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d'literary+publishing gloss(by Gorgonz+herbivor)

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Author: fleurzsa       Show all posts   Read mode

Post time 8-5-2004 08:47 PM | Show all posts
Originally posted by fleurzsa at 6-3-2004 09:12 AM:
A kind of condensed paradox in which contradictory words are placed as closely together as possible.  The surprise of the contradiction emphasizes a hidden truth in t ...

hmmm... cam my avatar + signature  lol

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Post time 9-5-2004 03:46 PM | Show all posts
Older forms of pronouns you

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 Author| Post time 11-5-2004 08:27 AM | Show all posts

A Parody is a deliberately bathetic imitation of a serious original, in which the subject-matter of the original is mocked at, either merely for a literary joke or because in the opinion of the parodist it does not deserve the serious attention it has won in some quaters.

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 Author| Post time 15-5-2004 01:06 PM | Show all posts

This is the general term for all "play upon words", including puns.

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 Author| Post time 15-5-2004 01:10 PM | Show all posts

This means any reversal of fortune --usually sudden or unexpected --which befalls a person in a play or story.

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 Author| Post time 15-5-2004 01:13 PM | Show all posts
Poet Laureate

This is the title given to one poet who is chosen on his reputation to be, as it were, the royal or national poet.

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 Author| Post time 16-5-2004 12:23 PM | Show all posts

A Prologue is to play what a foreword or preface is to a book.  The prologue sets the scene and time, prepares the audience fo what is to come, and appeals for its sympathy.

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 Author| Post time 18-5-2004 01:09 AM | Show all posts

An Epilogue is a similar direct address to the audience at the conclusion of a play.

Whether or not either a Prologue or Epilogue is necessary to a play or to anything else is a matter of opinion.

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 Author| Post time 21-5-2004 09:24 AM | Show all posts
Rhetorical Question

This means the trick used by public speakers of asking a question to which no answer is expected.  

For example, when we say such things as "Why bother?" we do not expect any answer from our listener; because we are not really asking a question, but are saying "there's no point in bothering" in the form of a question merely as a conventional expression.

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 Author| Post time 24-5-2004 06:38 PM | Show all posts

This differs from Parody in that it is never merely a literary joke played by a friend, nor does it mock the style of the original for fun.  Instead, it is the work of an enemy, an enemy either of a general human vice or weakness or of some individual or group of people.

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 Author| Post time 30-5-2004 07:22 AM | Show all posts

The word is from Latin and literally means "speaking alone".  It is a technical term in drama and names any passage spoken by a character, not to some other character but apparently to himself.

It is not an exaggeration to say that the most important lines in many Elizabethan tragedies occur in soliloquies, for in them men like Macbeth and Hamlet reveal their secrets, their fears and hope, and in them Shakespeare wrote his finest poetry.

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Post time 30-5-2004 09:48 AM | Show all posts
I love to do soliloquy...hem..cam muhasabah diri lak...reflection on my past deeds...

ps..the character, Hamlet did lots of soliloquy...

oh..one more thing..soliloquy is a bit different than monologue
because monologue...though you're talking alone...actually
there's another person or others around, yet invisible..you are
actually talking to the others around you...like the monologue..
EMILY OF EMERALD HILL...this is actually one of the style for
play to make it unique....so this play will usually done by one person
or actor....another famous one will be THE VAGINA MONOLOGUES...:bgrin:

[ Last edited by seribulan on 30-5-2004 at 09:52 AM ]

