ...


hmmm... cam my avatar + signature  lol
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Post time 9-5-2004 03:46 PM | Show all posts
Older forms of pronouns you
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 Author| Post time 11-5-2004 08:27 AM | Show all posts
Parody

A Parody is a deliberately bathetic imitation of a serious original, in which the subject-matter of the original is mocked at, either merely for a literary joke or because in the opinion of the parodist it does not deserve the serious attention it has won in some quaters.
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 Author| Post time 15-5-2004 01:06 PM | Show all posts
Paronomasia

This is the general term for all "play upon words", including puns.
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 Author| Post time 15-5-2004 01:10 PM | Show all posts
Peripeteia

This means any reversal of fortune --usually sudden or unexpected --which befalls a person in a play or story.
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 Author| Post time 15-5-2004 01:13 PM | Show all posts
Poet Laureate

This is the title given to one poet who is chosen on his reputation to be, as it were, the royal or national poet.
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 Author| Post time 16-5-2004 12:23 PM | Show all posts
Prologue

A Prologue is to play what a foreword or preface is to a book.  The prologue sets the scene and time, prepares the audience fo what is to come, and appeals for its sympathy.
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 Author| Post time 18-5-2004 01:09 AM | Show all posts
Epilogue

An Epilogue is a similar direct address to the audience at the conclusion of a play.

Whether or not either a Prologue or Epilogue is necessary to a play or to anything else is a matter of opinion.
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 Author| Post time 21-5-2004 09:24 AM | Show all posts
Rhetorical Question

This means the trick used by public speakers of asking a question to which no answer is expected.  

For example, when we say such things as "Why bother?" we do not expect any answer from our listener; because we are not really asking a question, but are saying "there's no point in bothering" in the form of a question merely as a conventional expression.
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 Author| Post time 24-5-2004 06:38 PM | Show all posts
Satire

This differs from Parody in that it is never merely a literary joke played by a friend, nor does it mock the style of the original for fun.  Instead, it is the work of an enemy, an enemy either of a general human vice or weakness or of some individual or group of people.
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 Author| Post time 30-5-2004 07:22 AM | Show all posts
Soliloquy

The word is from Latin and literally means "speaking alone".  It is a technical term in drama and names any passage spoken by a character, not to some other character but apparently to himself.

It is not an exaggeration to say that the most important lines in many Elizabethan tragedies occur in soliloquies, for in them men like Macbeth and Hamlet reveal their secrets, their fears and hope, and in them Shakespeare wrote his finest poetry.
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Post time 30-5-2004 09:48 AM | Show all posts
I love to do soliloquy...hem..cam muhasabah diri lak...reflection on my past deeds...

ps..the character, Hamlet did lots of soliloquy...


oh..one more thing..soliloquy is a bit different than monologue
because monologue...though you're talking alone...actually
there's another person or others around, yet invisible..you are
actually talking to the others around you...like the monologue..
EMILY OF EMERALD HILL...this is actually one of the style for
play to make it unique....so this play will usually done by one person
or actor....another famous one will be THE VAGINA MONOLOGUES...:bgrin:

[ Last edited by seribulan on 30-5-2004 at 09:52 AM ]
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Post time 5-7-2004 11:16 AM | Show all posts
fuiyo...tak sangke ada forum nih...terkenang zaman2 stadi Lit dulu2..anyway guys, thnx for this info.. i'm sure gonna need to refer to this every now and then! <maklumla..byk dah lupa...>

~~~if music be the food of love..play on~~~12TH NITE, SHAKESPEARE
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Post time 5-7-2004 08:27 PM | Show all posts
feel free to add ur own discussion here, tr3e...
join de club...
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Post time 7-7-2004 10:49 AM | Show all posts
kalo tengok cerita latino...brazil ke, mexico ke..apa2 la..tengok they all suka cakap sorg2 kan? saya slalu cakap dekat org lain, they all ni suka guna method soliloquy yg mcm dlm citer2 shakespeare..heheh
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