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Post time 5-7-2004 11:16 AM | Show all posts
fuiyo...tak sangke ada forum nih...terkenang zaman2 stadi Lit dulu2..anyway guys, thnx for this info.. i'm sure gonna need to refer to this every now and then! <maklumla..byk dah lupa...>

~~~if music be the food of love..play on~~~12TH NITE, SHAKESPEARE

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Post time 5-7-2004 08:27 PM | Show all posts
feel free to add ur own discussion here, tr3e...
join de club...

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Post time 7-7-2004 10:49 AM | Show all posts
kalo tengok cerita latino...brazil ke, mexico ke..apa2 la..tengok they all suka cakap sorg2 kan? saya slalu cakap dekat org lain, they all ni suka guna method soliloquy yg mcm dlm citer2 shakespeare..heheh

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Post time 20-4-2005 05:43 PM | Show all posts
hmmm nak selit sket...

i just bought Complete WOrk of Shakespeare... kat popular book...
guess what... as thick as yellow pages... for only rm 15.90

cuma paper quality pun cam yellow pages .. :lol

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Post time 12-7-2005 11:36 AM | Show all posts
Originally posted by gorgonz at 18-05-2005 17:43:
hmmm nak selit sket...

i just bought Complete WOrk of Shakespeare... kat popular book...
guess what... as thick as yellow pages... for only rm 15.90

cuma paper quality pun cam yellow pages  ...

so cheap?
is the book's contents good?

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Post time 26-8-2005 01:01 PM | Show all posts
new info...http://www.picture-book.com/news.asp?listingid=44

Glossary of Publishing Terms

by Laura Belgrave

ADVANCE: Compensation paid to an author once the author's book is contracted but before it is published. Typically, one-half of the advance is paid upon signing of the contract, the remaining half upon delivery of the final manuscript. Advances are paid against future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesn't receive royalty payments until the advance has been "earned out."

BACKLIST: Books from previous seasons that are still in print. In children's publishing, a book can remain on a publisher's backlist for many years, particularly if they are award-winners or regarded as "classics." (Children's backlist books often outsell new titles, and for that reason many bookstores carry more backlist than "frontlist" titles.)

BACK MATTER: Printed material that appears in the back of a book, after the main body of text. Typical inclusions are glossaries, footnotes, indexes, author and illustrator biographies, etc. In picture books, back matter reduces the space available for the story and illustration, since most picture books are restricted to a 24- or 32-page format.

BOILERPLATE: Refers to publishers' standard contracts prior to any changes by an author or agent. Most publishers have a variety of boilerplate contracts to meet different needs. Boilerplates are always weighted in favor of the publisher and should be regarded by authors only as a starting point for hammering out agreeable terms.

BOOK PACKAGER: Book packagers--also known as book producers or book developers--create new titles from concept to bound book for publishers, as opposed to publishers using in-house staff and existing authors to do the same. Book packagers are often receptive to new authors, though payment is frequently in flat fee and less generous than with publishers.

BOOK-PLUS: A term occasionally used to describe packages that combine both a book and components. (Klutz packages on juggling and magic tricks fall into this category.) Book packagers often prepare these specialized products for publishers.

CALDECOTT AWARD: An annual and very prestigious award presented by the American Library Association to the artist of the most distinguished picture book for children published in the United States. (Also see Newbery Medal Award). Caldecott winners enjoy long shelf-life in bookstores and libraries.

CHAPTER BOOKS: A loose category of books for children ages 9-12, typified by R.L. Stine's "Goosebumps" series. Chapter books may be the first books of length that children read when they grow too old for picture books, though others are more comfortable working their way into chapter books by tackling "easy readers" first. Chapter books often carry one black and white illustration per chapter.

CONCEPT BOOKS: A type of picture book for preschool children (sometimes as young as six months!) in which a basic concept is introduced. Among the most often created concept books are those that deal with the alphabet, shapes and sizes, numbers, and colors. However, concepts of socialization--such as sharing--are increasingly gaining favor with publishers. Many concept books carry only illustration, or art with only a few words per page.

CONTRACT: A legally binding agreement in which an author or illustrator sells to a publisher some or all rights to a creative piece of work. Contracts spell out what rights are being surrendered, for how long, under what circumstances, and for what compensation. In publishing, contracts are also referred to as "Publishing Agreements."

COPY EDITING: Checking a manuscript for spelling, grammar, and content errors. (Also see "substantive editing" and "proofreading.")

COPYRIGHT: Legal protection for original works of authorship that are fixed in some tangible way--as in a manuscript. When you sign a contract, you essentially agree to relinquish some or all rights for an agreed-upon price and length of time. Copyright law can be squirrely, but in most instances new works are protected for your lifetime plus fifty years. (Congress recently complicated this picture by adding some years to this-- but the details of copyright law need worry publishers, not authors or illustrators)

COVER LETTER: A brief letter that accompanies a submission to an editor. (See "query letter" as well.) For picture books, cover letters rarely need to exceed a few paragraphs.

DIVISION: Usually refers to an unincorporated branch of a company. Many publishing houses contain several divisions.

DUMMY: Handmade mock-up of a book indicating page breaks (pagination), and where front matter, text and illustration, and back matter will appear. A dummy may or may not include actual sketches.

EARLY READERS: Sometimes also called "beginning chapter books," early readers are books targeted at kids making the transition from picture books to lengthier chapter books. Though many publishers don't provide guidelines for early readers, most such books are aimed at children ages 8-11. The books typically run about 64 pages when published and still feature generous use of illustration, often in black and white.

EDITORIAL BOARD: A decision-making body within a publishing house that votes whether to move forward with a manuscript or to nix it. Editorial boards are typically composed of an acquisitions editor, sales director, marketing manager, publisher and finance individual, all of whom debate the various editorial qualities, marketing prospects and costs associated with a potential book. Some boards are smaller, but rare is the publishing house that doesn't include some structure designed to determine the feasibility of any potential book before an offer is made to an author. (In other words, it isn't enough for an individual editor to like a manuscript for that manuscript to become a book.)

FLAT FEE: One-time compensation that generally provides a lump sum for an author or illustrator's work in exchange for all rights. (This is in contrast to a contract that includes an advance and royalties.)

FRONTLIST: Books being published in the current season, and featured in the publisher's current catalog.

FRONT MATTER: Printed material that appears in the front of a book, before the main body of text. Typical inclusions are the title page, copyright page, dedication, table of contents and preface. In picture books, front matter reduces the space available for the story and illustration, since most picture books are restricted to a 24- or 32-page format.

GALLEYS: A publisher's initial typeset version of an author's manuscript, usually after final editing but prior to pagination for the final version. Authors are generally given an opportunity to review galleys for errors or significant changes. How much may be changed is often spelled out in contracts.

GENRE: Genre generally denotes nothing more than a category of book, as in mystery, romance, western, sci-fi, historical, etc. Sometimes genre is referred to as "category fiction."

HARDCOVER: Books bound with a hard, cloth-over-cardboard cover and covered with a paper dust jacket.

HI-LO BOOKS: Books that have a high-interest level but low reading level. Hi-Lo books are often used to encourage reluctant readers from middle grades and up.

IMPRINT: The name of a publisher's specific line of books that have their own, distinct characteristics. Walter Lorraine Books, for instance, is an imprint of Houghton Mifflin.

INSTITUTIONAL SALES: Refers to books primarily sold to schools and libraries. Both trade and mass market books can have institutional sales. Children's book publishers rely on institutions for a large portion of their sales.

LAYOUT: The arrangement of text, illustration, graphics, titles, etc., for printed material.

LISTS: When publishing professionals talk about a "list," they are referring to the books designated for publication for any given selling season. Most often, publishers offer new lists twice every year--spring and fall.

LITERARY AGENT: Experienced book industry people who represent authors and illustrators for a percentage of their clients' profit. Agents typically claim 10%-20% of advances and royalties, but are generally savvy to contract negotiations and have market knowledge and contacts that most authors do not. Some agents charge reading fees to review a prospective client's manuscript. Those fees can be very high, and do not guarantee placement of the manuscript with a publisher.

LITERARY MARKETPLACE: An annual industry guide that lists publishers, editors, marketing executives, agents and more, along with their addresses and other pertinent information. The guide is usually available in public libraries and outweighs most telephone books.

MASS MARKET BOOKS: Paperback books that are smaller (and cheaper) than trade paperback books. In addition to bookstore placement, these so-called "rack sized" books are often distributed through drugstores, airports, supermarkets and the like.

MASS MARKET PUBLISHERS: Publishers who concentrate on high-volume releases of paperback books that typically fit current popular market needs. Titles tend to be short-lived compared to hardcover books, but often are printed in far greater quantities.

MIDDLE READER: A general description of books intended for children ages 9-11.

MIDLIST: Titles on a publisher's list that are not expected to be big sellers, but might introduce a new author or find audiences in niche markets. Midlist books are often mainstream books, as opposed to books that neatly fit into genres.

MS and MSS: "Shorthand" designation for manuscript or manuscripts.

NET ROYALTY: A kind of royalty paid to an author. It is based on the money the publisher actually receives from each book sale after discounts are given to book stores or buyers.

NEWBERY MEDAL AWARD: Prestigious award presented annually by the American Library Association for the most distinguished contribution to American children's literature in the United States. Newbery winners have tremendous shelf life and tend to be sought not only by children, but by teachers and librarians.

OPTION CLAUSE: A clause in a publishing agreement that often requires the author to sell his or her next work to the same publisher on the same terms listed in the current agreement. An option must usually be exercised by the publisher within a short period of time, or the author is then free to seek a new publisher for his or her upcoming book.

PAGINATION: Describes how books are broken into pages after initial typesetting. Pagination is particularly critical in picture books, where space is usually limited to 24 or 32 pages (including front and back matter) and illustration must be generously accommodated.

PERMISSIONS: Describes the acquisition and fee paid in order to use all or part of existing, copyrighted material. Permissions are typically sought, for instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of a book to use in an anthology. Authors who wish to incorporate a portion of someone else's work in their own creation are obligated to secure permissions. Contracts often require such authors to obtain and pay for permissions, though the responsibility can often be negotiated.

PICTURE BOOKS: A type of book primarily aimed at children from preschool to age 8. Because of the high cost associated with manufacturing picture books, most picture books are published in 24 or 32 pages, including front and back matter.

PICTUREBOOK: Directory of Children's Book Illustration. An illustration sourcebook for the children's book industry. Available in some libraries.

PP&B: Book publishing industry term that stands for "paper, printing, and binding," which are the biggest costs in manufacturing a book. (PP&B for picture books is especially expensive, in large measure because of four-color illustration and the higher grade of paper required.)

PROOFREADING: Checking a manuscript for typographical errors. (Also see copy editing.)

PUBLISHING AGREEMENT: Contract for sale of literary rights to a publisher. Agreements are thick with legalese and typically include 3 to 20 pages, with up to 100 clauses. The contract essentially transfers all or some ownership of a work to a publisher for a sum of money that can vary depending on what rights are sold.

PUBLISHERS WEEKLY: A weekly magazine of the book publishing industry. Issues generally offer book reviews, insider reports, author interviews, bestseller lists, industry analysis and trends reports on publishing and book selling. Most public libraries subscribe.

QUERY LETTER: A brief letter to an editor that quickly describes a manuscript that an author would like to submit for consideration. If applicable, previous writing credits or experience should be included.

READING FEE: An amount charged by some agents and subsidy publishers to read or evaluate a manuscript, without an obligation to find a publisher or publish the material. Reading fees can be very steep.

REMAINDERS: Leftover books that didn't sell and subsequently are deeply discounted for fast turnover. Publishers strongly resist "remaindering" their titles, but the practice is common for books that badly missed their mark or were printed in too great a quantity to begin with.

RETURNS: Books that are returned to publishers from booksellers because the titles didn't sell. Returns, a chronic problem in the industry, often run more than 25 percent for any given title originally purchased by the bookseller.

RETAIL PRICE: The cover price of a book. (Often also referred to as the "list" price.) Most larger publishers pay royalties based on the cover price.

REVISION: The obligation of an author or illustrator to make changes to an original work in order to make the finished product more saleable. Revision clauses that spell out the degree of revision and time allowed are usually included in publishing agreements. Editors and authors or illustrators typically work closely together during the revision process, with give and take on both sides.

RIGHTS: The provisions offered for sale by an author or illustrator or photographer to a publishing house for a particular manuscript or work of art.

ROYALTIES: A percentage of the proceeds from the sale of each copy of a book. Royalties generally range from 3% to 15%, depending on the type of book, amount of experience the author has, its perceived market potential, etc. Authors and illustrators are both paid in royalties unless a flat fee arrangement has been made.

RHYMER: An editorial term that describes picture books in which the story is presented in rhyme. Rhymers fall in and out of favor with editors, and are more difficult to sell than picture books told in narrative style. (See "Pretty No-Nos.")

SASE: Self-addressed, stamped envelope.

SCBWI: Society of Children's Book Writers and Illustrators, the leading membership organization for children's writers.

SIMULTANEOUS SUBMISSION: Submissions that are sent to more than one publisher at a time. Most publishing houses accept simultaneous submissions, but authors who choose this route should note this in their cover letters.

SLUSH PILE: Stacks of manuscripts that are received by editors and publishing houses, but not specifically requested. Manuscripts in the slush pile inevitably are read only after material that an editor has sought or received by an agent. Some houses do not accept unsolicited manuscripts; others (typically smaller publishing houses) keep up with slush piles, hoping to find new talent.

SPECULATION (SPEC): Preparing or offering a manuscript or illustration for an editor without assurance that it will be purchased.

SUBSIDIARY RIGHTS: Sales of your book, either by the publisher or an author's agent, to other outlets such as book clubs, foreign publishers, magazines, or movie studios. If the publisher sells the subsidiary rights, the proceeds are split with the author (usually 50/50). If the agent sells the rights, the author keeps all the proceeds minus the agent's commission.

SUBSIDY PUBLISHER: A publisher who splits the cost of publishing a book with an author. Sometimes also referred to as "vanity publishers," subsidy publishers typically charge authors for typesetting, printing and promoting their own books. Bookstores often refuse to carry books published by subsidy presses, and such books are rarely reviewed.

SUBSTANTIVE EDITING: Editing a manuscript for "global" issues, with particular attention paid to overall style, pacing, plot, etc. Senior editors who contract books often deal with substantive editing issues during the revision process with an author. Copy editors later comb the revised manuscript for spelling, grammar, and general content mistakes.

TRADE PAPERBACK: A book bound with a heavy paper cover, often the same size and with the same cover illustration as the hardcover edition, but lower in price.

TRIM SIZE: The outer dimensions of a finished book. Mass market paperbacks, for instance, are generally 4 1/4 inches by 7 inches. Picture books trim sizes vary tremendously--as does the cost associated with "odd" sizes.

WRITER'S MARKET: An annual guide by Writer's Digest Books that details which publishers are looking for what manuscripts, and for what price. The book retails for under $30 and is generally available in bookstores' reference sections. (Writer's Digest Books also offers variations of the guide, specifically targeting the children's publishers, mystery publishers, agents, etc.).

YA BOOKS: Refers to young adult books, which are most often targeted at readers ages 12-18.


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Post time 22-2-2006 05:27 PM | Show all posts
Originally posted by seribulan at 26-8-2005 01:01 PM
new info...http://www.picture-book.com/news.asp?listingid=44

Glossary of Publishing Terms

by Laura Belgrave

ADVANCE: Compensation paid to an author once the author's book is contracted but before it is published. Typically, one-half of the advance is paid upon signing of the contract, the remaining half upon delivery of the final manuscript.....

Just to add my bit here..

Manuscript - In book, magazine, and music publishing, a manuscript is an original copy of a work written by an author or composer, which generally follows standardized typographic and formatting rules.
In film and theatre, a manuscript, or script for short, is an author's or dramatist's text, used by a theater company or film crew during the production of the work's performance or filming. More specifically, a motion picture manuscript is called a screenplay, a television manuscript is called a teleplay, and a manuscript for the theater is called a stage play.
In insurance, a manuscript policy is one that is negotiated between the insurer and the policyholder, as opposed to an off-the-shelf form supplied by the insurer.

Altho the word "manuscript" in Latin means any written document that is put down by hand, but now, it is no longer necessarily means something that is hand-written.



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Post time 23-4-2006 03:14 PM | Show all posts
Parts of Speech & Grammar Terms

See definitions of grammatical terms.

Abstract Noun
Adjectival Noun
Animate Noun
Attributive Adjective
Auxiliary Verb
Base Form
Causative Verb
Concrete Noun
Copula Verb
Countable Noun
Defining Relative Clause
Definite Article
Direct Object
Ditransitive Verb
Dynamic Verb
Finite Verb
Inanimate Noun
Inchoative Verb
Indefinite Article
Indirect Object
Indirect Speech
Interrogative Pronoun
Intransitive Verb
Irregular Verb
Non-Defining Relative Clause
Non-Finite Verb
Perfect Aspect
Personal Pronoun
Phrasal Verb
Possessive Adjective
Possessive Pronoun
Predicative Adjective
Progressive Aspect
Proper Noun
Reciprocal pronoun
Reflexive Pronoun
Relative Clause
Relative Pronoun
Reported Speech
Resultative Adjective
Stative Verb
Transitive Verb
Uncountable Noun
Zero Article
Types of words, vocabulary and parts of words

Capital Letter
Cardinal Number
Dictionary Types
Loan Word
Lower Case
Ordinal Number
Portmanteau Word
Swear Words
Upper Case

Figures of Speech
See definitions for describing language use.

Academic Question
Hypothetical Question
Rhetorical Question

Different types and areas of English grammar

Descriptive Grammar
Discourse Analysis
Prescriptive Grammar

Terms used for texts

Major Sentence
Minor Sentence
Topic Sentence
Poetry and Literature
See definitions of poetical terms.

Rhyming Dictionary

Varieties of Language
Styles and geographical variations

Standard English
Readability Tests
How easy is it to read a text?

Lexical Density Test
Flesch-Kincaid Index
Gunning Fog Index
Passive Index
Reed-Kellogg Diagrams

Pronunciation and Sound

Close Pair
Phonetic Alphabet
Received Pronunciation
Learning English
Terms used in learning English


Relative Pronouns
Passive Voice (By + Agent)
Order Of Adjectives  

link >>> http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary.html

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